Cowan Spectrum (basketball)
Kibbie Dome's west side in 2010
|Former names||Idaho Stadium (1971–74)|
|Location||S. Rayburn St.,
Moscow, Idaho 83844
|Owner||University of Idaho|
|Operator||University of Idaho|
|Surface||RealGrass Pro (2007– )
Tartan Turf (1972–1989)
Natural grass (1971)
|Broke ground||February 1971|
|Opened||September 27, 1975
39 years ago
October 9, 1971 (outdoor)
42 years ago
as new "Idaho Stadium"
|Construction cost||$7.84 million|
|Idaho Vandals (NCAA)
(1971–present) - football
(1976–present) - basketball, track, tennis
The William H. Kibbie-ASUI Activity Center (commonly known as the Kibbie Dome) is a multi-purpose indoor athletic stadium in Moscow, Idaho, on the campus of the University of Idaho. It is the home of the Idaho Vandals and is used for intercollegiate competition in four sports: football, basketball, tennis, and indoor track & field.
The Kibbie Dome opened as an outdoor concrete football stadium in October 1971, built on the same site of the demolished wooden Neale Stadium (1937–68), seen in this early 1950s photo. Following the 1974 football season, a barrel-arched roof and vertical end walls were added in ten months and the stadium re-opened as an enclosed facility in September 1975.
With just 16,000 permanent seats, it is currently the smallest home stadium for college football in Division I FBS (formerly Division I-A). Since February 2001, the Kibbie Dome has been reconfigured for basketball games and is referred to as the Cowan Spectrum, seating 7,000. The elevation of the playing surface is 2,610 feet (800 m) above sea level.
The stadium was built in stages and took several years to complete. Originally, the new football stadium was to be outdoors and seat over 23,000 spectators, with an adjacent 10,000 seat indoor arena for basketball. The PCAA conference had been launched in 1969 and Idaho was attempting to join, but political wrangling in the state legislature and subsequent budget cuts caused a change in the scope of the stadium project. This ensured that Idaho could not make the move to the PCAA; the Vandals remained in the Big Sky Conference with the other state schools, Idaho State and new member Boise State. By the time Idaho finally did join the PCAA in 1996, the conference had changed its name to the Big West.
The revised plan was for a smaller capacity football stadium, to be enclosed to allow use as a basketball arena (and indoor track and tennis as well). This multi-purpose concept had been recently used at Idaho State in Pocatello, where the Minidome (now Holt Arena) had opened in 1970.
Construction on the concrete grandstands started in February 1971, after a fire destroyed the previously condemned wooden Neale Stadium in November 1969. The stadium, which opened in 1937, had been condemned the summer before the 1969 season due to soil erosion beneath the grandstands. The Vandal football team played its limited home schedule for the next two seasons at WSU's Rogers Field in Pullman.
After a fire significantly damaged Rogers Field's south grandstand in April 1970, WSU moved all of its 1970 and 1971 home games to Joe Albi Stadium in Spokane, but the Vandals remained at Rogers in Pullman for four "home" games in 1970. The Vandals' game with WSU on September 19 in Spokane was dubbed the "Displaced Bowl." A lopsided 44-16 win for the Cougars, it was WSU's only victory in a stretch of 22 games.
Back in Moscow, weather-related construction delays in the spring put the new "Idaho Stadium" a month behind schedule. The 1971 Vandals played their first two "home" games well away from campus, in Boise for the opener and Spokane two weeks later. Uncompleted, the stadium debuted on October 9 with a 40–3 victory over Idaho State before 14,200; it was the first football game on campus in nearly 3 years. The Vandals went 8–3 in 1971, which included a school-record eight-game winning streak, and won the Big Sky title. For its first four seasons (1971–74), the stadium was outdoors. In the summer of 1972, a Tartan Turf field was installed over a four-inch asphalt bed, with a roll-up mechanism behind the west end zone. The one-piece field was the first in the world. In November 1974, approval was finally granted by the board of regents to enclose the stadium. The arched roof and vertical end walls were completed in time for the 1975 football season's home opener on September 27, a deflating 14-29 loss to Idaho State in front of 14,079.
The enclosed stadium was renamed that year for William H. Kibbie, a construction executive from Salt Lake City and a primary benefactor of the project; he contributed $300,000 in 1974 to initiate the funding drive. Bill Kibbie (1918–1988), originally of Bellevue in Blaine County, was a UI student for less than a month in 1936 when he withdrew due to family hardship. He entered the construction business, then served as a B-24 pilot in World War II, and eventually headed JELCO (later EMKO), a major contracting company in Utah. The acronym "ASUI" is for the "Associated Students of the University of Idaho," the student government.
When the university announced it would enclose its football stadium, the fledgling Trus-Joist Company of Boise bid on and won the project. While steel and aluminum were the products of the day for domes and large unsupported buildings, Trus-Joist saw the UI stadium as a chance to demonstrate the strength, durability, and economy of their engineered wood products. From the final design to the end of construction, the enclosure project took just 10 months and $1 million to complete. In 1976, the Kibbie Dome roof won the "Structural Engineering Achievement Award" from the American Society of Civil Engineers. TJ International, the successor to Trus-Joist, was acquired by Weyerhaeuser in late 1999.
Following the first indoor football season, the asphalt base underneath the field was covered with Tartan polyurethane in January 1976. The first basketball game was played on January 21, and the inaugural Vandal Invitational indoor track meet was held three days later.
The Kibbie Dome's roof spans 400 feet (122 m) from sideline-to-sideline, and its maximum height is 150 feet (46 m) above the hashmarks. (Holt Arena, completed in 1970 on the campus of Idaho State University in Pocatello, has an opposite geometry: its arched roof spans the length of the football field, rather than its width, resulting in a very low roof at the end lines and goal posts.)
Soon after completion in 1975, problems arose with the roof's exterior. The 4.5-acre (1.8 ha) outer surface of Hypalon and underlying polyurethane foam were improperly applied and a second attempt to seal the roof with Diathon in the late 1970s did not succeed. Leaks were occurring and wood rot was a potential problem by 1980. An infrared scan of the roof in the spring of 1981 showed that half of it was moist and the insulating foam was in poor condition. Various stopgap measures were taken to stop the leaks in 1981. After an extended period of finger-pointing and threatened legal action, an out-of-court settlement was reached. A new superstructure with a composite roof was built over the original. Completed in the fall of 1982, coinciding with the completion of the East End Addition, the second roof shielded the first and solved the problem.
The Kibbie Dome officially seats just 16,000 for football, making it the smallest venue in Division I FBS (formerly Division I-A). A record crowd of 17,600 was recorded for the eighth consecutive rivalry game victory over Boise State in November 1989, during the schools' I-AA Big Sky era. The football field runs an unorthodox east-west, but even with the new translucent upper end walls (2009 and 2011), sun location is not a major visibility issue.
For two and a half seasons, 1999 to 2001, the Vandals used WSU's Martin Stadium in nearby Pullman as its home field, as Idaho transitioned back to Division I-A from Division I-AA. When Dennis Erickson returned as head coach in 2006, there was talk of adding a second deck to the Kibbie Dome to increase the football seating to 25,000, and building a new basketball arena. In February 2007, the state board of education appropriated funds to study expansion possibilities. On December 6, the board approved funding to begin design work for $52 million in improvements, including an expansion to 20,000 seats, lowering the elevation of the playing field, and other various safety and spectator improvements.
When not used for football, the former AstroTurf football field was rolled up in about an hour to reveal 93,000 square feet (2.1 acres; 0.86 hectares) of polyurethane tartan surface, used for indoor tennis and track & field. The five-lane track is 290 metres (320 yards) in length, and 9 tennis courts are lined on its infield. Basketball and volleyball courts are also lined on the tartan infield. The AstroTurf was spooled onto a large field-width reel at the base of the west wall.
In 1990, the original synthetic turf (Tartan Turf) of 1972 was replaced after 18 seasons, which included three years outdoors. In the summer of 2007, the Kibbie Dome's AstroTurf was replaced with RealGrass Pro, a next-generation infilled synthethic turf similar to Field Turf. Unlike the carpet-like AstroTurf, the infilled synthetic turf is not easily rolled up in a continuous reel, and must be removed in sections. The turf sections are five yards (4.6 m) in width, running from sideline to sideline, attached to each other with velcro. Other stadiums with RealGrass Pro include Texas Stadium (the former home of the Dallas Cowboys), and the Alamodome in San Antonio.
Life and safety upgrades to the Kibbie Dome began in the spring of 2009. The west wall was replaced with a non-combustible construction assembly; translucent plastic panels on the upper half and opaque metal siding on the lower. Concurrent with the end-wall replacement, a range of interior life safety work took place: field level exiting in the new west wall, addition of handrails in the seating aisles, provision of the required smoke exhaust systems; and other life safety and code mitigation improvements. The second phase of the project was completed in 2011 with the replacement of the east wall. A premium seating area (Litehouse Center) was established in 2011 in the former press box area above the south grandstand; a new press box was constructed above the north grandstand.
The stadium has also served as the home of the Vandal basketball teams, providing increased seating capacity over the venerable Memorial Gym (built in 1928), a block to the east. The basketball court is positioned at midfield on the south sideline, in front of the press box and the south grandstand, with temporary seating on the north, east, and west. The first basketball game was played against WSU on January 21, 1976 , commemorated with a visit by Vandal great Gus Johnson. The main court was originally smooth tartan rubber, poured directly onto the pavement floor, resulting in a very hard and unforgiving surface, but resulted in a tremendous home court advantage under head coach Don Monson in the early 1980s. After eight seasons, it was replaced with a conventional hardwood floor in the fall of 1983.
During basketball games, the converted Kibbie Dome is now referred to as the Cowan Spectrum, named for Bob and Jan Cowan, who financed the current configuration. Since February 2001, the new basketball layout has been separated from the rest of the stadium by massive black curtains to give the court a more intimate "stadium-within-a-stadium" feel, with a reduced seating capacity of 7,000. Temporary Daktronics scoreboards are placed over the north and south stands during games. (video)
During the early 1980s, with Don Monson as head coach, the Kibbie Dome was considered one of the 20 toughest home courts in college basketball by Sports Illustrated. Additional temporary seating was gradually increased on the north basketball sideline and attendance exceeded 11,000 for several games during the 1982–83 season. From January 1980 to February 1983, the Vandals won 43 consecutive home games, and Monson's home record in his final four seasons was 51–2 (.962). The venue hosted three Big Sky Conference men's basketball tournaments (by winning the regular season title), in 1981, 1982, and 1993. (The Vandals departed the Big Sky for the Big West in 1996, then to the WAC in 2005.)
Since its enclosure in 1975, the Kibbie Dome has undergone several significant additions. The East End Addition was completed in the fall of 1982, providing the entire athletic department with locker rooms, offices, a weight room, athletic training facility, and equipment room. The formal dedication and open house for the $3.9 million addition was held in late October. Until the addition, the football and basketball teams, both Vandals and visitors, dressed in the Memorial Gym and made the lengthy walk (or run) west to the Kibbie Dome, often in rain or snow. This had been the practice for UI football for over forty years, since the opening of Neale Stadium in 1937.
In April 2004, the facilities were again enhanced with the addition of the 8,000-square-foot (740 m2) Vandal Athletic Center, designed by Opsis Architecture, home to the Norm and Becky Iverson Speed and Strength Center; the renovation of the men’s and women’s basketball, football, and volleyball locker rooms, and the addition of a state-of-the-art hydrotherapy pool (ARC).
Adjacent practice fields
August 2005 saw the installation of infilled SprinTurf on the former natural grass practice field east of the Kibbie Dome. The days of "off-limits" were eliminated, as UI students acquired state-of-the-art playing fields available for year-round use. A field that previously had just 300 usable hours annually as an "intercollegiate athletics only" field (primarily for natural turf varsity football practice), is now available for up to 2000 hours per year. The project was funded through the Kibbie Dome turf replacement fund; the $1.2 million SprinTurf project included lighting and fencing.
The two 75-yard (69 m) fields are adequate for team practice for football (and soccer, lacrosse, rugby, and other sports) as well as for intramural competition, but short enough to have two fields in the space available. Each field is a full half-field (with end zone & goal post) plus an additional 15 yards (14 m) beyond the 50-yard line. An unmarked 10-yard (9 m) median separates the two fields; the total length, with end zones, is 160 yards (146 m) and runs north-south. The former natural turf fields were lined as a regulation football field running north-south, with a half field at the north end running east-west. An added benefit of the synthetic surface is an estimated $50,000 annual savings in field maintenance costs.
On the west side of the Kibbie Dome is the Dan O'Brien outdoor track & field stadium, which hosted its first meet in 1972 and was renamed in 1996 for the Olympic gold medalist world champion and former world record holder in the decathlon. A concrete grandstand at the finish area (southeast corner) has a seating capacity of 1,000. The first all-weather surface lasted less than a decade and was replaced in 1980. The facility underwent a major renovation in 2011 to host the 2012 WAC outdoor championships. South of the Dome is the university's 18-hole golf course, a challenging track due to its rolling Palouse terrain. A par-72 course with terraced fairways and significant changes in elevation, its back tees measure 6,637 yards (6,069 m), with a course rating of 72.4, and a 135 slope rating. The course opened in 1937 with nine holes, then expanded from 1968–70, with the present clubhouse opening in 1969. To the east is the Memorial Gymnasium (1928), the swim center and the physical education building (both 1970), and six outdoor tennis courts. Four additional tennis courts are on the east side of campus, at the southeast corner of the Administration Lawn.
About a half mile north (800 m) of the Dome are expansive natural grass intramural fields, west of the Wallace dormitories. Included here is the women's soccer field, in the far northwest corner bounded by Perimeter Road. Towards the center is Guy Wicks Field, the baseball field since the late 1960s. (Baseball was dropped as a varsity sport after the 1980 season, after more than 80 seasons, but continues as a club sport.)
- "Idaho bigwigs gather for dome dedication". Spokesman-Review. October 10, 1975. p. 26.
- "Under construction: architect's drawing". Lewiston Morning Tribune. photo. June 11, 1971. p. 18.
- Terraserver.homeadvisor.msn.com - topo map - UI campus - accessed 2009-09-17
- UI Argonaut
- "Idaho officials told stadium will be ready". Lewiston Morning Tribune. August 27, 1971. p. 17.
- "Work pace brisk on new Idaho football plant". Spokane Daily Chronicle. photos. September 30, 1971. p. 29.
- "Real homecoming". Spokesman-Review. October 8, 1971. p. 27.
- Wakeley, Dan (October 11, 1971). "Idaho likes home play". Spokane Daily Chronicle. p. 15.
- "Kibbie Dome work behind schedule". Ellensburg Daily Record. UPI. December 30, 1975. p. 9.
- "Football field rolls up". (Cape Girardeau) Southeast Missourian. February 22, 1973. p. 12.
- Martin, Vicki (November 11, 1974). "Regents OK stadium roof". Lewiston Morning Tribune. p. 9.
- Emerson, Paul (September 28, 1975). "Early ISU burst brings down roof on Vandal debut". Lewiston Morning Tribune. p. B1.
- Smith, Christopher (February 12, 1988). "William Kibbie dies in car crash". (Moscow) Idahonian. p. 1.
- Payne, Bob (January 11, 1976). "Kibbie Dome about to become track center, too". Spokesman-Review. p. D7.
- Emerson, Paul (January 13, 1976). "Shaving it close in Kibbie Dome". Lewiston Morning Tribune. p. 1-sports.
- Payne, Bob (January 18, 1976). "Idaho track, hoop soaring". Spokesman-Review. p. D5.
- Emerson, Paul (January 21, 1976). "Dome opener". Lewiston Morning Tribune. p. 1B.
- "Kibbie track should be ready". Lewiston Morning Tribune. January 23, 1976. p. 3B.
- Spotleson, Bruce (January 25, 1976). "Feuerbach, Cougars steal show in dome". Lewiston Morning Tribune. p. 1B.
- Payne, Bob (January 26, 1976). "Initial Vandal Indoor called 'artistic'". Spokesman-Review. p. 13.
- Spotleson, Bruce (January 27, 1976). "Dome has every ingredient but track fans". Lewiston Morning Tribune. p. 1B.
- Moulton, Kristen (June 30, 1981). "Kibbie Dome leaks bring suit". Lewiston Morning Tribune. p. 1A.
- Carrier, Rebecca (July 1, 1981). "Lawsuit springs from dome's leak". Spokane Daily Chronicle. p. 3.
- "The sun shines through the roof...". Spokesman-Review. photo. July 14, 1981. p. 8.
- "Dome roof: If at first you don't succeed...". Lewiston Morning Tribune. November 3, 1981. p. 3B.
- "Kibbie Dome roof repairs". Lewiston Morning Tribune. photo. November 5, 1981. p. 1C.
- Moulton, Kristen (December 12, 1981). "Kibbie Dome's drip is conquered". Lewiston Morning Tribune. p. 1C.
- "Contractors seek Kibbie Dome repair bid". Lewiston Morning Tribune. June 23, 1982. p. 1B.
- "Lawyers ponder options in Kibbie Dome claims". Lewiston Morning Tribune. Associated Press. September 3, 1982. p. 6C.
- Ledford, David (September 1, 1982). "Roof of Kibbie Dome receiving 'umbrella'". Spokane Chronicle. p. 5.
- "If it rains or it snows". Gem of the Mountains, University of Idaho yearbook. 1978. p. 276.
- "Continuing controversies". Gem of the Mountains, University of Idaho yearbook. 1981. p. 68.
- "The saga of the leaky dome". Gem of the Mountains, University of Idaho yearbook. 1983. p. 82.
- Barrows, Bob (January 20, 1976). "Idaho cage great Gus Johnson returns to Palouse". Lewiston Morning Tribune. p. 1B.
- Spotleson, Bruce (January 22, 1976). "WSU also captures alumni game 74-63". Lewiston Morning Tribune. p. 1B.
- Killen, John (December 5, 1982). "Vandals nip Cougars in OT, 62-58". Lewiston Morning Tribune. p. 1B.
- "Snap! Montana breaks it all to stop Idaho". Lewiston Morning Tribune. February 13, 1983. p. 1B.
- "Open house planned at dome addition". Lewiston Morning Tribune. October 20, 1982. p. 7C.
- "Collie Mack leads Idaho cinder win on new track". Lewiston Morning Tribune. April 23, 1972. p. 13.
- "UI to get new track". Lewiston Morning Tribune. August 26, 1979. p. 4C.
- "Vandals go outside to open new track". Spokesman-Review. April 4, 1981. p. 18.
- University of Idaho - Facilities Services - Dan O'Brien Track Complex Renovation - accessed 2011-11-20
- USGA.org - Univ. of Idaho Golf Course
- Goodwin, Dale (May 13, 1980). "Baseball's 'out' at Idaho". Spokesman-Review. p. 19.
- Vandal Athletics - Kibbie Dome history
- University of Idaho: Campus Buildings - Kibbie-ASUI Activity Center - 1975
- World Stadiums.com - Kibbie Dome
- Go Vandals.com - UI Athletic facilities
- Vandal Athletic Center 2004
- UI Athletics.com - SprinTurf project - Summer 2005 - photo gallery
- GoVandals.com - RealGrass Pro project - Summer 2007
- University of Idaho Alumni Hall of Fame - 1978 - William H. Kibbie class of 1940
- University of Idaho Alumni Hall of Fame - 2004 - Robert G. Cowan '59
- Erickson Era II off to solid start - The Seattle Times 7 September 2006
- Essay on Art Troutner - Idaho Public Television
- UI Argonaut - "Trials and Tribulations" - 6 April 2007
- State Board of Education approves Kibbie Dome expansion - The Idaho Statesman - 7 December 2007
- Neale Stadium - early 1950s photo
- Aerial photo (& topographic map) of UI campus from USGS via Microsoft Research Maps