Khushab

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This article is about the city in Pakistan. For the district, see Khushab District. For places in Iran, see Khvoshab (disambiguation).
Khushab
خُوشاب
City
Khushab is located in Pakistan
Khushab
Khushab
Location in Pakistan
Coordinates (Punjab): 32°18′N 72°20′E / 32.30°N 72.34°E / 32.30; 72.34Coordinates: 32°18′N 72°20′E / 32.30°N 72.34°E / 32.30; 72.34
Country Pakistan
Province Punjab, Pakistan
District Khushab
Population (2009)[1]
 • Total 110 868
Time zone PST (UTC+5)
 • Summer (DST) PDT (UTC+6)
Postal code 41000
Area code(s) 0454
District Government Khushab Official Website

Khushab (Urdu: خُوشاب‎), is a city as well as a District in the Punjab province of Pakistan.[2] Sweet Water is the Meaning of the word Khushab. Khushab city also serves as the headquarters of Khushab Tehsil an administrative subdivision of the district Khushab.[3]

The city of Khushab is home to the Khushab Nuclear Complex,[4] a critical part of the Pakistan's Special Weapons Program, which has come under much heated scrutiny.[5]

History[edit]

During colonial rule Khushab town was the headquarters of the tehsil of the same name in the Shahpur District. The town situated on the right bank of the Jhelum River was on the route of the Sindh-Sagar branch of the North-Western Railway.

During that time it had an extensive trade, exporting cotton, wool, and Ghee to Multan and Sukkur; cotton cloth to Afghanistan and the Derajat; and wheat grown in the Salt Range, which was considered particularly suitable for export, principally to Karachi. The municipality was created in 1867. The income during the ten years ending 1902-3 averaged Rs. 12,100, and the expenditure Rs. 11,000. In 1903-4 the income was Rs. 11,500, chiefly from octroi; and the expenditure was Rs. 11,000. The town had an Anglo-vernacular middle school, maintained by the municipality, and a Government dispensary.

The population according to the 1901 census was 11,403.[6]

Khushab Nuclear Complex[edit]

On March 21, 2000, the Christian Science Monitor published an article written by Alexander Colhoun, a high-resolution aerial satellite photo revealed a nuclear reactor, Khushab Nuclear Complex, and a missile base in the city of Khushab. These pictures had mixed views, one of the expression of power that could shackle or reshape diplomatic landscapes[7] of a region and another of the ethical question about the usage of satellite imagery in terms of privacy and national sovereignty of a nuclear-capable nation. The report was published at a time when American President Bill Clinton was due to visit India and sparked concerns worldwide. It was later clearly stated in the Dawn newspaper on June 14, 2000 that this particular nuclear reactor at Khushab and its reprocessing plant were generating between 8 to 10 kilograms of weapons-grade plutonium per year, dedicated for military use.In District Khushab there is a hidden city of Tulajha which has a resemblance with the civilization of Harappa and Mohenjo Daro.This city is located in the Mountains of District of Khushab heading toward the Soon Valley Naushera Road.

Location[edit]

Khushab is situated between the Districts of Mianwali and Sargodha as well away 229 km from (142 mi) from Lahore and from the capital Islamabad 246 km (153 mi). This district is full of natuaral beauty containing Jhelum River, Fields,Mountains(Skaisar) and Thal desert. Its important towns included Quaidabad, Jauharabad,Mithtawana,Nowshera. Jauharabad is beautiful city for residence having wide roads and streets. The soon valley sakasir is one of the beautiful hilly areas of District Khushab. There are three beautiful lakes(Ochali. Khabbaki. Sodhi jay wali) exist and a beautiful Garden at Kanhatti is also place of visit. A Very big forest falls in soon-valley

Geography[edit]

Geographically Khushab consists of agricultural and plain land۔

Education[edit]

The Literacy rate of the District is about 65%.

Etymology[edit]

Khushab is a combination of two Persian words: khush (Persian: خوش‎) meaning sweet or tasty and aab (Persian: آب‎) meaning water. A common belief is that the Persians, from the west, first used the word khush-aab in admiration of the sweet and tasty water found in the historical city situated on the bank of Jhelum River. With time the city started to be known as Khushab.[8]

Language[edit]

As per the 1998 census of Pakistan, the following are the demographics of the Khushab district, by spoken language:

Inhabitants of Khushab District speak a great variety of Punjabi dialects: which are

Other Languages include:

  • Urdu is mother tongue of few people but being national language is spoken and understood by sizeable population.
  • English is also understood and spoken by the educated elite.

References[edit]

External links[edit]