Khost (Matun) District

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Khost District)
Jump to: navigation, search
Khost District
District
Overlookingkhowst.jpg
Khost districts.png
Country  Afghanistan
Province Khost Province
District center Khost
Population (2006.[1])
 • Total 160,214
Time zone D† (Afghanistan Standard Time) (UTC+4:30)

Khost (Matun) District (Pashto: خوست ولسوالۍ‎) is situated in the central and eastern part of Khost Province, Afghanistan. The district center is the town of Khost. Khost Airfield is situated 2 miles southeast of the town of Khost.

Water[edit]

Khost District is traversed by the Kurram River, which rises from the Rokian Defile, passes through the district, and then enters the "country of the Turis or the Kurram Valley".[2]

History[edit]

Nadir Shah era[edit]

When Nadir Shah was a general, he was responsible for putting down an uprising in the District, where the locals had rebelled against the Amir due to heavy taxation and robbery.[3]

British era[edit]

On 2 January 1879, General Roberts entered Matun from Hazir Pir in the Kurram valley, with a small armed contingent.[4] The intent was to pacify the district, which was described as "an unsophisticated country where the revenue had hitherto been collected in copper."[5]

Soviet-Afghan War[edit]

During the Soviet-Afghan War, the mujahideen guerrillas, blockaded Khost District, cutting off all lines of communication. The Soviets were forced to respond with Operation Magistral in 1987 to reopen the Khost-Gardez Road and bring relief to the District.[6] Khost District was the scene of intense fighting in 1987, with over 1500 guerrillas and one American adviser killed by DRA troops, according to Tass, the official Soviet news agency.[7]

References[edit]

External links[edit]