Kiatassuaq Island

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Kiatassuaq
Melville-bay-hunting-boat.jpg
Icebergs and late morning fog near the northern shore of Kiatassuaq Island
Kiatassuaq Island is located in Greenland
Kiatassuaq Island
Kiatassuaq Island (Greenland)
Geography
Location Greenland
Coordinates 74°30′45″N 56°58′0″W / 74.51250°N 56.96667°W / 74.51250; -56.96667Coordinates: 74°30′45″N 56°58′0″W / 74.51250°N 56.96667°W / 74.51250; -56.96667
Archipelago Upernavik Archipelago
Area 180.9 km2 (69.8 sq mi)[1]
Length 32.76 km (20.356 mi)
Width 15.86 km (9.855 mi)
Coastline 81.8 km (50.83 mi)[1]
Country
Greenland
Municipality Qaasuitsup

Kiatassuaq Island (old spelling: Kiatagssuaq, Danish: Holm Ø) is an uninhabited island in the Melville Bay region of the Upernavik Archipelago in the Qaasuitsup municipality in northwestern Greenland.

History[edit]

The name of the island means "a large torso" in the Greenlandic language. Initially, before the northbound migration phase of the 1920s, the island was named differently: "Nuussuaq Ungalleq", or the farther large point, in reference to Nuussuaq Peninsula and Nuussuaq settlement, with both names translating as "large tip".[2]

Geography[edit]

The central mountain ridge in the interior of the island

Located in the southern part of Melville Bay, Kiatassuaq Island has an elongated shape, with an east-west orientation. It has an area of 180.9 km2 (69.8 sq mi), with a shoreline of 81.8 km (50.8 mi).[1] Kullorsuaq is the closest settlement to Kiatassuaq Island, located on an island of the same name, 6.5 km (4.0 mi) to the north. Kiatassuaq Island is accessible only by boat.

The island is separated from the Sanningassorsuaq Peninsula on the mainland of Greenland by the Ikerasaa Strait.[3] The strait is split into two channels, with the small Millissua Island straddling the middle. In the northeast, the Alison Bay separates the island from the Wandel Land nunatak. In the north, the Saqqarlersuup Sullua separates the island from the smaller, rocky Saqqarlersuaq Island and Kullorsuaq Island.[3]

Coastline[edit]

The coastline of the island is generally undeveloped, with small inlets only in its eastern end, near the Ikerasaa Strait and the sibling Milissua Island.[3]

Promontories[edit]

Name Direction Latitude N Longitude W
(none) Northern Cape 74°33′42″ 56°40′15″
Aukarnersuaq Northeastern Cape 74°31′42″ 56°28′13″
(none) Eastern Cape 74°30′18″ 56°24′16″
(none) Southern Cape 74°28′10″ 57°06′30″
Wilcox Head Western Cape 74°29′25″ 57°30′45″

Although the southern boundary of Melville Bay is arbitrary, it is Wilcox Head, the western cape of Kiatassuaq Island, which is the most commonly referred to as the southern limit of the bay. Other definitions limit the bay to the Little Renland nunatak farther north where the coastline of mainland Greenland veers to the northwest, or expand it southwards to Nuussuaq Peninsula, on the other side of Inussulik Bay.

Lakes and Mountains[edit]

There is a number of smaller mountain lakes on the island, and one larger Tasersuaq Lake at the lower, eastern end of the island.[3] The island is very mountainous, with a glaciated ridge spanning its entire length. The highest point on the island is an unnamed peak of 940 m (3,080 ft) in the center of the island. Several other summits of the island ridge exceed 700 m (2,300 ft), from the massif overlooking Tasersuaq Lake in the east to the bastion over the Wilcox Head promontory in the west.[3]

The mountainous coastline seen from the north (left) and south (right) − the partially glaciated central mountain ridge dominates the geography of Kiatassuaq island.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Island Directory". United Nations Environment Programme. Retrieved 17 August 2010. 
  2. ^ Petersen, Robert (2003). Settlements, kinship and hunting grounds in traditional Greenland: A comparative study of local experiences from Upernavik and Ammassalik. Danish Polar Center. p. 34. ISBN 978-87-635-1261-9. 
  3. ^ a b c d e Upernavik Avannarleq, Saga Map, Tage Schjøtt, 1992