Khovd (city)

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This article is about the city in Mongolia. For other uses, see Khovd.
To be distinguished from Hovd, Khovd a district (sum) in the western parts of Khovd Province.
Khovd
Ховд
ᠬᠣᠪᠳᠤ
District
Jargalant District
Жаргалант сум
ᠵᠢᠷᠭᠠᠯᠠᠩᠲᠤᠰᠤᠮᠤ
The city of Khovd
The city of Khovd
Khovd is located in Mongolia
Khovd
Khovd
Coordinates: 48°00′15″N 91°38′26″E / 48.00417°N 91.64056°E / 48.00417; 91.64056
Country Mongolia
Province Khovd Province
Elevation 1,395 m (4,577 ft)
Population (2007)
 • Total 28,601
Time zone UTC + 7 (UTC+7)
Area code(s) +976 (0)143

Khovd or Hovd (Mongolian: Ховд), formerly known as Kobdo or Khobdo, is the capital of the Khovd Province of Mongolia. Officially known as Jargalant sum.

Geography and climate[edit]

Street in Khovd
Khovd downtown

It is situated at the foot of the Mongol Altay Mountains, on the Buyant River. The Khar-Us Lake is located approximately 25 km east of Khovd, and is the location of a Strictly Protected Area (Mongolian Government designation), called the Mankhan Nature Preserve.

Khovd is known throughout the region for its watermelon and tomato harvest in the late summer, as well as the high quality of its seasonal meat products.

As a result of administrative reforms in 1992, Khovd was accorded the status of Jargalant sum. City area is 80 km2.

Khovd has a cold desert climate (Köppen climate classification BWk) with long, dry, frigid winters and short warm summers. Precipitation is minimal and very heavily concentrated in summer.

Climate data for Khovd
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 8.7
(47.7)
13.6
(56.5)
21.7
(71.1)
30.7
(87.3)
32.0
(89.6)
34.2
(93.6)
33.4
(92.1)
35.6
(96.1)
30.0
(86)
24.7
(76.5)
14.4
(57.9)
13.3
(55.9)
35.6
(96.1)
Average high °C (°F) −16.3
(2.7)
−12
(10)
0.3
(32.5)
11.1
(52)
19.1
(66.4)
23.8
(74.8)
24.7
(76.5)
23.4
(74.1)
17.7
(63.9)
9.0
(48.2)
−2.3
(27.9)
−12.9
(8.8)
7.1
(44.8)
Daily mean °C (°F) −24.3
(−11.7)
−20.2
(−4.4)
−7.4
(18.7)
3.9
(39)
11.9
(53.4)
17.1
(62.8)
18.6
(65.5)
16.7
(62.1)
10.6
(51.1)
1.5
(34.7)
−9.7
(14.5)
−20
(−4)
−0.1
(31.8)
Average low °C (°F) −29.9
(−21.8)
−27.1
(−16.8)
−14.7
(5.5)
−3.5
(25.7)
4.6
(40.3)
10.3
(50.5)
12.3
(54.1)
10.0
(50)
3.9
(39)
−4.7
(23.5)
−15.7
(3.7)
−25.6
(−14.1)
−6.7
(19.9)
Record low °C (°F) −46.6
(−51.9)
−44.6
(−48.3)
−31.7
(−25.1)
−19.7
(−3.5)
−8.6
(16.5)
−6.4
(20.5)
1.5
(34.7)
−0.9
(30.4)
−13.9
(7)
−25.3
(−13.5)
−35.2
(−31.4)
−40.4
(−40.7)
−46.6
(−51.9)
Precipitation mm (inches) 1.4
(0.055)
0.9
(0.035)
2.3
(0.091)
5.9
(0.232)
9.5
(0.374)
26.5
(1.043)
35.0
(1.378)
22.7
(0.894)
10.6
(0.417)
4.6
(0.181)
1.8
(0.071)
1.6
(0.063)
122.8
(4.835)
Avg. precipitation days (≥ 1.0 mm) 0.3 0.2 0.6 1.4 2.4 3.9 6.2 4.0 1.9 0.8 0.4 0.5 22.6
Mean monthly sunshine hours 171.6 196.3 255.2 266.8 300.4 300.1 302.1 298.0 269.7 230.9 180.3 151.0 2,922.4
Source: NOAA (1961-1990) [1]

Population[edit]

Ruins of the fortress where the Manchu amban resided

The city has a population of 26,023 (2000 census), 30,479 (2003, est.), 28,601(2007[2]).

In 2005, the sum had 32,351 inhabitants (6,675 households), belonging to more than ten ethnic groups and nationalities such as Ööld, Khalkh, Zakhchin, Torguud, Uriankhai, Myangad, Dörvöd, Bayad, Kazakh, Chantuu (Uzbek) and Üzemchin.[3]

History[edit]

The city was established by Galdan Boshogtu Khan of Dzungaria in the 17th century on the bank of the river Khovd in what is now Erdenebüren sum. Horticulture was developed around city Khovd using the land cultivating experience from Taranchi and Central Asian captives. The city was 'moved' by the Qing administration after destruction of the Dzungar Khanate after 1757 on to the bank of the river Buyant. On 7 August 1912, the Mongol troops under leadership of Manlai Baatur Damdinsuren, Khatanbaatar Magsarjav and Ja Lama Dambiijantsan captured the city of Khovd, destroyed all the Manchu-Chinese garrisons and abolished the governance of the Qing-appointed amban.

Khovd as seen from the cemetery

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Khovd Climate Normals 1973-1990". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved January 13, 2013. 
  2. ^ Khovd Aimag Statistical Office 2007 Annual Report
  3. ^ Feasibility Assessment of Sustainable Use of Land and Water in the Buyant River Delta, Khovd Aimag.National University of Mongolia.[1][dead link]