Kia Bongo

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Not to be confused with Mazda Bongo.
Kia Bongo
20120112 kia bongo3 01.jpg
Overview
Manufacturer Kia Motors
Also called Kia Besta
Production 1980–present
Assembly Gwangju, South Korea (Gwangju Plant)
Indonesia
Quito, Ecuador (AYMESA)
Montevideo, Uruguay (Nordex)

The Kia Bongo (Hangul:기아 봉고), also known as the Kia K-Series or Kia Besta, is a pick-up truck and van produced by the South Korean manufacturer Kia Motors since 1980.

The Bongo was first launched in 1980 under the name Bongo. In 1997, the third generation generation Bongo Frontier was launched. As of 2004, the Kia Bongo was in its fourth version, confusingly sold as the Kia Bongo III. "Frontier" was dropped from the name with this revision.

Background[edit]

Kia has produced small and large trucks for the Korean market for at least 25 years. Rear-wheel-drive Bongo trucks have been on the market in Korea since at least the late 1980s, and these were equipped with a four-cylinder diesel engine. The Kia Bongo Frontier was originally available in RV or pickup trucks. It was replaced by the Kia Bongo III in 2004. The Bongo Frontier was the first Kia Motors car to be exported to Europe and South America.

First generation (1980–1993)[edit]

Kia Ceres, a heavier-duty version of the first Bongo usually sold with four-wheel drive

Production started in 1980 and coachvan started in 1981. Early Bongos had round headlights, although these were changed for square units in 1981. The first Bongos also used "Kiamaster" logos rather than simply "Kia". The Bongo originally came with the 2.2 liter "S2" engine with 70 PS (51 kW), although the 1.4 liter "UC" petrol engine was added in 1985. 'Wide Bongo' production started in 1987. Between 1987 and 1989 the Bongo was sold as the "Power Bongo", to reflect an upgrade to the 80 PS (59 kW) 2.4 litre "SF" diesel engine. The Power Bongo also has wide rectangular headlights, rather than the smaller units used previously. The first generation Bongo was removed from production in December 1993, although the tougher Ceres version continued for another six years.

Kia Ceres[edit]

The Kia Ceres was a special agricultural version, a one-ton truck. It shared a slightly longer front end with the Kia Titan. From 1986 this was also available with four-wheel drive; eventually the rear-wheel drive models were cancelled in the domestic market. The Ceres model was sold instead of the Bongo in some export markets where conditions are tough, such as the Philippines, Latin America, and Turkey. The Ceres utilized the original BA2 cabin but with a unique front clip. It was facelifted in 1995 when it received a new front clip with round headlights.

Second generation (1989–1997)[edit]

Kia HiBesta 2.7 EST (Coachvan)
Kia Wide Bongo 2700 (1992–1994)

In January 1989 the second generation Bongo Wide (sold as plain "Bongo" in most export markets) appeared. It was largely a rebadged SR-series Mazda Bongo Brawny. In 1992, a 2.7-litre engine was introduced. In October 1994, Kia's new logo replaced the old "chimney" design. In 1995 a reengined and lightly facelifted version called the "Bongo J2" appeared; this reflected the name of the new engine. The second generation Bongo model for passengers (coach) is named the Kia "BestA", usually referred to as 'Besta' - a word that that unfortunately means "beast" (or "stupid") in Brazil. This did not stop the Besta from immediately becoming the highest selling minivan in the Brazilian market.[1] The Besta name was also used for cargo van versions in many countries. The Besta originally had the 2.2 liter diesel engine with 62 PS (46 kW), but at the end of 1994 the 80 PS (59 kW) 2.7 liter J2 unit was placed in the Besta as well. This version can reach 128 km/h (80 mph).[1]

Kia Bongo J2 (1995–1997)

The Bongo J2 also formed the basis for the new Kia Pregio, which replaced the Kia Besta (the coach version of the Bongo). The Besta 2.7 did continue in production alongside the Pregio until at least the summer of 1997[1] for markets where this lower priced model retained some popularity. Export models of the second generation Bongo often used the K2400 or K2700 labels.

Third generation (1997–2005)[edit]

Kia Bongo Frontier

The third generation Bongo appeared in April 1997, now with the "Bongo Frontier" name. The related van version, Pregio, was introduced in November 1995 and continued in production until 2006. A four-wheel drive version ("Bongo Frontier All Terrain") appeared in December 1999, this meant the final end of the Ceres trucks (with origins dating back to the 1977 Mazda Bongo BA2). The third Bongo had the same JS series 2.7 litre engine with 80 PS (59 kW) as used in the previous model, although an optional 3 litre JT engine with 90 PS (66 kW) was also made available from the beginning. In August 2001 this engine received an additional four horsepower.

Kia Bongo Frontier (facelift version)

Facelift[edit]

A facelifted Bongo was introduced in 2000. The truck was discontinued in late 2003, while the Van and Coach models continued to be built until May 2005. With stricter emissions controls, the 4x4 dump truck model was discontinued at the same time.

Fourth generation (2004–present)[edit]

Kia Bongo K2500

The fourth generation became known as the Kia Bongo III and the model was facelifted again. Engines were modernized (now with a common rail option) and gradually became more environmentally friendly.

Due to tighter emissions rules 1.2-ton and 1.4-ton discontinued in November 2006, and then because of low marketing, Coachvan, van, and trucks except 1-ton and 1.3-ton all ceased production in December 31, 2007. The Bongo III went on hiatus between October 2011 and January 2012, due to tighter emissions rules, but reemerged with a Euro V compliant engine.

A coachvan version of the Bongo III is still in production in Indonesia, where it is sold as the Kia Travello.

Names[edit]

In some markets, including Europe, Australia and South America, the Bongo is branded as the Kia K-Series as: K2400 / K2700, but also as "Kia Frontier".

Right hand drive models are produced in Indonesia (locally marketed as Big-Up), while left hand drive models were produced in Ecuador from 2001 to 2004.[2]

In Taiwan, the Bongo is known as Kia Kaon.[3]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Saiba mais, tudo sobre a Kia Besta de 1993 a 2005." [Know more: Everything about the 1993-2005 Kia Besta]. Encontracarros.com (in Portuguese). 2013-01-09. Retrieved 2013-03-14. 
  2. ^ Mazur, Eligiusz, ed. (2006). World of Cars 2006·2007. Warsaw, Poland: Media Connection Sp. z o.o. p. 252. ISSN 1734-2945. 
  3. ^ "Kia Motors Taiwan". Retrieved 7 June 2013.