Khvansar

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For the administrative subdivision, see Khvansar County. For the village in Yazd Province, see Khvansar, Yazd.
Khvansar
Xānsār
city
Khansar-22bhsq.JPG
Khvansar is located in Iran
Khvansar
Khvansar
Coordinates: 33°13′14″N 50°18′54″E / 33.22056°N 50.31500°E / 33.22056; 50.31500Coordinates: 33°13′14″N 50°18′54″E / 33.22056°N 50.31500°E / 33.22056; 50.31500
Country  Iran
Province Isfahan
County Khvansar
Bakhsh Central
Population (2006)
 • Total 20,490
Time zone IRST (UTC+3:30)
 • Summer (DST) IRDT (UTC+4:30)

Khvansar Khonsar, in which Khon means: a source of expansion of water. Originally it meant: sofreh: a large, usually ornamented piece of beautiful cloth spread on a table or floor with various foods on for each meal of the day; and sar means a place full of some particular thing. While Khan means the head of a tribe, it may, also, be used as title of respect. (Persian: Xānsār‎, also Romanized as Khvānsār, Khavansar, Khūnsār, Khvonsār; also known as Khansar, Khonsar, and Shahr-e Khvonsār)[1] is a city in and the capital of Khvansar County, Isfahan Province, Iran. At the 2006 census, its population was 20,490, in 6,019 families.[2]

The name Khansar comes from the Avestan language. Khun means spring and sar means place, so khansar means place of the spring. The Khunsari (Khwanshari): a northwestern Iranian language is spoken in the city as well as Judeo-Khu nsari: a Judæo-Persian language spoken in Khansar and elsewhere in the far-western Isfahan Province, of western Iran. The population include Khansaris and Judæo-Khunsaris.

History[edit]

According to existing historical evidence, the city is over 2000 years old, it has been in existence since the Sassanid Empire (226 - 651). Khansar has been a scientific and educational center since the time of the Safavid dynasty and many great Shi’ite scholars were educated there. Khansar has been a centre for training thinkers, poets, and especially theologians, for centuries.

Attractions[edit]

Khansar is famous for its honey and flower-filled gardens. There is a great profusion of fruit, the apples yielding a kind of cider which, however, does not keep longer than a month. Khansar has famous hand-woven rugs called Weis in polygonal shapes. The most important places worth seeing in this city are: Hot springs and Mineral waters in Golestan Kooh, Sar Cheshmeh park, Cheshmeh (Spring) Omid, east of Khansar, The Zoroastrian temple in Tir Kooh, Baba Pir, Baba Mohamed Castle, Shahzadeh Ahmad, Jame mosque, House of Abharis and Mariam Beygom school in Khansar city. Golestan kooh is a beautiful place to visit in the Spring, with a profusion of Fritillaria imperialis flowers. Hiking and skiing ih the nearby mountains is very popular.

Khansar River[edit]

Khansar River comes from the mountains of Khansar and after entering Golpayegan field connects to Ghamrood, and becomes known as “Kharghab”. This river is 23 km of Khomein east, near “Golha Gard” will reach to the Khomein River.

Notable people from Khansar[edit]

Colleges and universities[edit]

  • Khansar University of Mathematics & Computer Science
  • Payamnoor University of Khansar
  • Amozeshkade dokhtarane - Women's technical university
  • Amozeshkade pesaraneh - Men's technical university

Khansar Tobacco[edit]

Special tobacco called Khansar for Hooka. The charcoals would be put on the Khansar tobacco without foil. Khansar has less smoke than the normal tobacco.

Khansar Gazz[edit]

One of the main ingredients of Gazz (Iranian Nougat) is Gazz Angebin from which the name Gazz is derived. Gazz Angebin is indirectly extracted by an insect from a plant. The plants' scientific name is Astragalus adscendens, a descendant of the phylum Papilianaceae. This thorny plant grows naturally in mountainous areas. The insect, (Cyamophila Dicora), from the phylum Psyllidae, sucks on the juice of the plant. The life-cycle of this insect lasts one year and consists of 4 parts, the last of which commences around mid-September and ends in mid-October. The mature insect is 2.5 mm long and 0.9 mm wide. The Gazz Angebin particles, when coming out of the body of the insect are in a thick liquid sticky form, gradually drying when exposed to the air and transforming into small, solid, sticky particles, remaining on top of the tree branches.

Gazz Angebin harvesting and collection is done using traditional devices such as the "Dawal", "Chutin" and selectors, usually made of wood and skin. The dry Gazz Angebin is a solid matter, fragile whitish-yellow and sometimes grey which becomes soft and sticky as a result of heat and moisture. Various pharmaceutical characteristics like coolness, laxation inducing, respiratory system inflammation and relaxation have been attributed to Gazz Angebin.

The principal centres of Gazz Angebin production in Iran is the mountainous pasture-lands of Khansar in Esfahan Province.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Khvansar can be found at GEOnet Names Server, at this link, by opening the Advanced Search box, entering "-3071549" in the "Unique Feature Id" form, and clicking on "Search Database".
  2. ^ "Census of the Islamic Republic of Iran, 1385 (2006)" (Excel). Islamic Republic of Iran. Archived from the original on 2011-11-11.