Kičevo

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Kičevo
Кичево
Town
Kičevo
Kičevo
Kičevo is located in Republic of Macedonia
Kičevo
Kičevo
Location within Macedonia
Coordinates: 41°31′04″N 20°57′56″E / 41.51778°N 20.96556°E / 41.51778; 20.96556Coordinates: 41°31′04″N 20°57′56″E / 41.51778°N 20.96556°E / 41.51778; 20.96556
Country Republic of Macedonia
Municipality Kičevo municipality
Government
 • Mayor Fatmir Dehari
Area
 • Water 48 km2 (19 sq mi)
Population (2002)
 • Total 27,067
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 6250
Area code(s) +389
Car plates KI

Kičevo (Macedonian: Кичево [ˈkitʃɛvɔ] ( ); Albanian: Kërçovë or Kërçova; Turkish: Kırçova) is a city in the western part of the Republic of Macedonia, located in a valley in the south-eastern slopes of Mount Bistra, between the cities of Ohrid and Gostivar. The capital Skopje is 112 km away. The city of Kičevo is the seat of Kičevo Municipality.

Population[edit]

The city of Kičevo has 27,067 inhabitants. The largest ethnic group is the Macedonians who constitute for 15,031 people (55.5%), followed by the Albanians with 7,641 people (28.2%), the Turks with about 2,406 (8.9%) and Roma with 4.9%. [1]

Orthodox Christians made up 15,139 (55.9%) of the city's population according to the 2002 census, while Muslims were the second-largest religious group in the city, numbering 11,759 (43.4%).

The most common native languages are Macedonian (62.5%), Albanian (28.2%), Turkish (8.0%) and Romani 0.4%.

City of Kičevo population according to ethnic group 1948-2002[2]
Ethnic
group
census 1948 census 1953 census 1961 census 1971 census 1981 census 1994 census 2002
Number  % Number  % Number  % Number  % Number  % Number  % Number  %
Macedonians .. .. 3,747 39.2 6,809 66.0 9,900 64.3 13,236 58.9 15,255 60.7 15,031 55.5
Albanians .. .. 232 2.4 681 6.6 2,284 14.9 4,516 20.1 5,902 23.5 7,641 28.2
Turks .. .. 4,749 49.7 2,079 20.2 2,041 13.3 2,175 9.7 2,175 8.7 2,406 8.9
Romani .. .. 54 0.6 0 0.0 17 0.1 304 1.3 1,235 4.9 1,329 4.9
Serbs .. .. 484 5.1 394 3.8 305 2.0 203 0.9 96 0.4 82 0.3
Vlachs .. .. 4 0.1 0 0.0 0 0.0 5 0.0 15 0.1 75 0.3
Bosniaks .. .. 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 7 0.0
Others .. .. 297 3.1 394 3.5 846 5.5 2,040 9.1 451 1.8 496 1.8
Total 7,280 9,567 10,324 15,393 22,479 25,129 27,076

Name[edit]

The name of the city in Macedonian and other South Slavic languages is Kičevo (Кичево). Kičevo is first mentioned as Ouskanas (Ούσκανας) during the reign of Perseus of Macedon, during the Third Macedonian War (171-168 BC). It was known as Uskana among its Illyrian inhabitants.

The next written record of the town did not come until 1018, under the name of Kicavis, noted in one of the documents of the Byzantine emperor Basil II.[3] Under the rule of Prince Marko it was known as Katin Grad, because Marko's sister was named Katina.

It is presumed that the present name of the town originates from the name of this settlement populated by the Slavic Brsjaci tribe.

History[edit]

Kičevo in the 1930s

Kičevo was noted in one of the documents of the Byzantine emperor Basil II in 1018, and also mentioned by the Ohrid archbishop Theophilact in the 11th century.

When the region was conquered by the Ottoman Empire, Kičevo was turned into the military and administrative center of the region. Notable monument of that period is a clock tower built in the foothills of the nearby hill called Kichevsko Kale.

In the late 19th and early 20th century, Kičevo was part of the Manastir Vilayet of the Ottoman Empire.

The activities of the Internal Macedonian Revolutionary Organization (IMRO) in the region of Kičevo were initiated by the priest Josif from the monastery of Bogorodica Prečista near the city, supported by many teachers from the neighbouring villages. On August 2, 1903, the Christian citizens of Kičevo participated in the Ilinden Uprising, led by Arso Vojvoda and Yordan Piperkata.

In 1919 Kičevo and the whole region were incorporated in the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes. From 1929 to 1941, Kičevo was part of the Vardar Banovina of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia.

During World War II, Kičevo was occupied by forces from Fascist Italy. On September 9, 1943 Albanian and Macedonian partisan units disarmed the Italian garrison and took control of the city.[4]

Monuments[edit]

Monastery of St. Bogorodica Prečista (Monastery of Immaculate Mother of God) is a significant monastery near Kičevo. Dedicated to the Virgin Mary, Mother of God, the feast day of this monastery is "Mala Bogorodica", (Birthday of the Virgin Mary on the 21st of September). The monastery, dedicated to the Annunciation and lodgings for devout female monks, represents a medieval monastery that was known under the name Krninski monastery in the past.

Another important monument is the monastery of St. George located in the vicinity of Kičevo.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Macedonian census, language and religion
  2. ^ Censuses of population 1948 - 2002
  3. ^ Dalibor Brozović, Hrvatska enciklopedija, 1999, s.v. "Kičevo".
  4. ^ Pearson, Owen (2006). Albania in Occupation and War: From Fascism to Communism 1940-1945. I.B.Tauris. p. 271. ISBN 1-84511-104-4. 

External links[edit]