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Khubz, khoubz or khobz (Arabic: خبز), the Arabic word for bread, is usually used by non-Arabic speakers to refer to the flatbread also known as pita that forms a staple of the local diet from the Arabian Peninsula to Morocco and also in Israel where there is a large community of Iraqi Jews.
Khubz was traditionally baked in a tannuur, and six recipes for khubz made in this way are included in Ibn Sayyar al-Warraq's 10th century Kitab al-Tabikh cookery book.
In Iraq khubz is produced as a round flatbread. As a result of the economic sanctions imposed on Iraq in the 1990s there was an increase in the making of khubz in the traditional way in a clay oven.