KiHa 141 series

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KiHa 141
JRN DC143-100 20061103 001.jpg
A 3-car set, November 2006
In service April 1990–Present
Constructed 1990–1995
Scrapped 2005–
Number built 44 vehicles
Number in service 42 vehicles
Number scrapped 2 vehicles
Operator JR Hokkaido
Depot(s) Naebo
Line(s) served Sassho Line
Specifications
Car body construction Steel
Car length 20,000 mm (65 ft 7 in)
Width 2,893 mm (9 ft 5.9 in)
Doors 2 sliding doors per side
Maximum speed 95 km/h (60 mph)
Transmission Hydraulic
Multiple working KiHa 40 series
Track gauge 1,067 mm (3 ft 6 in)

The KiHa 141 (キハ141系?) is a diesel multiple unit (DMU) train type operated by Hokkaido Railway Company (JR Hokkaido) on the Sassho Line in Japan since 1990. The cars were rebuilt from former 50 series locomotive-hauled coaches.[1]

Variants[edit]

A total of 44 cars were built, between 1990 and 1995, divided into four main types: KiHa 141, KiHa 142, KiHa 143, and KiSaHa 144.[2]

  • KiHa 141: Single-engined cab cars, operate in conjunction with KiHa 142
  • KiHa 142: Twin-engined cab cars, operate in conjunction with KiHa 141
  • KiHa 143: Cab cars built 1994 with higher-rated engines
  • KiSaHa 144: Non-powered intermediate cars built 1994

KiHa 141[edit]

KiHa 141-12, November 2006
Interior of KiHa 142-12, November 2007

14 KiHa 141 cars were built between 1990 and 1993 from surplus 50 series OHaFu 51 locomotive-hauled coaches, using the bogies and gearboxes from withdrawn KiHa 22 and KiHa 56 DMUs.[2] These cars are formed as two-car sets with KiHa 142 cars.[2] The KiHa 141 cars are powered by one DMF13HS 250 hp engine, and retain the original toilet of the 50 series coaches.[2] These cars are not air-conditioned.[2]

Build details[edit]

The build dates and former identities are as shown below.[3]

Car No. Former number Built Location
KiHa 141-1 OHaFu 51-44 13 March 1990 Kushiro Depot
KiHa 141-2 OHaFu 51-11 29 March 1991 Naebo Works
KiHa 141-3 OHaFu 51-46 28 March 1991 Kushiro Depot
KiHa 141-4 OHaFu 51-16 23 September 1991 Kushiro Depot
KiHa 141-5 OHaFu 51-53 20 December 1991 Kushiro Depot
KiHa 141-6 OHaFu 51-1 17 March 1992 Kushiro Depot
KiHa 141-7 OHaFu 51-47 8 February 1992 Naebo Works
KiHa 141-8 OHaFu 51-49 16 February 1992 Naebo Works
KiHa 141-9 OHaFu 51-48 10 July 1992 Kushiro Depot
KiHa 141-10 OHaFu 51-55 26 September 1992 Kushiro Depot
KiHa 141-11 OHaFu 51-12 2 February 1993 Kushiro Depot
KiHa 141-12 OHaFu 51-2 31 January 1993 Naebo Works
KiHa 141-13 OHaFu 51-5 21 February 1993 Naebo Works
KiHa 141-14 OHaFu 51-23 23 June 1993 Kushiro Depot

KiHa 142[edit]

KiHa 142-12, November 2006

15 KiHa 142 cars were built between 1990 and 1995 from surplus 50 series OHaFu 51 locomotive-hauled coaches, using the bogies and gearboxes from withdrawn KiHa 22 and KiHa 56 DMUs.[2] These cars are formed as two-car sets with KiHa 141 cars.[2] The KiHa 142 cars are powered by two DMF13HS 250 hp engines, and the original toilet of the 50 series coaches was removed during rebuilding.[2] These cars are not air-conditioned.[2]

KiHa 142-14 was fitted with modified passenger door control circuits in 1995 and renumbered KiHa 142-114.[1] KiHa 142-201 was built in 1995 from former 50 series coach OHaFu 51-30 for use in conjunction with KiHa 143 cars.[1]

Build details[edit]

The build dates and former identities are as shown below.[3]

Car No. Former number Built Location
KiHa 142-1 OHaFu 51-45 13 March 1990 Kushiro Depot
KiHa 142-2 OHaFu 51-3 29 March 1991 Naebo Works
KiHa 142-3 OHaFu 51-40 31 March 1991 Goryokaku Depot
KiHa 142-4 OHaFu 51-60 19 August 1991 Goryokaku Depot
KiHa 142-5 OHaFu 51-51 26 October 1991 Goryokaku Depot
KiHa 142-6 OHaFu 51-54 28 December 1992 Goryokaku Depot
KiHa 142-7 OHaFu 51-13 12 February 1992 Goryokaku Depot
KiHa 142-8 OHaFu 51-22 31 March 1992 Goryokaku Depot
KiHa 142-9 OHaFu 51-42 16 June 1992 Goryokaku Depot
KiHa 142-10 OHaFu 51-43 22 August 1992 Goryokaku Depot
KiHa 142-11 OHaFu 51-14 7 November 1992 Goryokaku Depot
KiHa 142-12 OHaFu 51-21 16 January 1993 Goryokaku Depot
KiHa 142-13 OHaFu 51-6 19 March 1993 Goryokaku Depot
KiHa 142-114 OHaFu 51-26 4 July 1993 Goryokaku Depot
KiHa 142-201 OHaFu 51-30 9 January 1995 Goryokaku Depot

KiHa 143[edit]

KiHa 143-101 leading a 3-car set, January 2010
KiHa 143-151 as part of a 3-car set, January 2010

11 KiHa 143 cars were built in 1994 from surplus 50 series OHaFu 51 locomotive-hauled coaches to provide additional capacity on the Sassho Line.[2] These cars are formed as two-car sets, consisting of KiHa 143-100 cars at the Sapporo end and KiHa 143-150 cars at the opposite end.[2] The KiHa 143 cars are powered by two DMF13HZD 450 hp engines, and used bogies based on the KiHa 150 design.[3] The KiHa 143-150 cars retain the original toilet of the 50 series coaches.[2] All cars were fitted with air-conditioning from 1996.[2]

Passenger accommodation consists of transverse seating bays arranged 2+1 abreast, with longitudinal bench seating at the car ends.[3]

A number of KiHa 143 twin-car sets were modified for use on wanman driver-only operation services.[3]

Build details[edit]

The build dates and former identities are as shown below.[3]

Car No. Former number Built Location
KiHa 143-101 OHaFu 51-36 27 August 1994 Naebo Works
KiHa 143-102 OHaFu 51-41 1 September 1994 Naebo Works
KiHa 143-103 OHaFu 51-24 25 October 1994 Naebo Works
KiHa 143-104 OHaFu 51-34 31 January 1995 Naebo Works
KiHa 143-151 OHaFu 51-32 24 August 1994 Kushiro Depot
KiHa 143-152 OHaFu 51-15 28 August 1994 Goryokaku Depot
KiHa 143-153 OHaFu 51-35 28 October 1994 Kushiro Depot
KiHa 143-154 OHaFu 51-20 29 October 1994 Goryokaku Depot
KiHa 143-155 OHaFu 51-27 1 April 1995 Naebo Works
KiHa 143-156 OHaFu 51-39 21 July 1995 Goryokaku Depot
KiHa 143-157 OHaFu 51-60 4 August 1995 Goryokaku Depot

KiSaHa 144[edit]

KiSaHa 144-101 on the Sassho Line, August 2007

Four KiSaHa 144 non-powered intermediate cares were built in 1994 from surplus 50 series OHaFu 51 locomotive-hauled coaches.[2] Originally used sandwiched between KiHa 141 and KiHa 142 cars, they were later used between pairs of KiHa 143 cars.[2] All cars were fitted with air-conditioning in 2001.[2]

Passenger accommodation consists of transverse seating bays arranged 2+1 abreast, with longitudinal bench seating at the car ends.[3]

Build details[edit]

The build dates and former identities are as shown below.[3]

Car No. Former number Built Location
KiSaHa 144-101 OHaFu 51-7 25 March 1994 Naebo Works
KiSaHa 144-102 OHaFu 51-9 24 March 1994 Naebo Works
KiSaHa 144-103 OHaFu 51-10 29 March 1994 Naebo Works
KiSaHa 144-104 OHaFu 51-33 31 March 1994 Naebo Works
  • KiSaHa 144-104 was initially numbered KiSaHa 144-151, but was renumbered KiSaHa 144-104 in August 1995 following removal of its toilet at Naebo Works.[3]

History[edit]

A train of JR Hokkaido 50 series coaches in 1990

A large number of locomotive-hauled 50 series coaches became surplus to requirements following electrification of lines in the Sapporo area of Hokkaido in the late 1980s. A program was therefore started to rebuild a number of these coaches into diesel multiple unit (DMU) trains to replace ageing DMUs on the non-electrified Sassho Line.[3] In March 1990, one two-car set, formed of KiHa 141-1 and KiHa 142-1, was formed at Kushiro Depot and transferred to Naebo Depot from April of that year. Between 1990 and 1995, a total of 44 DMUs cars were built from former 50 series coaches at Kushiro Depot, Goryokaku Depot, and Naebo Works.[3]

Withdrawals and resale[edit]

The first two cars built, KiHa 141-1 and KiHa 142-1, were withdrawn in March 2005.[3]

Four KiHa 141 series cars, KiHa 143-155, KiSaHa 144-103, KiSaHa 144-101, and KiHa 142-201, were sold to JR East and moved to Koriyama Works in November 2012 for conversion into the SL Ginga Joyful Train set for use with the restored JNR Class C58 steam locomotive C58 239 from April 2014.[4][5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c JR全車輌ハンドブック2009 [JR Rolling Stock Handbook 2009]. Japan: Neko Publishing. 2009. p. 492-493. ISBN 978-4-7770-0836-0. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p "札沼線気動車カタログ" [Sassho Line DMU Catalogue]. Tetsudō Daiya Jōhō Magazine (in Japanese) (Japan: Kōtsū Shimbun) 35 (267): p.28-29. July 2006. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l "電化目前の学園都市線と専用気動車のこと" [Gakuentoshi Line and its dedicated DMUs ahead of electrification]. Japan Railfan Magazine (in Japanese) (Japan: Koyusha Co., Ltd.) 52 (615): p.24-27. July 2012. 
  4. ^ "キハ141系4両が郡山へ" [Four KiHa 141 series cars moved to Koriyama]. Japan Railfan Magazine Online (in Japanese). Japan: Koyusha Co., Ltd. 29 November 2012. Retrieved 6 November 2013. 
  5. ^ "東北で復活するSLによる新しい列車「SL銀河」" [New "SL Ginga" train using erstored steam locomotive in Tohoku] (pdf). News release (in Japanese). Japan: East Japan Railway Company. 6 November 2013. Retrieved 6 November 2013.