Khorezm People's Soviet Republic

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Khorezm People's Soviet Republic
Xorazm Xalq Sho'ro Jumhuriyati  (Uzbek)
Хорезмская Народная Советская Республика (Russian)

1920–1925


Flag

Khorezm PSR (green) within Soviet Central Asia, 1922
Capital Khiva
Languages Uzbek
Religion
Government Socialist republic
Chairman
 -  1920–1921 (first) Hoji Pahlavon Niyoz Yusuf
 -  1924–1925 (last) Temurkhoja Yaminoghli
Historical era Interwar period
 -  Abdication of Sayid Abdullah 2 February 1920
 -  Republic established
26 April 1920
 -  National delimination of Soviet Central Asia
17 February 1925
Today part of  Turkmenistan
 Uzbekistan
 Kazakhstan

The Khorezm People's Soviet Republic (Uzbek: Xorazm Xalq Sho'ro Jumhuriyati; Russian: Хорезмская Народная Советская Республика, Khorezmskaya Narodnaya Sovetskaya Respublika) was created as the successor to the Khanate of Khiva in February 1920, when the khan abdicated in response to popular pressure, and officially declared by the First Khorezm Kurultay (Assembly) on 26 April 1920. On 20 October 1923, it was transformed into the Khorezm Socialist Soviet Republic (Russian: Хорезмская ССР, Khorezmskaya SSR).[1]

500-roubles coin of 1920–21.

On 27 October 1924 the Khorezm SSR was divided between Uzbek and Turkmen SSRs and the Karakalpak Autonomous Oblast as part of the delimitation of Central Asia according to nationalities.[2]

Politics[edit]

Chairman of the Revolutionary Committee[edit]

Chairman of the Provisional Government[edit]

Chairmen of the Presidium of the Assembly of People's Representatives[edit]

Chairmen of the Presidium of the Central Executive Committee[edit]

Postage stamp of the Khorezm People's National Republic, 1922.

Geography[edit]

The Khorezm People's National Republic bordered on the Turkestan Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic to the north and to the south and on the Bukharan People's Soviet Republic to the east. Its western border was a rough continuation of the western coast of Aral Sea, bordering on what was then the Kirghiz ASSR (today's western Kazakhstan). It had an area of 62,200 km2 (24,000 sq mi) and a population of more than 600,000 people, mainly Uzbeks-62,5%, Turkmens-28,6%, Karakalpaks-3,0%, and Kazakhs-3,5%. Its capital was Khiva.[1]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Khorezm People's Soviet Republic: Big Soviet Encyclopedia on-line edition. (Russian)
  2. ^ Погорельский И.В. История Хивинской революции и Хорезмской народной советской республики 1917-1924 гг., Ленинград: Изд-во ЛГУ, 1984

External links[edit]