Khusro Khan

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Khusro Khan
Sultan of Delhi
Reign 1320 CE
Predecessor Qutb ud din Mubarak Shah
House Delhi Sultanate
Religion Hindu

Khusro Khan (Gujarati: ખ઼ુસરો ખ઼ાન, Urdu: خسرو خان‎; also spelled Khusrau Khan or Khusru or Khusraw Khan) was a medieval Indian military leader, and ruler of Delhi as Sultan Nasiruddin Khusrau Shah for a short period of time. He was a native of the Bawariya region of Saurashtra in Gujarat, India.

Capture and enslavement[edit]

In 1297, Alauddin Khilji sent an army under the command of Ulugh Khan and Nusrat Khan to conquer Gujarat. They first captured Patan by defeating the last Hindu ruler Karan Vaghela, then reached the Somanath temple in Saurashtra. They found no resistance and later fought with Hamirji Gohil of the Lathi State and his friend Vegado Bhil, who were both killed in a battle near the Somnath temple. Khusrau Khan, whose original name is not known, was fighting alongside Vegada Bhil and Hamirji Gohil. Before his death at Somanath, Vegado Bhil ordered Khusrau Khan to escape and to take revenge with Alauddin Khilji. Khusrau Khan was captured, accepted Islam and enslaved. Known as 'Hasan,' he was subsequently given the title Khusrau Khan by Mubarak. As a favorite of Mubarak, he led armies to the south.

Capturing the throne[edit]

Khusrau Khan got Sultan Allauddin Khilji killed by his friend Jahiriya. In 1320 Khusrau Khan managed to kill Alauddin Khilji’s son, Sultan Qutb ud din Mubarak Shah, ending the Khilji dynasty. He captured the throne of Delhi and held it for four months, after which he was defeated and killed by Sultan Ghiyath al-Din Tughluq, who founded the Tughlaq dynasty in 1320 in Delhi.[1][2][3][4][5][6][7][8]

Rule[edit]

After capturing the throne by assassinating the decadent Qutb ud din Mubarak Shah, as alleged in Tareekh-e-Farishtah I, he collected all of the Qurans placed them on chairs of his court and ordered his Muslim ministers to sit on the Qurans. Khusrau Khan also often urinated on his cabinet of Muslim ministers.[9] There was no end to the decadence and disrespect of this new king so when the ministers had enough they requested Emir Ghazi Malik of Dipalpur to invade Delhi. Ghazi Malik captured Delhi and killed Khusrau Khan. Ghazi Malik assumed Sultanate under the name Sultan Ghiyath al-Din Tughluq and started Tughlaq dynasty.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Dariyapir, a historical novel by Gunvant Acharya.
  2. ^ Barani, p. 379; Farishtah, I, pp. 124, 126; Ibn Battuta, Def. and Sang, III, Pg. 198.
  3. ^ Ibn Battuta, op. cit., III, pp. 197–98.
  4. ^ C.H.I., III, p. 123.
  5. ^ Barani, p. 408.
  6. ^ Tabqat-i-Akbari, Persian Text, I, p. 187
  7. ^ Lal, History of the Khaljis, p. 70.
  8. ^ Ibn Battuta, p. 47; Yahiya Sarhindi, Tarikh-i-Mubarak Shahi, p. 87.
  9. ^ Tareekh-e-Farishtah, I
Preceded by
Qutb ud din Mubarak Shah Khilji
Sultan of Delhi Succeeded by
Ghiyas ud-Din Tughluq
Khusrau Khan