Kiambere Dam

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Kiambere Hydro Power Plant)
Jump to: navigation, search
Kiambere Dam
Kiambere Dam is located in Kenya
Kiambere Dam
Location of Kiambere Dam
Country Kenya
Location Kiambere, Embu County/Kitui County, Eastern Province
Coordinates 0°38′25.10″S 37°54′31.98″E / 0.6403056°S 37.9088833°E / -0.6403056; 37.9088833Coordinates: 0°38′25.10″S 37°54′31.98″E / 0.6403056°S 37.9088833°E / -0.6403056; 37.9088833
Purpose Power
Status Operational
Construction began 1983
Opening date 1987; 28 years ago (1987)
Dam and spillways
Type of dam Embankment, earth-fill
Impounds Tana River
Height 110 m (360 ft)
Length 1,000 m (3,300 ft)
Total capacity 585,000,000 m3 (474,000 acre·ft)
Power station
Name Kiambere Power Station
Coordinates 0°35′59.04″S 37°53′18.20″E / 0.5997333°S 37.8883889°E / -0.5997333; 37.8883889
Operator(s) Kenya Electricity Generating Company
Commission date 1988/2009
Type Conventional
Hydraulic head 150.5 m (494 ft)
Turbines 2 x 82.5 MW Francis-type
Installed capacity 165 MW (221,000 hp)

The Kiambere Dam is an earth-filled embankment dam on the Tana River near Kiambere, Kenya. It straddles the border of Embu and Kitui Counties in Eastern Province. The primary purpose of the dam is hydroelectric power generation and it supports a 165 MW power station. Construction on the dam began in 1983 and it was completed in 1987. The power station was commissioned in 1988. Beginning in 2008 both turbine-generators were upgraded from 72 MW to 82.5 MW. They were commissioned in 2009.[1] US$95 million in funding for the original project was provided by the World Bank. The power station is operated by Kenya Electricity Generating Company and is part of the Seven Forks Scheme.[2][3]

The 110 m (360 ft) tall dam withholds a 585,000,000 m3 (474,000 acre·ft) reservoir with the assistance of another earth-fill saddle dam to the northwest. Water from an intake on the saddle dam travels through a 4,060 m (13,320 ft) headrace tunnel to the power station which is located underground. It contains two 82.5 MW Francis turbine-generators. Water released from the power station is returned to the Tana via a 1.4 km (0.87 mi) long tailrace tunnel. The difference in elevation between the reservoir and power station affords a hydraulic head of 150.5 m (494 ft).[4][5]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Optimisation of Kiambere Hydro Power Project". UN CDM. 5 August 2013. Retrieved 22 February 2015. 
  2. ^ "Kiambere Power Station". Kengen. Retrieved 22 February 2015. 
  3. ^ "Kenya - Kiambere Hydroelectric Project (English)". World Bank. Retrieved 21 February 2015. 
  4. ^ "Kenya - Appraisal of the Kiambere Hydroelectric Project". World Bank. 15 November 1983. pp. Annex 5. Retrieved 21 February 2015. 
  5. ^ "Hydropower - Our References". WSP. Retrieved 22 February 2015.