Kia Optima

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Kia Optima
2011 Kia Optima EX -- 02-28-2011.jpg
2011 Kia Optima EX (US)
Overview
Manufacturer Hyundai (2000–2005)
Kia Motors (2005–present)
Production 2000–present
Model years 2001-present
Body and chassis
Class Mid-size
Body style 4-door sedan
Layout Front engine, front wheel-drive
Chronology
Predecessor Kia Credos

The Kia Optima is a mid-size four-door sedan manufactured by Kia Motors since 2000 and marketed globally through various nameplates. First generation cars were mostly marketed as the Optima, although the Kia Magentis name was used in Europe and Canada when sales began there in 2002. For the second generation models, Kia used the Kia Lotze & Kia K5 name for the South Korean market, and the Magentis name globally, except in the United States and Malaysia where the Optima name was retained. The Optima name is now going to be used for all markets except China, where they will use the South Korean market name.

First generation (2000–2005)[edit]

First generation (MS)
01-02 Kia Optima.jpg
Overview
Also called Kia Magentis (Europe)
Kia Optima Regal (KDM Facelift)
Production 2000–2005
Assembly Hwasung Plant, Hwasung, South Korea
Yangcheng Plant, Jiangsu, China[citation needed]
Kaliningrad, Russia[1]
Body and chassis
Platform Hyundai-Kia Y4
Related Hyundai Santa Fe
Hyundai Sonata
Hyundai Trajet
Kia Sedona
Powertrain
Engine 2.4 L Sirius II I4, 150 hp
2.5 L Delta V6
2.7 L Delta V6, 138 kW (185 hp)
Transmission 4-speed automatic
5-speed manual
Dimensions
Wheelbase 2,700 mm (110 in)
Length 4,745 mm (186.8 in)
Width 2000–2005:1,815 mm (71.5 in)
2002–2005:1,820 mm (72 in)
Height 1,420 mm (56 in)

From 2000-2005 Optimas were a rebadged variant of the Hyundai Sonata, differing only from the Sonata in minor exterior styling details and equipment content.

In Australia, the Optima was introduced in May 2001, offered only with a 2.5L V6 engine, and choice of manual or automatic transmission. The updated Optima was offered with a new 2.7L engine, 4-speed automatic (the manual was dropped), and features such as full leather interior and alloy wheels were made standard. Thanks in part to better marketing, sales increased to 41,289 units in 2005, an all-time high. The Optima was sold until 2006, when it was replaced by the Magentis.

Update[edit]

The 2002 Optima received a minor update. The Optima was a luxurious version of Kia Optima sold in South Korea. The grille was redesigned for the United States in 2003 (2004 model year) to feature the Kia badge, and the headlamps were restyled for 2004 (2005 model year).

Total U.S. sales[edit]

Calendar Year Sales
2000 97
2001 25,912
2002 26,793
2003 34,681
2004 53,492
2005 41,349
2006 38,408

Second generation (2005–2010)[edit]

Second generation (MG)
2006-2008 Kia Optima LX.jpg
Overview
Also called Kia Magentis (Europe, Canada, Australia, Brazil)
Kia Lotze (South Korea)
Kia Lotze Advance (KDM Model Year)
Kia Lotze Innovation (KDM Facelift)
Production 2005–2010
Assembly Hwasung Plant, Hwasung, South Korea
Kaliningrad, Russia[2]
Body and chassis
Related Hyundai Sonata
Hyundai Grandeur/Azera
Kia Carens/Rondo
Powertrain
Engine 2.0L Theta 143hp I4 petrol
2.4L Theta 138-162hp I4 petrol
2.4L Theta II 175hp I4 petrol
2.7L Delta V6 170hp petrol (2005-2006)
2.7L Mu V6 185-194hp petrol (2007-2010)
2.0L CRDI VGT 140hp I4 diesel
Transmission 5-speed manual
4-speed automatic
5-speed automatic (Mu Engine only)
Dimensions
Wheelbase 2,720 mm (107 in)
Length 4,755–4,810 mm (187.2–189.4 in)
Width 1,820 mm (72 in)
Height 1,480 mm (58 in)

The second generation Optima, known as the Kia Magentis globally except the United States and Malaysia, and as the Kia Lotze in South Korea, was launched in South Korea in November 2005. This generation differed further from the Hyundai Sonata donor vehicle than the previous model. Unlike the previous Optima though, this vehicle uses a global platform, unique to Kia, designated "MG". The car continues to be built in South Korea and shares its 2.4 litre inline-four engine, five-speed Sportmatic automatic or five-speed manual transmission with the Sonata.

The Optima received a crash test rating of five stars from the NHTSA,[3] and four stars from EuroNCAP.[4]

Update[edit]

2010 Kia Optima EX (US)
2010 Kia Optima SX (US)

The Optima was revised and updated in 2008, debuting at the New York International Auto Show (as a 2009 model year). This update features new front-end styling and tail lamps. The design of the updated Optima was penned under the guidance of Peter Schreyer, Kia's chief design officer, and also former chief designer for Audi and Volkswagen. In addition to the revised exterior, length is also slightly increased by roughly 70 millimetres (2.8 in) to approximate 4,800 millimetres (190 in) long. There is also a new engine and the interior has also been revised.[5] Main changes in the interior are a redesigned instrument cluster and a Sirius Satellite Radio/AM/FM/MP3/CD with an auxiliary jack. In certain markets, the option of satellite navigation is offered.

The new Theta II 2.4 litre inline-four engine employs dual continuously variable valve timing (CVVT) and a variable intake system (VIS) to increase power to 131 kilowatts (176 hp) while returning improved fuel consumption over its predecessor. Torque is rated at 229 newton metres (169 lbf·ft) there is 2.0L for other markets middle east etc. a 2.0L 4cyl with 5 manual or 4 automatic gearbox with power 164 hp (122 kW) at 6200 rpm and 197 N·m (145 lb·ft) torque takes it from 0–100 km/h(0-60 mph) in 9.2sec for manual and 10.1 for auto with top speed up to 208 km/h (129 mph) outside the US. The 2.7 litre V6 has few changes to the previous model, though power is increased to 144 kilowatts (193 hp), and torque to 249 newton metres (184 lbf·ft) with standard 5speed automatic takes it from 0-60 mph (97 km/h) in 8.9sec with top speed up to 220 km/h (137 mph). A five-speed manual transmission is standard in the base model, and a five-speed automatic is included with mid- and high-end levels (or as an option in the base model).

2010 models see the addition of a Proximity Key with Push-Button Start and paddle shifters on SX models.

In Australia, the Magentis was introduced in August 2006, and replaced the Optima. Initially available with a choice of 2.4L 4-cylinder or 2.7L V6 engines, the Magentis sold poorly, with sales peaking at only 741 units in 2007. In 2008, the V6 engine was dropped, as was the Luxury model, leaving only the entry-level 2.4L EX model, which was sold at a heavily discounted price. In 2009, the Magentis was discontinued in Australia. While the facelifted 2010 model was never officially launched, a very small number were imported for "evaluation" purposes, and sold to the public as demos.

Third generation (2011-present)[edit]

Third generation (TF)
2011 Kia Optima SX -- 08-26-2011.jpg
Overview
Also called Kia K5 (South Korea, China, Indonesia)
Kia Optima K5 (Malaysia)
Production 2010-present
Assembly West Point, Georgia, USA[6]
Hwasung Plant, Hwasung, South Korea
Kaliningrad, Russia (Avtotor)
Oskemen, Kazakhstan (Azia Avto)
Kulim.Malaysia
Designer
Body and chassis
Related Hyundai Sonata (YF)
Powertrain
Engine 1.7 L U2 I4 CRDi turbo diesel 136hp
2.0 L Theta II I4 163hp
2.0 L Theta II GDI I4 (turbo) 274hp
2.4 L Theta II I4 178hp
2.4 L Theta II GDI I4 200hp
2.0L Nu CVVL
Transmission 6-speed automatic
6-speed manual
Dimensions
Wheelbase 2,795 mm (110.0 in)
Length 4,845 mm (190.7 in)
Width 1,835 mm (72.2 in)
Height 1,455 mm (57.3 in)
Curb weight 1,391–1,411 kg (3,067–3,111 lb)
1,535 kg (3,384 lb) (Turbo)
1,583 kg (3,490 lb) (Hybrid)
2011 Kia Optima EX (US)
A SilverCab owned Kia Optima in Singapore.

The completely redesigned Optima, sharing the same platorm as its sibling Hyundai i40, named the Kia K5 in the South Korean and China market, made its world debut at the 2010 New York Auto Show. It features a much sleeker, sportier profile designed by new Kia design chief Peter Schreyer, following the new design language featured on the Kia Forte, Kia Sorento, and upcoming Kia Sportage and Kia Cadenza — and using Kia's new corporate grille, known as the Tiger Nose, also designed by Schreyer. Lead designer of the TF in the team of Peter Schreyer and Miklos Kovacs was the Italian Davide Limongelli. For the first time, this model will be using the Optima name worldwide, where the Magentis name had been used previously.

As with its Hyundai Sonata sibling, the Optima's lineup has been replaced with a universal GDI 2.4 litre 4-cylinder engine, either mated to a 6-speed automatic transmission with Eco dash display, or to a 6-speed manual transmission that is only standard on the LX model. Sales began in Fall 2010. The new K5 was released in the South Korean market on 29 April 2010.

The new Optima retains its trim lines of the base LX, upscale EX, and sporty SX models. Standard equipment includes safety features such as electronic stability control (ESC) and ABS brakes, as well as Sirius Satellite Radio, cooled glove box, iPod connectivity, and handsfree Bluetooth phone operation. Starting in October, on LX models, Kia will offer the UVO infotainment system by Microsoft as part of the convenience package. EX model options include Kia's new UVO infotainment system by Microsoft, integrated backup camera, and Proximity Key with Push-Button Start. A panoramic moonroof, heated and cooled front seats, heated rear seats and a navigation system are also available. SX models add a rear spoiler, metal pedals, black hybrid metal and carbon insert trim, paddle shifters, and illuminated scuff plates.

A Hybrid model and a Turbo model have already been released. In addition, a wagon version will hit European markets, and two-door coupe version may arrive in the U.S. at a later date.[7] The turbo model will have the same powertrain as the Hyundai Sonata 2.0T.[8] The turbocharged model will have 274 hp (204 kW) and 269 lb·ft (365 N·m) of torque in the North American model.[9] The car is estimated to obtain 34 mpg-US (6.9 L/100 km; 41 mpg-imp) on the highway.[10]

The third generation Kia Optima is built and manufactured in West Point, Georgia which began in 2011 with the 2012 model.

In Australia, the new Optima went on sale in January 2011. Initially available in only one grade, the highly specified "Platinum", it was later joined by an entry-level "Si" model in the 2012 model year. Both models feature a 2.4L GDI engine with 6-speed automatic. A manual is not offered.

The facelifted 2014 model was unveiled at the 2013 New York International Auto Show in March.

Reception[edit]

In a March 2012 comparison test by Car and Driver, the Optima came in third place out of six cars behind the first place Volkswagen Passat and the second place Honda Accord.[11]

Engines[edit]

Model Engine type Power, torque@rpm Note
Diesel engines
1.7 CRDi 1,685 cc (102.8 cu in) I4 U2 136 PS (100 kW; 134 hp) @ 4000 rpm
33.7 kg·m (330 N·m; 244 lbf·ft) @ 2000-2500 rpm
Europe
2.0 CRDi 1,991 cc (121.5 cu in) I4 D4EA 125 PS (92 kW; 123 hp) @ 4000 rpm
29 kg·m (280 N·m; 210 lbf·ft) @ 2000-2500 rpm
Europe
Petrol engines
2.0 MPI 1,998 cc (121.9 cu in) I4 Theta II 165 PS (121 kW; 163 hp) @ 6200 rpm
20.2 kg·m (198 N·m; 146 lbf·ft) @ 4600 rpm
Europe and Middle East
2.4 MPI 2,359 cc (144.0 cu in) I4 Theta II 180 PS (132 kW; 178 hp) @ 6000 rpm
23.6 kg·m (231 N·m; 171 lbf·ft) @ 4000 rpm
Europe, Middle East and South Africa
2.0L Turbo 1,998 cc (121.9 cu in) I4 turbo Theta II 274 hp (204 kW; 278 PS) @ 6000 rpm
269 lbf·ft (365 N·m) @ 1750 rpm
North America
2.4L GDI 2,359 cc (144.0 cu in) I4 Theta II 200 hp (149 kW; 203 PS) @ 6300 rpm
186 lbf·ft (252 N·m) @ 4250 rpm
North America, Australia and South Africa (Since 2013)

Source:[10][12][13]

Hybrid version[edit]

2011 Kia Optima Hybrid (US)

The 2011 Kia Optima Hybrid was unveiled at the 2010 Los Angeles Auto Show, and was launched in the U.S. market in November 2011. During its first month in the market sold 524 units.[14] Considering cumulative sales in the U.S. market through December 2011, with 19,672 units sold, together the Hyundai Sonata Hybrid and the Kia Optima Hybrid ranked second in hybrid sales for calendar year 2011, after the Toyota Prius.[15]

The Optima Hybrid uses the Hyundai Sonata Hybrid powertrain, combining a 2.4-liter engine with a six-speed automatic transmission, and a 30kW electric motor and lightweight lithium polymer batteries to produce a full gasoline-electric hybrid with an estimated 37 miles per US gallon (6.4 L/100 km; 44 mpg-imp) city and 39 miles per US gallon (6.0 L/100 km; 47 mpg-imp) highway.[16] The Optima Hybrid is able to travel up to 100 km/h (62 mph) in full electric mode, which helps it stand apart from many competitors.[17] Korean and European markets will get the Optima Hybrid with a 2.0-litre turbocharged engine.[18]

There are no externally apparent features that differentiate it from the Kia Optima except for the hybrid badge, different wheel discs, a lowered ride height by approximately 1 inch (25 mm), and special light platinum graphite paint color. It also has active cooling vents behind the grille, allowing the car to redirect airflow to the electric motor and its components when the gas engine's heat levels allow (such as when the car is operating in total electric, or before the gas engine is fully warmed up).[citation needed]

In September 2011, the Optima Hybrid set a Guinness World Record for "Lowest Fuel Consumption in a Hybrid Gasoline Vehicle" while driving across the continental United States for 14 days, starting from the Kia factory in West Point, Georgia. In its 7,899-mile drive across the 48 states, the car recorded an average of 64.55 miles per gallon while consuming a total of five and a half tanks of gasoline. In order to qualify for the record, the car had two people and luggage throughout the entire trip.[19][20]

Motorsport[edit]

The third generation Kia Optima is an official entry in the Pirelli World Challenge. In June 2012, Michael Galati drove the Infinity Audio-sponsored Optima to Kia's first victory in round 8 of the 2012 season at Canadian Tire Motorsport Park in Bowmanville, Ontario, Canada, while teammate Mark Wilkins finished in second-place.[21]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

 
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  1. ^ "Группа компаний Автотор :: Автомобили KIA". Avtotor.ru. Retrieved 31 July 2010. 
  2. ^ "Kia vehicles assembly by Avtotor". Avtotor.ru. Retrieved 30 October 2010. 
  3. ^ "internationallanding". Kia.com. Retrieved 2 November 2009. 
  4. ^ "Kia Magentis Review". Carpages.co.uk. Retrieved 2 November 2009. 
  5. ^ Redesigned 2009 Kia Optima Debuts in New York 20 March 2008, The Torque Report
  6. ^ By  Chris Shunk RSS feed. "Kia adding optima production line to georgia plant". Autoblog.com. Retrieved 25 February 2012. 
  7. ^ "Kia to launch Magentis estate". Autocar.co.uk. 19 April 2010. Retrieved 30 October 2010. 
  8. ^ "Optima Turbo". Kiaturbo.com.com. 14 April 2011. Retrieved 31 April 2011. 
  9. ^ "Specs". Turbosonata.com. 27 April 2010. Retrieved 31 July 2010. 
  10. ^ a b "Specifications". kia.com. Retrieved 6 January 2011. 
  11. ^ "2013 Chevrolet Malibu Eco vs. 2012 Honda Accord EX-L, 2012 Hyundai Sonata SE, 2012 Kia Optima EX, 2012 Toyota Camry SE, 2012 Volkswagen Passat 2.5 SE". 
  12. ^ "Specification". www.kiamotors.com. Retrieved 6 January 2011. 
  13. ^ "Specification". 
  14. ^ John O'Dell (6 December 2011). "Hybrid Sales Soar In November". Edmunds.com. Retrieved 7 December 2011. 
  15. ^ "December 2011 Dashboard: Sales Still Climbing". HybridCARS.com. 9 January 2012. Retrieved 10 January 2012. 
  16. ^ "Kia Optima Hybrid Coming in 2011". HybridCars.com. 23 September 2010. Retrieved 26 September 2010. 
  17. ^ "2012 Kia Optima Hybrid Review". Automoblog.net. 14 July 2012. Retrieved 14 July 2012. 
  18. ^ Car supermarkets (22 March 2011). "Kia Optima hybrid driven - Car and Car-Buying News - What Car?". Whatcar.com. Retrieved 25 February 2012. 
  19. ^ Woodyard, Chris (13 September 2011). "Kia Optima Hybrid sets hypermiling fuel economy record". USA Today. Retrieved 17 November 2012. 
  20. ^ Welsh, Jonathan (13 September 2011). "Kia Optima Sets Guinness Record for Fuel Economy". The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved 17 November 2012. 
  21. ^ "Kia Racing Scores First Pirelli World Challenge Victory as Galati and Wilkins Bring Infinity Audio Optimas Home First and Second in Canada". PR Newswire. 23 June 2012. Retrieved 17 November 2012. 

External links[edit]