Khomas Region

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Khomas Region
Region
Location of the Khomas Region in Namibia
Location of the Khomas Region in Namibia
Country Namibia
Capital Windhoek
Government
 • Governor Laura McLeod-Katjirua
Area[1]
 • Total 36,964 km2 (14,272 sq mi)
Population (2011)[2]
 • Total 340,900
 • Density 9.2/km2 (24/sq mi)
Time zone South Africa Standard Time: UTC+2

Khomas is one of the fourteen regions of Namibia. Its name refers to the Khomas Highland, a high plateau landscape that dominates this administrative unit. Khomas contains the capital city Windhoek and provides for this reason superior transportation infrastructure. It has well-developed economical, financial, and trade sectors. Khomas Region occupies 4.5% of the land area of Namibia[3] but has the highest population of any of its regions (15%). Whites and coloureds are about 46.7% of population.

Khomas is one of only three Namibian regions to have neither shoreline nor a foreign border. It borders the following regions:

Politics[edit]

The region comprises nine constituencies:[4]

  1. Tobias Hainyeko
  2. Moses ǁGaroëb
  3. Samora Machel
  4. Katutura Central
  5. Katutura East
  6. Khomasdal North
  7. Windhoek West
  8. Windhoek East
  9. Windhoek Rural
  10. John Pandeni

Khomas is important electorally, as nearly 17% of the total votes in the 2004 election came from this region.

2004 parliamentary election[edit]

SWAPO won Khomas Region by a wide majority, though with a lower percentage of the total vote than nationally.

2004 parliamentary election results[edit]

e • d Summary of the 15 and 16 November 2004 National Assembly of Namibia election results in Khomas Region
Parties Votes %
South West Africa People's Organization 87,092 63.68
Congress of Democrats 18,872 13.78
National Unity Democratic Organisation 8,782 6.42
Democratic Turnhalle Alliance 7,225 5.28
United Democratic Front 5,880 4.29
Republican Party 5,040 3.68
Monitor Action Group 1,982 1.44
South West African National Union 1,017 0.78
Namibia Movement for Democratic Change 819 0.59
136,763 100
Source: EISA

Economy and infrastructure[edit]

Khomas has 100 schools with a total of 73,302 pupils.[5]

Demographics[edit]

According to the Namibia 2001 Population and Housing Census, Khomas had a population of 250,262 (123,613 females and 126,648 males or 102 males for every 100 females) growing at an annual rate of 4%. The fertility rate was 4.9 children per woman. 93% lived in urban areas while 7% lived in rural areas, and with an area of 37,007km2, the population density was 6.8 persons per km2. By age, 11% of the population was under 5 years old, 18% between 5-14 years, 67% between 15-59 years, and 4% 60 years and older. The population was divided into 58,580 households, with an average size of 4.2 persons. 36% of households had a female head of house, while 64% had a male. For those 15 years and older, 61% had never married, 24% married with certificate, 3% married traditionally, 7% married concensually, 2% were divorced or separated, and 2% were widowed.[6]

The most commonly spoken languages at home were Oshiwambo (37% of households), Afrikaans (24%), and Nama/Damara (13%). For those 15 years and older, the literacy rate was 94%. In terms of education, 87% of girls and 86% of boys between the ages of 6-15 were attending school, and of those 15 years and older, 76% had left school, 12% were currently at school, and 8% had never attended.[6]

In 2001 the employment rate for the labor force (46% of those 15+) was 71% employed and 29% unemployed. For those 15+ years old and not in the labor force (50%), 55% were students, 25% homeakers, and 20% retired, too old, etc.[6] According to the 2012 Namibia Labour Force Survey, unemployment in the Khomas Region stood at 26.5%. The two studies are methodologically not comparable.[7]

Among households, 98% had safe water, 20% no toilet facility, 69% electricity for lighting, 83% access to radio, and 9% had wood or charcoal for cooking. In terms of households' main sources of income, 1% derived it from farming, 74% from wages and salaries, 7% cash remittances, 11% from business or non-farming, and 4% from pension.[6]

For every 1000 live births there were 53 female infant deaths and 54 male. The life expectancy at birth was 56 years for females and 54 for males. Among children younger than 15, 5% had lost a mother, 10% a father, and 1% were orphaned by both parents. 4% of the entire population had a disability, of which 22% were deaf, 44% blind, 11% had a speech disability, 9% hand disability, 15% leg disability, and 4% mental disability.[6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Namibia's Population by Region". Election Watch (Institute for Public Policy Research) (1): 3. 2013. 
  2. ^ Smit, Nico (12 April 2012). "Namibia’s population hits 2,1 million". The Namibian. 
  3. ^ Kapitako, Alvine (12 November 2010). "ELECTIONS 2010: Khomas Region profile". New Era. Archived from the original on 5 December 2012. 
  4. ^ Khomas constituencies at the Electoral Commission of Namibia
  5. ^ Miyanicwe, Clemans; Kahiurika, Ndanki (27 November 2013). "School counsellors overstretched". The Namibian. p. 1. 
  6. ^ a b c d e "Khomas Region – Census Indicators, 2001". National Planning Commission. 2001. Retrieved 2008-12-27. 
  7. ^ Duddy, Jo Maré (11 April 2013). "Unemployment rate still alarmingly high". The Namibian. 

Coordinates: 22°48′S 17°00′E / 22.800°S 17.000°E / -22.800; 17.000