Khorramabad

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Khorramabad, Lorestan
خرم آباد
city
Khorramabad, Lorestan
Khorramabad, Lorestan
Khorramabad, Lorestan is located in Iran
Khorramabad, Lorestan
Khorramabad, Lorestan
Coordinates: 33°29′16″N 48°21′21″E / 33.48778°N 48.35583°E / 33.48778; 48.35583Coordinates: 33°29′16″N 48°21′21″E / 33.48778°N 48.35583°E / 33.48778; 48.35583
Country  Iran
Province Lorestan
County Khorramabad
Bakhsh Central
Population (2006)
 • Total 328,544
Time zone IRST (UTC+3:30)
 • Summer (DST) IRDT (UTC+4:30)

Khorramabad About this sound pronunciation  (Persian: خرم آباد‎ - Khorram Abād, Luri: خورمووه - Xurrmoa; also Romanized as Khorramābād, Khoramabad, Khurramabad, Khorram Abad and Khur Ramābād)[1] is a city in and capital of Lorestan Province, Iran. At the 2006 census, its population was 328,544, in 75,945 families.[2] Khorramabad is situated in the Zagros Mountains. Khorramabad Airport is 3 km south of the city proper.

The city population is predominantly Lur and Lak, although the two groups are closely related.[3] Although not a major tourist destination, it is quite scenic and possesses several attractions, such as 5 Paleolithic cave-dwelling sites.[4] In the city center, a tall citadel called Falak-ol-Aflak (The Heaven of Heavens), a relic of the Sassanid era, is now a nationally popular museum.

Economically, it is the regional base of the agricultural industry.

Climate[edit]

The valley of Khorramabad

Khorramabad has what is classed under the Köppen climate classification as a Mediterranean climate (Csa), owing to its high altitude making it much wetter than lowland cities like Baghdad or cities more shielded from the Zagros Mountains like Esfahan and Tehran. It remains extremely hot in the summer even with very low humidity, but the winter is sufficiently wet for rainfed agriculture, though much colder than classic Mediterranean climates.

Climate data for Khorramabad, Iran
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 24.0
(75.2)
26.0
(78.8)
31.0
(87.8)
33.0
(91.4)
41.0
(105.8)
43.0
(109.4)
47.0
(116.6)
46.0
(114.8)
43.0
(109.4)
37.0
(98.6)
30.0
(86)
24.0
(75.2)
47
(116.6)
Average high °C (°F) 10.9
(51.6)
13.3
(55.9)
17.5
(63.5)
22.6
(72.7)
28.9
(84)
36.0
(96.8)
39.5
(103.1)
39.1
(102.4)
35.0
(95)
27.7
(81.9)
19.7
(67.5)
13.1
(55.6)
25.3
(77.5)
Daily mean °C (°F) 5.0
(41)
7.1
(44.8)
11.0
(51.8)
15.7
(60.3)
21.2
(70.2)
27.0
(80.6)
30.8
(87.4)
29.8
(85.6)
25.3
(77.5)
19.1
(66.4)
12.3
(54.1)
6.9
(44.4)
17.6
(63.67)
Average low °C (°F) 0.1
(32.2)
1.4
(34.5)
4.6
(40.3)
8.3
(46.9)
11.9
(53.4)
15.4
(59.7)
19.5
(67.1)
18.7
(65.7)
14.1
(57.4)
10.0
(50)
5.5
(41.9)
1.8
(35.2)
9.3
(48.7)
Record low °C (°F) −14.6
(5.7)
−11.0
(12.2)
−11
(12)
−2.0
(28.4)
−1.8
(28.8)
7.0
(44.6)
9.2
(48.6)
8.0
(46.4)
4.6
(40.3)
−1.4
(29.5)
−7.8
(18)
−8.6
(16.5)
−14.6
(5.7)
Precipitation mm (inches) 86.0
(3.386)
73.1
(2.878)
82.5
(3.248)
71.6
(2.819)
36.5
(1.437)
0.3
(0.012)
0.1
(0.004)
0.2
(0.008)
1.2
(0.047)
23.5
(0.925)
54.3
(2.138)
83.6
(3.291)
512.9
(20.193)
Avg. rainy days 11.9 10.7 12.9 11.0 6.2 0.4 0.3 0.2 0.4 4.8 7.6 10.1 76.5
Avg. snowy days 2.6 1.5 0.7 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.1 0.9 5.8
 % humidity 69 64 58 54 43 28 24 25 28 39 55 66 46.1
Mean monthly sunshine hours 163.4 170.8 187.2 206.0 264.2 340.4 347.2 330.1 302.7 257.3 191.4 160.5 2,921.2
Source: NOAA (1961-1990) [5]

Colleges and universities[edit]

Islamic Azad University of Khorramabad

Sister towns and cities[edit]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Khorramabad can be found at GEOnet Names Server, at this link, by opening the Advanced Search box, entering "-3071194" in the "Unique Feature Id" form, and clicking on "Search Database".
  2. ^ "Census of the Islamic Republic of Iran, 1385 (2006)" (Excel). Islamic Republic of Iran. Archived from the original on 2011-11-11. 
  3. ^ Anonby, Erik John "Update on Luri: How many languages" JRAS (Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society) Series 3 13(2): pp. 171–197, p.183, doi:10.1017/S1356186303003067
  4. ^ Baumler, Mark F. and Speth, John D. (1993) "A Middle Paleolithic Assemblage from Kunji Cave, Iran" pp. 1–74 In Olszewski, Deborah and Dibble, Harold Lewis (editors) (1993) The Paleolithic prehistory of the Zagros-Taurus The University Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, ISBN 978-0-924171-24-6
  5. ^ "Khoram Abad Climate Normals 1961-1990". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved December 28, 2012. 
  6. ^ "Lorestan University of Medical Sciences homepage". Lums.ac.ir. Retrieved 2012-09-12. 
  7. ^ "afpkh.ir". afpkh.ir. Retrieved 2012-09-12. 
  8. ^ Lorestan University" homepage, in English[dead link]
  9. ^ "لرستان و یاماگاتای ژاپن خواهرخوانده شدند" [Kayhan newspaper] (in Persian). iran. 

External links[edit]