Khubbayza

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Khubbayza
Arabic خبْيزة
Name meaning "Mallow"
Also spelled Khubbeiza
Subdistrict Haifa
Population 290 (1945)
Area 4,854 dunams

4.9 km²

Date of depopulation 12–14 May 1948[1]
Cause(s) of depopulation Military assault by Yishuv forces
Current localities None

Khubbayza (Arabic: خبْيزة‎) was a Palestinian Arab village in the Haifa Subdistrict, located 29.5 kilometers (18.3 mi) southeast of Haifa. It was situated on hilly terrain, south of Wadi al-Sindiyana, between the Jezreel Valley with the Mediterranean coast. In 1945, it had a population of 290.[2] Khubbayza was depopulated during the 1948 War on May 12, 1948, in the Battle of Mishmar HaEmek.[3]

History[edit]

The village is named after the Arabic term for mallow, a wild plant used in Palestinian cuisine, particularly in rural areas. To the north of Khubbayza laid the ruins of Khirbat Kalba, named after Banu Kalb, the Arab tribe. It contained traces of human settlement.[2]

In the late 19th century, there was an estimated 270 inhabitants in Khubbayza who cultivated 24 feddans of land.[4] In the British Mandate period, it was oriented along a northwest axis and its houses, constructed of stone, were clustered together. The village residents, who numbered 209 and 290 in 1931 and 1945, respectively, were Muslims. They earned their living in agriculture, mostly cultivating grains and vegetables, but also worked in animal husbandry. Domestic water was obtained from numerous springs and wells within Khubbayza's boundaries.[2]

Israel's pre-military force, the Haganah, launched a raid against the village on January 1, 1948, but no casualties were reported. It was not captured until several months later, however. In the wake of the Battle of Mishmar HaEmek in mid April 1948, several of the surrounding villages were occupied by the Haganah. The Irgun, a Jewish paramilitary group, took advantage of Israel's gains and Khubbayza was one of several other villages captured between May 12 and May 14. Most of the inhabitants fled after mortar attacks. No Jewish settlements were built on its lands and according to Palestinian historian Walid Khalidi, only "stone debris, scattered among thorny bushes."[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Morris, 2004, p. xviii, village #158. Also gives cause of depopulation
  2. ^ a b c Khalidi, 1992, p.172.
  3. ^ a b Khalidi, 1992, p.173.
  4. ^ Conder and Kitchener, 1881, SWP II p.42. Quoted in Khalidi, 1992, p.172

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 32°33′22″N 35°03′56″E / 32.55611°N 35.06556°E / 32.55611; 35.06556