Khrennikov's Seven

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Tikhon Khrennikov's speech at Sixth Congress of Soviet Composers. Fragment

Khrennikov’s Seven (Russian: Хренниковская семёрка or Семёрка Хренникова) was a group of seven Russian Soviet composers denounced at the Sixth Congress of the Composers' Union by its leader Tikhon Khrennikov for the unapproved participation in some festivals of Soviet music in the West. Khrennikov called their music "pointlessness... and noisy mud instead of real musical innovation". The seven were listed in the following order: Elena Firsova, Dmitri Smirnov, Alexander Knaifel, Viktor Suslin, Vyacheslav Artyomov, Sofia Gubaidulina and Edison Denisov. Some sources say, that they were put under official boycott[citation needed]. Newer research shows, that this might be a politically distorted perception[citation needed]. Inside the USSR, the speech was almost without consequences for the composers, however in the west it was taken as a proof of restrictive cultural politics. Publishers use this speech to promote their composers to this day. The composers themselves understood, that such rumours would likely be heard in the West. Artyomov gives dubious accounts of the performance of his symphony Way to Olympus at the Moscow Autumn Festival in 1979.[1]

The tone of the denunciation harked back to the First Congress of 1948, at which Prokofiev, Shostakovich, Myaskovsky and others were victimized.

By 1991 four of the seven had left the Soviet Union (except Knaifel, Denisov and Artyomov), Denisov left the country in 1994 and died in Paris two years later.

Quotations[edit]

"In 1979, the Communist Party tried to bring these rebels [a group of younger composers known as "unofficial" composers] to heel. The egregious hack Tikhon Khrennikov, head of the Soviet Composers' Union, attacked seven of them by name in terms that were an unintended compliment: he called their music "not representative of the work Soviet composers"." (Gerard McBurney)

"The ‘bad days’ returned in November 1979, when at the Sixth Congress of the Composer’s Union, the music of the so-called ‘Khrennikov Seven’ was criticised as ‘pointlessness … and noisy mud instead of real musical innovation’ <...> This victimisation came in connection with their participation in the Cologne festival. An administrative punishment was made, preventing them from being performed on the radio and television, and prohibiting the publication of their scores. The leaders of the Composer’s Union also proclaimed the policy of ‘divide and rule’, and Schnittke, who previously had been harshly criticised, was suddenly given official recognition." (Dmitri N. Smirnov: Song from Underground 1)

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  • The authors of the Khrennikov’s address-denunciation were L.G.Grigoriev (Ginsburg) and Y.M.Platek which became known later for their common work on Khrennikov under the title “He was chosen by Time”. Khrennikov’s address can be compared to T.D.Lisenko’s addresss on genetics in 1936. “Time” which has chosen Him in 1948 stopped for 40 years.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Andreas Kloth (2009): Der russische Komponist Vjačeslav Artëmov: Ein Beispiel für die politisch und gesellschaftlich bedingte Rezeption nonkonformistischer sowjetischer Komponisten. Die Blaue Eule, Essen. ISBN 3-89924-244-0. p. 101-118

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