KiHa 100 series

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KiHa 100 series
JR East DC110.jpg
KiHa 111-200 + KiHa 112-200 twin set on the Hachiko Line, September 2007
In service 1990–Present
Manufacturer Fuji Heavy Industries, Niigata Transys
Replaced KiHa 30, KiHa 58
Constructed 1989–1999
Number built 247
Number in service 247
Formation 1 or 2 cars per unit
Operator JR East
Specifications
Car body construction Steel
Car length 16.5 m (54 ft 2 in) (KiHa 100/101)
20 m (65 ft 7 in) (KiHa 110–112)
Doors Two per side
Maximum speed 100 km/h (60 mph)
Safety system(s) ATS-SN[1]
Multiple working KiHa E120, KiHa E130 series
Track gauge 1,067 mm (3 ft 6 in)

The KiHa 100 series (キハ100系?) is a series of diesel multiple unit (DMU) trains operated since 1990 by East Japan Railway Company (JR East) on non-electrified rural lines in Japan.

A total of 247 vehicles were built between 1989 and 1999 by Fuji Heavy Industries and Niigata Transys.[2]

Operations[edit]

KiHa 100 and 110 series DMUs are used on the following lines.

Variants[edit]

  • KiHa 100: 16.5-17 m long single cars
  • KiHa 101: 17 m long single cars
  • KiHa 110: 20 m long single cars
  • KiHa 111: 20 m long twin cars with toilet (coupled to KiHa 112)
  • KiHa 112: 20 m long twin cars (coupled to KiHa 111)

KiHa 100-0[edit]

KiHa 100-37, October 2006
KiHa 100-1 + KiHa 100-3 rebuilt as the "Pokemon With You Train" on the Ofunato Line, December 2012
  • 16.5 m long single cars built between 1989 and 1991. (46 vehicles)

The first four pre-production cars were delivered from Niigata Tekkō (now Niigata Transys) to Ichinoseki Depot in January and February 1990. Cars KiHa 100-1 and -3 were equipped with one Cummins DMF14HZ 330 hp engine per car, while cars KiHa 100-2 and -4 were each equipped with one Komatsu DMF11HZ 330 hp engine. The four pre-production cars were initially delivered with black front ends, but these were subsequently repainted white and green to match the later production series cars.[3]

Four production-series cars were then delivered from Fuji Heavy Industries in March 1991. These were each equipped with one Komatsu DMF11HZ 330 hp engine. Differences from the four pre-production series cars included abandoning of the three pairs of tip-up seats near the doorways, and elimination of the dummy exterior window at the toilet position.[3]

38 2nd-batch cars were delivered from June to October 1991. Cars 9 to 29, built by Fuji Heavy Industries, were delivered to Morioka Depot, and cars 30 to 46, built by Niigata Tekkō, were delivered to Ichinoseki Depot. Cars 9 to 29 are each equipped with one Niigata Tekkō DMF13HZ 330 hp engine, and cars 30 to 46 are each equipped with one Komatsu DMF11HZ 330 hp engine. Differences from the earlier 1st-batch cars included solid front-end skirts instead of the earlier pipe-style skirts.[3]

Batch Car numbers Year built Capacity
(Total/seated)
Weight (t)
Pre-production KiHa 100-1–4 1990 104/41 24.9
1 KiHa 100-5–8 1991 103/47 25.8
2 KiHa 100-9–46

KiHa 100-200[edit]

Ominato Line KiHa 100-200 series, December 2010

Five KiHa 100-200 cars were delivered from Fuji Heavy Industries to Hachinohe Depot in 1993. The cab sections were extended by 250 mm to provide additional crash protection, giving an overall car length of 17,000 mm. Cars are each equipped with one Komatsu DMF11HZ 330 hp engine. A wheelchair space was provided next to one doorway, giving a seating capacity of 44 and total capacity of 103 passengers (59 standing).[3]

KiHa 101[edit]

Aterazawa Line KiHa 101-9, October 2009
  • 17 m long single cars built 1993-1997 for Aterazawa Line services. Longitudinal seating and sliding doors. (13 vehicles)
Batch Car numbers Year built Capacity
(Total/seated)
Weight (t)
1 KiHa 101-1–6 Oct 1993 107/44 27.0
2 KiHa 101-7–11 Sep 1994
3 KiHa 101-12–13 Feb 1997

A total of 13 KiHa 101 cars were built by Niigata Tekkō (now Niigata Transys) and allocated to Shinjō Depot for use on Aterazawa Line services. Broadly based on the KiHa 100-200 series cars, these are each equipped with one Komatsu DMF11HZ 330 hp engine. Passenger accommodation consists entirely of longitudinal bench seating. A wheelchair space was provided next to one doorway, giving a seating capacity of 44 and total capacity of 107 passengers (63 standing). The fleet is painted in an overall light blue colour scheme with "FRUITS LINER" logos.[3]

KiHa 110-0[edit]

KiHa 110-5 on a Minami Sanriku rapid service, July 2008
  • 20 m long single cars built between 1990 and 1991, with plug doors. (5 vehicles)

Build details:[4]

Car number Delivery date Manufacturer Seating capacity Weight (t) Initial depot allocation
KiHa 110-1 25 January 1990 Fuji Heavy Industries 52 39.4 Morioka
KiHa 110-2 28 February 1990 Fuji Heavy Industries
KiHa 110-3 28 February 1990 Niigata Tekkō
KiHa 110-4 8 March 1991 Fuji Heavy Industries
KiHa 110-5 8 March 1991 Fuji Heavy Industries

Three pre-production cars were delivered to Morioka Depot between January and February 1990, with cars KiHa 110-1 and 2 built by Fuji Heavy Industries, and KiHa 110-3 built by Niigata Tekkō. As with the pre-production KiHa 100-0 cars, these initially had black front ends, pipe-style front-end skirts, black dummy exterior windows at the toilet positions, and plug doors. Cars KiHa 110-1 and 3 were equipped with Niigata DMF13HZA engines, while KiHa 110-2 was equipped with a Cummins DMF14HZA engine. All three cars used lightweight bolsterless DT58 motored bogies and TR242 trailer bogies, with both axles of the motor bogies driven.[5]

Two production series cars, KiHa 110-4 and 5 were subsequently delivered to Morioka Depot from Fuji Heavy Industries in March 1991. These had standard white/green front ends and did not have dummy exterior windows at the toilet position. Both cars are equipped with Niigata DMF13HZA engines, and use DT58A motored bogies and TR242 trailer bogies.[5]

From 2007, four cars, excluding KiHa 110-3, were transferred to Kogota Depot for use as reserved-seating cars on Minami Sanriku rapid services.[5]

Interior[edit]

The KiHa 110-0 series cars were intended for use on Rikuchū express services, and are fitted with rotating/reclining seats, with a seating capacity of 52 per car.[5]

KiHa 110-100[edit]

A pair of KiHa 110-100 series cars on the Koumi Line, April 2008
  • 20 m long single cars built between 1991 and 1992, with plug doors. (39 vehicles)
Batch Car numbers Year built Manufacturer Initial depot allocation
1 101–104 Feb 1991 Niigata Tekkō Kōriyama
2 105–122 Jun-Aug 1991 Fuji Heavy Industries Koumi
3 123–128 Sep 1991 Niigata Tekkō Niigata
4 129–139 Dec 1991 - Jan 1992 Fuji Heavy Industries Hitachi-Daigo

Cars KiHa 110-101 to 104 were built by Niigata Tekkō and delivered to Kōriyama Depot, cars KiHa 110-105 to 122 were built by Fuji Heavy Industries and delivered to Koumi Depot, cars KiHa 110-123 to 128 were built by Niigata Tekkō and delivered to Niigata Depot, and cars KiHa 110-129 to 139 were built by Fuji Heavy Industries and delivered to Hitachi-Daigo Depot. Differences from the KiHa 110-0 series cars included solid front-end skirts instead of the earlier pipe-style skirts and elimination of the dummy exterior window at the toilet position. All cars are equipped with Cummins DMF14HZA engines, and use DT58A motored bogies and TR242 trailer bogies.[5]

Interior[edit]

Accommodation consists of fixed transverse seating arranged 2+1 abreast, with longitudinal bench seats at the ends of the cars. Seating capacity is 52 per car, with a total capacity of 119, including standing passengers.[5]

KiHa 110-200[edit]

Hachiko Line KiHa 110-200 series, June 2009
Rikuu East Line KiHa 110-200 series, August 2007
  • 20–20.5 m long single cars built between 1993 and 1999 with sliding doors instead of the earlier plug doors. (45 vehicles including 14 former KiHa 110-300)[5]
Batch Car numbers Year built/converted Capacity
(Total/seated)
Remarks
1 201–210 Feb 1993 118/53  
2 211–220 Sep-Oct 1993 121/50 Cab ends extended 250 mm for increased crash protection
3 221–222 Feb-Mar 1996 121/50  
4 223–224 May-Dec 1997 - Converted from KiHa 110-301–302 at JR Kōriyama
5 225–234 - Converted from KiHa 110-303–314 at JR Nagano
6 235–236 120/49
7 237–239 Oct-Nov 1998 120/48  
8 240–242 Oct-Nov 1999 -  
9 243–245 Nov 1999 -  

Interior[edit]

KiHa 110-300[edit]

KiHa 110-300 series DMU on Akita Relay service at Akita Station, January 1997
  • 20.5 m long single cars built between December 1995 and February 1996 for Akita Relay limited express services, and later converted to KiHa 110-200 between May and December 1997. (14 vehicles)[4]
Car number Delivery date Manufacturer Seating capacity Weight (t) Initial depot allocation Converted to Conversion date
KiHa 110-301 18 December 1995 Fuji Heavy Industries 49 31.9 Minami-Akita KiHa 110-223 17 November 1997
KiHa 110-302 18 December 1995 KiHa 110-224 3 December 1997
KiHa 110-303 18 December 1995 KiHa 110-225 31 May 1997
KiHa 110-304 25 December 1995 KiHa 110-226 31 May 1997
KiHa 110-305 25 December 1995 KiHa 110-227 31 May 1997
KiHa 110-306 16 February 1996 KiHa 110-228 26 June 1997
KiHa 110-307 16 February 1996 KiHa 110-229 9 July 1997
KiHa 110-308 16 February 1996 KiHa 110-230 9 July 1997
KiHa 110-309 15 February 1996 Niigata Tekkō KiHa 110-231 9 July 1997
KiHa 110-310 15 February 1996 KiHa 110-232 1 August 1997
KiHa 110-311 15 February 1996 KiHa 110-233 1 August 1997
KiHa 110-312 16 February 1996 KiHa 110-234 8 October 1997
KiHa 110-313 16 February 1996 KiHa 110-235 1 August 1997
KiHa 110-314 16 February 1996 KiHa 110-236 30 August 1997

KiHa 111-0 + KiHa 112-0[edit]

KiHa 111-0 + KiHa 112-0 at Morioka Station on a Hamayuri rapid service, March 2007
Car numbers Delivery date Manufacturer Seating capacity Weight (t) Initial depot allocation
KiHa 111 KiHa 112 KiHa 111 KiHa 112
KiHa 111-1 + KiHa 112-1 30 March 1991 Niigata Tekkō 60 64 29.8 29.3 Morioka
KiHa 111-2 + KiHa 112-1
KiHa 111-3 + KiHa 112-1

Three 2-car sets were built by Niigata Tekkō and delivered to Morioka Depot in March 1991. These were generally built to the same specifications as the full-production KiHa 110-0 cars, with plug doors, pipe-style front-end skirts. All cars are equipped with Niigata DMF13HZA engines, and have lightweight bolsterless DT58A motored bogies and TR242 trailer bogies.[6]

Interior[edit]

The KiHa 111-0/112-0 cars were intended for use on Rikuchū express services, and are fitted with rotating/reclining seats. The KiHa 111 cars are fitted with a toilet.[6]

KiHa 111-100 + KiHa 112-100[edit]

KiHa 111-100 at Sendai, July 2008
  • 20 m long twin cars built between 1991 and 1992 with plug doors. (42 vehicles)
Batch Car numbers Year built Manufacturer Capacity
(Total/seated)
Weight (t) Initial depot allocation
KiHa 111 KiHa 112 KiHa 111 KiHa 112
1 101–108 Feb-Mar 1991 Niigata Tekkō 131/58 136/62 30.3 29.8 Kōriyama
2 109–111 Dec 1991 Niigata Tekkō Koumi
3 112–121 Feb 1992 Fuji Heavy Industries Hitachi-Daigo

Cars KiHa 111/112-101 to 108 were built by Niigata Tekkō and delivered to Kōriyama Depot between February and March 1991, cars KiHa 111/112-109 to 111 were also built by Niigata Tekkō and delivered to Koumi Depot in December 1991, cars KiHa 111/112-112 to 121 were built by Fuji Heavy Industries and delivered to Hitachi-Daigo Depot in February 1992. As with the KiHa 111/112-0 cars, these cars had plug doors, but had solid front-end skirts instead of the earlier pipe-style skirts. All cars are equipped with Cummins DMF14HZA engines, and use DT58A motored bogies and TR242 trailer bogies.[6]

Following the introduction of new KiHa E130 DMUs on the Suigun Line, cars KiHa 111/112-112 to 121 original based at Hitachi-Daigo Depot were reallocated to Morioka and Kogota depot in 2007.[6]

Interior[edit]

Interior accommodation consists of a mixture of 2+1 fixed transverse seating bays in the centre of the cars and longitudinal bench seating at the ends of cars. The KiHa 111 cars are fitted with a toilet.[6]

KiHa 111-150 + KiHa 112-150[edit]

KiHa 111-152 + KiHa 112-152 at Odate Station, November 2010
  • 20.5 m long twin cars built in 1993 with sliding doors. (4 vehicles)
Car numbers Delivery date Manufacturer Capacity
(Total/seated)
Weight (t) Initial depot allocation
KiHa 111 KiHa 112 KiHa 111 KiHa 112
KiHa 111-151 + KiHa 112-151 27 September 1994 Fuji Heavy Industries 135/55 138/62 31.7 31.2 Suigun
KiHa 111-152 + KiHa 112-152

Four cars, KiHa 111/112-151 to 152, were built by Fuji Heavy Industries and delivered to Suigun Depot in September 1994. These cars were built to the same specifications as the earlier (bater later-numbered) KiHa 111/112-200 cars, with sliding doors. All cars are equipped with Cummins DMF14HZA engines, and use DT58A motored bogies and TR242 trailer bogies.[6]

As with the KiHa 111/112-100 series cars, these were reallocated to Morioka Depot between 2007 and 2008 following the introduction of new KiHa E130 DMUs on the Suigun Line.[6]

KiHa 111-200 + KiHa 112-200[edit]

Hachiko Line 2-car set KiHa 111-205 + KiHa 112-205, June 2004
East Rikuu Line 2-car set including car KiHa 111-221, July 2009
  • 20.5 m long twin cars with toilets built between 1993 and 1995 with sliding doors. (42 vehicles including 3 former KiHa 111-300)
Batch Car numbers Year built/converted Manufacturer Capacity
(Total/seated)
Weight (t) Initial depot allocation
KiHa 111 KiHa 112 KiHa 111 KiHa 112
1 201–203 Oct 1993 Fuji Heavy Industries 135/56 138/62 31.7 31.2 Niitsu
2 204–209 Dec 1995 - Mar 1996 Fuji Heavy Industries / Niigata Tekkō Takasaki
3 210–212 Jun-Sep 1995 Nagano Works 131/56 139/62 31.9 31.4 Nagano
4 213–217 Oct-Nov 1998 Fuji Heavy Industries / Niigata Tekkō 134/56 139/62 31.7 31.2 Kogota
5 218–221 Oct-Nov 1999

As with the KiHa 110-200 subseries, this fleet consists of both newly built and cars converted from KiHa 111/112-300 cars. Cars KiHa 111/112-210 to 213 were converted at JR East's Nagano Works from former Akita Relay cars KiHa 111/112-301 to 303. As with the KiHa 110-200 cars, these cars have sliding doors, solid front-end skirts, and bodies extended to 20.5 m. All cars are equipped with Cummins DMF14HZA engines, and use DT58A motored bogies and TR242 trailer bogies.[6]

Interior[edit]

Interior accommodation consists of a mixture of 2+1 fixed transverse seating bays in the centre of the cars and longitudinal bench seating at the ends of cars. The KiHa 111 cars are fitted with a toilet.[6]

KiHa 111-300 + KiHa 112-300[edit]

  • 20.5 m long twin cars delivered in 1996 for Akita Relay limited express services, and later converted to KiHa 111/112-200 between June and September 1997. (6 vehicles)[1]
Car numbers Delivery date Manufacturer Initial depot allocation Converted to Conversion date
KiHa 111-301 + KiHa 112-301 16 February 1996 Fuji Heavy Industries Minami-Akita KiHa 111-210 + KiHa 112-210 26 June 1997
KiHa 111-302 + KiHa 112-302 17 January 1996 Niigata Tekkō KiHa 111-211 + KiHa 112-211 30 August 1997
KiHa 111-303 + KiHa 112-303 17 January 1996 KiHa 111-212 + KiHa 112-212 26 September 1997

Interior[edit]

These cars featured limited express style unidirectional seating arranged 2+2 abreast, with a seat pitch of 950 mm (37 in). The KiHa 111-300 cars included a universal access toilet, and had a seating capacity of 52. The KiHa 112-300 cars had a seating capacity of 56.[7]

KiHa 110-700 Tohoku Emotion[edit]

The KiHa 110-700 Tohoku Emotion set, October 2014

One single car and one twin-car set were converted in 2013 at JR East's Koriyama Works to become the Tohoku Emotion restaurant-car Joyful Train set for use in the north-east Tohoku Region of Japan and based at Morioka Depot.[8] Conversion details are as shown below.[8]

Car number Former number Conversion date
KiHa 110-701 KiHa 110-105 26 September 2013
KiHa 111-701 KiHa 111-2
KiKuShi 110-701 KiHa 112-2

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b JR気動車客車編成表 '04年版 (JR DMU and Coach Formation Guide 2004). Japan: JRR. July 2004. ISBN 4-88283-125-2. 
  2. ^ JR全車両ハンドブック2006 [JR Rolling Stock Handbook 2006]. Japan: Neko Publishing. 2006. ISBN 4-7770-0453-8. 
  3. ^ a b c d e Nishiwaki, Kōji (April 2011). "JR各社の新世代気動車の現状 JR東日本キハ100・101形" [The Current Situation of JR Group Modern DMUs: JR East KiHa 100/101]. Japan Railfan Magazine (Japan: Kōyūsha Co., Ltd.) 51 (600): p.133–137. 
  4. ^ a b Nishiwaki, Kōji (November 2011). "JR各社の新世代気動車の現状 JR東日本キハ110形 その2" [The Current Situation of JR Group Modern DMUs: JR East KiHa 110 (Part 2)]. Japan Railfan Magazine (Japan: Kōyūsha Co., Ltd.) 51 (607): p.106–109. 
  5. ^ a b c d e f g Nishiwaki, Kōji (May 2011). "JR各社の新世代気動車の現状 JR東日本キハ110形 その1" [The Current Situation of JR Group Modern DMUs: JR East KiHa 110 (Part 1)]. Japan Railfan Magazine (Japan: Kōyūsha Co., Ltd.) 51 (601): p.110–113. 
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h i Nishiwaki, Kōji (December 2011). "JR各社の新世代気動車の現状 JR東日本キハ111・112形" [The Current Situation of JR Group Modern DMUs: JR East KiHa 111/112]. Japan Railfan Magazine (Japan: Kōyūsha Co., Ltd.) 51 (608): p.100–105. 
  7. ^ JR特急10年の歩み [10 Years of JR Limited Express Trains]. Japan: Kousai Shuppansha. May 1997. p. 131. ISBN 4-330-45697-4. 
  8. ^ a b JR電車編成表 2014冬 [JR EMU Formations - Winter 2014]. Japan: JRR. 1 December 2013. p. 360. ISBN 978-4-330-42413-2. 

External links[edit]