|This article relies too much on references to primary sources. (April 2007)|
|Motto||Open standards for graphics, media and parallel computation|
|Purpose||Creating open standards to enable the authoring and acceleration of graphics, rich media and parallel computation on a wide variety of platforms and devices|
|Headquarters||Beaverton, Oregon, USA|
The Khronos Group is an American not-for-profit member-funded industry consortium based in Beaverton, Oregon, focused on the creation of open standard, royalty-free application programming interfaces (APIs) for authoring and accelerated playback of dynamic media on a wide variety of platforms and devices. Khronos members may contribute to the development of Khronos API specifications, vote at various stages before public deployment, and accelerate delivery of their platforms and applications through early access to specification drafts and conformance tests.
The Khronos Group was founded in 2000 by companies including ATI Technologies, Discreet, Evans & Sutherland, Intel Corporation, NVIDIA, Silicon Graphics (SGI), and Sun Microsystems. It now has roughly 100 member companies, over 30 adopters, and 24 conforming members. Its president is Neil Trevett.
- COLLADA, a file-format intended to facilitate interchange of 3D assets.
- EGL, an interface between Khronos rendering APIs such as OpenGL ES or OpenVG and the underlying native platform window system
- OpenCL, a cross-platform computation API.
- OpenGL, a cross-platform computer graphics API
- OpenGL ES, a derivative of OpenGL for use on mobile and embedded systems, such as cell phones, portable gaming devices, and more
- OpenGL SC, a safety critical profile of OpenGL ES designed to meet the needs of the safety-critical market
- OpenKCam, Advanced Camera Control API
- OpenKODE, an API for providing abstracted, portable access to operating system resources such as file systems, networks and math libraries
- OpenMAX, a layered set of three programming interfaces of various abstraction levels, providing access to multimedia functionality
- OpenML, an API for capturing, transporting, processing, displaying, and synchronizing digital media
- OpenSL ES, an audio API tuned for embedded systems, standardizing access to features such as 3D positional audio and MIDI playback
- OpenVG, an API for accelerating processing of 2D vector graphics.
- OpenVX, Hardware acceleration API for Computer Vision applications and libraries
- OpenWF, APIs for 2D graphics composition and display control
- SPIR, a intermediate compiler target for OpenCL and Vulkan
- StreamInput, an API for consistently handling input devices.
- Vulkan, a low-level computer graphics API
Khronos group divides its members followingly:
- Academic Contributors - have full API working group participation but no voting rights.
- Contributors - have full API working group participation and voting rights, and generous marketing benefits.
- Promoters - act as the "Board of Directors" to set the direction of the Group, with final specification ratification voting rights.
Current members (as of October 27, 2014) are (highlights):
- Apple Inc.
- ARM Holdings
- Epic Games
- Imagination Technologies
- Intel Corporation
- Samsung Electronics
- Sony Computer Entertainment
- Blizzard Entertainment Inc.
- Huawei Technologies
- LG Electronics
- Lucasfilm Ltd.
- Matrox Graphics
- Microsoft Corporation
- Oculus VR
- Renesas Electronics
- Texas Instruments
- Unity Technologies
- Valve corporation
- VIA Alliance Semiconductor
- China Academy of Telecommunication Research of MIIT
- Columbia University
- Imperial College London
- Institute for Information Industry
- MIT Lincoln Laboratory
- Oregon State University
- Seoul National University
- Universita di Bologna
- University of Bristol
- "OpenGL ARB to pass control of OpenGL specification to Khronos Group". Khronos press release.
- "OpenGL ARB to Pass Control of OpenGL Specification to Khronos Group". AccessMyLibrary Archive.
- "Khronos Group Conformant members".
- "EGL Overview". Khronos website. 2009-10-15.
- "Khronos launches heterogeneous computing initiative". Khronos press release. 2008-06-16.