Khopoli

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Khopoli
Khopoli
Town
Khopoli is located in Maharashtra
Khopoli
Khopoli
Location in Maharashtra, India
Coordinates: 18°47′29″N 73°20′39″E / 18.79143°N 73.344183°E / 18.79143; 73.344183Coordinates: 18°47′29″N 73°20′39″E / 18.79143°N 73.344183°E / 18.79143; 73.344183
Country  India
State Maharashtra
District Raigad
Government
 • Presidents Dattajirao Masurkar[citation needed]
Elevation 61 m (200 ft)
Population (2001)
 • Total 58,657
Languages
 • Official Marathi
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 410203 410204 410216
Vehicle registration MH 46

Khopoli (Marathi: खोपोली) is an industrial town in the Khalapur taluka of Raigad district, in the Indian state of Maharashtra, at the base of the Sahyadri mountains. Patalganga River which is the tailrace channel of Tata Hydroelectric Power station flows through Khopoli.[1][2]

It is a municipal council and is a part of the Mumbai Metropolitan Region. Khopoli Municipal council covers an area of 30 km2.[3]

Khopoli is connected to the Mumbai suburban railway by a single line from Karjat. The distance between CST to Khopoli is 114.24 km along the Central Railway Suburban Line which is a broad gauge line carrying electric locomotives.[4][5]

It is also located on NH 4,[6][7] about 80 km south of Mumbai.

Geography and history[edit]

Khopoli is located at 18°45' N, 73°20'.[1] It is situated at about 61 m above mean sea level.[8] It falls under three Pin codes Khopoli 410203, Khopoli Power House 410204 and Jagdish Nagar 410216.[9] STD code for Khopoli is (0)2192.[10]

A colonial source describes Khopoli as follows:

[11]

There was an annachatra or a free feeding house, in the vicinity of the Mahadev temple, but by 1882 all that remained of it were huge grinding stones.[12] The GIPR line was extended to Khopoli in 1856.[5][13]

Khopoli is the site of the first privately owned hydroelectric power station in India built by Tatas.[14]

Demographics[edit]

In the 2002 India census, Khopoli had a population of 58,657. Males constitute 53% of the population and females 47%. Khopoli has an average literacy rate of 74%, higher than the national average of 59.5%. Male literacy is 80%, and female literacy is 68%. Thirteen per cent of the population is under 6 years of age.[15]

Industries in Khopoli Municipal limits[edit]

The factories in Khopoli Municipal Limits are:

  • Bhushan Steel Limited (Formerly Bhushan Steel & Strips Limited).[16]
  • Paper & Pulp Conversions Ltd (PAPCO), a pioneering paper & paperboard mill started by industrialist Baburaoji Parkhe. The first industry in Khopoli which brought electricity to the town. Started operations in Khopoli in 1949 and closed down in 1990.[17]
  • Alta Laboratories Limited, a leading bulk chemical manufacturer and a pioneer and still India's largest producer of Salicylic Acid and its various derivatives.[18]
  • Bombay Oxygen Limited
  • Government Milk Scheme, Khopoli.[19]
  • Innovassynth Technologies Limited (Formerly Indian Organic Chemicals)[20]
  • Isibars Limited, Special Steels Division[21]
  • India Steel Works Limited, Bright Bar Division[22]
  • Mahindra Ugine Steel Company Limited[23]
  • Mohan Rockey Spring Water Breweries Limited[24]
  • Tata Hydro Electric Power Supply Company Limited[25]
  • Wärtsilä India Limited,[26] Wärtsilä Corp, its parent company, is a Finland-based equipment and turnkey solutions provider; it plans to convert this unit into a global manufacturing and sourcing unit by 2012.[27]
  • Wheelabrator Alloy Castings Limited[28]
  • Zenith Steel Pipes Limited[29]

Educational institutions in Khopoli[edit]

Various institutions run schools, colleges and a polytechnic.

Khalapur Taluka Shikshan Prasarak Mandal[edit]

Khalapur Taluka Shikshan Prasarak Mandal runs the following institutions in Khopoli

  1. Sahyadri Vidyalaya[30]
  2. Shishu Mandir Khopoli(English Medium School)[30]
  3. Janata Vidyalaya (Marathi Medium School)[30]
  4. Carmel Convent(English Medium School)[30]
  5. Zenith High School( English medium School)[30]
  6. Janata Vidyalaya Junior College [30]
  7. Jagdish Chandra Mahindra Memorial School (JCMM) Principal : Mr. Pitre[30]
  8. Khopoli Polytechnic, Khopoli - an unaided polytechnic which operates in two shifts. Diploma courses are offered in Civil Engineering, Computer Engineering, Electronics & Tele Comm., Electrical Power System, Mechanical Engineering, Chemical Engineering. The total intake is 510 students.[31] It is a study centre for Yeshwantrao Chavan Maharashtra Open University programmes in science and technology.[32]
  9. K.M.C College (Affiliated to Mumbai University)[33][34]

Culture and religion[edit]

Khopoli has a "fine oval shaped reservoir" and a temple of God Mahadev as Vireshwar built by Nana Phadnavis. The reservoir is built of solid and strong black rock and is oval shaped. The circumference of the reservoir is about 1207 m and it covers an area of about 75000 sq m. The reservoir holds excellent water throughout the year. The reservoir has surrounding walls also built in stone and are of a width of about 1.5 m to 1.8 m. The reservoir has stone steps leading to the water. The temple is of a height of about 22.9 m m from the base to the top and the foundation measures 12.2 m x 6.1 m. Inside is the image of God Shiva. The Sabha mandap measures about 6.1 m x 3.1 m. At the entrance of the temple is a samadhi. A fair is held in honour of the temple deity on Mahasivaratri day - Maagha Vadya 13.[1][12]

The PAPCO Mill complex has a Parashurama temple and Fire temple or Agni Mandir which was built in 1971.[35] [36] The Gagangiri Maharaj Ashram is located in Khopoli, it is here that Gagangiri Maharaj died on 4 February 2008.[37]

The Akhil Bharatha Ayyappa Seva Sangham, includes the Ayyappa Temple, in its list of Ayappa temples in India and abroad.[38]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Pagadi, Setu Madhavrao (July 1964). "Kolaba District Gazetteer: Places - Khopoli". Gazetteers Department, Maharashtra. Retrieved 2009-12-04. 
  2. ^ Sule, Surekha (December 2004). "Will Area Water Partnerships give people back their rivers?". Infochange India. Retrieved 2009-12-04. 
  3. ^ "Basic Statistics - Statistics on Corporations and Councils" (PDF). Mumbai Metropolitan Regional Development Authority. Retrieved 2009-12-10. 
  4. ^ "Background of Mumabi Suburban Rail system" (PDF). Indian Railway. Retrieved 2009-12-10. [dead link]
  5. ^ a b "Kolaba district gazzeteer - communication - railways". The gazzeteer's department, Maharashtra. Retrieved 2009-12-10. 
  6. ^ "Land Development". Retrieved 2009-12-10. 
  7. ^ "Regional Plan - MMRDA - Part 2/ Chapter 11. Transportation: A strategic perspective". Retrieved 2009-12-10. 
  8. ^ Chapman, John (1851). The cotton and commerce of India - Considered in relation to interests of Great Britain with remarks on railway communication in the Bombay Presidency. London: Whittaker & Co. p. 378. 
  9. ^ "Pin code search". India Post. Retrieved 2009-12-04. 
  10. ^ "STD Code Search". BSNL. Retrieved 2009-12-04. 
  11. ^ Montgomery Martin, Robert (1837). The British Colonial Library, Vol VIII, History of the Possessions of the Honorable East India Company; Vol I. Ave Maria Lane, London.: Whittaker & Co. p. 133. 
  12. ^ a b Campbell, James M. (November 1882). "Places of interest: Khopvili" (PDF). Thane District Gazetteer. Gazetteers department, Bombay Presidency. Retrieved 2007-04-08. 
  13. ^ "IR History: Early Days - I, The first trains in India". The Indian Railways Fan Club. Retrieved 2007-12-10. 
  14. ^ Dubey, S. D. "Hydro Development in India - An overview and challenges" (PDF). An ASSOCHAM study. The Associated Chambers of Commerce and Industry of India. Retrieved 2007-03-08. 
  15. ^ "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01. 
  16. ^ "Bhushan Steel Limited (BSE: 500055; NSE: BHUSANSTL; ISIN: INE824B01021)". 
  17. ^ "Alta Laboratories Limited". Retrieved 2013-12-07. 
  18. ^ "Alta Laboratories Limited". Retrieved 2010-07-28. 
  19. ^ Walke, Tanmay (September 2006). "Government Milk Scheme, Khopoli". Maharashtra State Dairy Development Department. Retrieved 2009-12-04. 
  20. ^ "Innovassynth Technologies Limited". Retrieved 2009-10-13. 
  21. ^ "Isibars Limited". Retrieved 2009-10-13. 
  22. ^ "India Steel Works Limited". Retrieved 2009-10-13. 
  23. ^ "Mahindra Ugine Steel Company Limited". Retrieved 2009-10-13. 
  24. ^ "India Breweries". 2007-09-06. Retrieved 2009-10-13. 
  25. ^ "Indian Network". Retrieved 2009-10-13. 
  26. ^ "Wärtsilä in India". Retrieved 2009-10-13. 
  27. ^ Mukherjee, Promit (2008-08-19), Wartsila sees Khopoli unit as global hub, DNA, retrieved 2009-12-04 
  28. ^ Runwal, S. S. (2003-08-28). "43rd Annual report 2002-2003" (PDF). Wheelabrator Alloy Castings Limited. Retrieved 2009-12-04. 
  29. ^ "Zenith Steel Pipes Limited". Retrieved 2009-10-13. 
  30. ^ a b c d e f g Maharashtra State Board of Secondary and Higher Secondary Education (February 2009). "Result summary". Maharashtra State Board of Secondary and Higher Secondary Education. Retrieved 2009-12-04. 
  31. ^ "Diploma Engineering Institutes offering Diploma Programmes in two shifts." (PDF). 2008-09-10. Retrieved 2009-12-10. 
  32. ^ "Programmes in School of Science and Technology : Prospectus" (PDF). Dr. Rajendra Vadnere, Acting Registrar, Yeshwantrao Chavan Maharashtra Open University, Nashik. June 2009. Retrieved 2009-12-10. 
  33. ^ G., Dr. Pankajam; Dr. T. D. Sreedharan, Dr.B.M.Bhalla (2004-02-27). "Report of the Peer Team On the Institutional Accreditation of the K.T.S.P.Mandal’s K.M.C.COLLEGE, KHOPOLI Khalapur, 410203, Dist. Raigad, Maharashtra". Retrieved 2009-10-13. 
  34. ^ "Affiliation - University Affiliated Colleges - Arts - Colleges". University of Mumbai. Retrieved 2009-12-10. 
  35. ^ "List of Parshurama Mandirs". Retrieved 2013-12-07. 
  36. ^ "List of Social Initiatives". Retrieved 2013-12-07. 
  37. ^ "Mahayogi Sri Sri Gagangiri Maharaj mahasamadhi". Retrieved 2009-12-04. 
  38. ^ Akhila Bharatha Ayyappa Seva Sangham (2009-11-08). "List of Ayyappa temples in India and abroad.". Akhila Bharatha Ayyappa Seva Sangham. Retrieved 2009-12-04.