|Orders of magnitude of data|
The unit was established by the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) in 1998 and has been accepted for use by all major standards organizations. It was designed to replace the kilobyte in some computer science contexts, where used to mean 1024 bytes. The use of the term "kilobyte" to denote 1024 bytes, conflicting with the SI definition of the prefix kilo (= 1000), is still common in some computer science contexts.
- 1 kibibyte = 210 bytes = 1024 bytes.
The prefix kibi is derived as a portmanteau of the words kilo and binary, indicating its origin in the closeness in value to the SI prefix kilo (1000). While the SI prefix is written with lowercase (k), the IEC prefix uses an uppercase letter.
The kibibyte is closely related to the kilobyte. The latter term is often used in some contexts as a synonym for kibibyte, but formally refers to 103 bytes = 1000 bytes, as the prefix kilo- is defined in the International System of Units.
The binary interpretation of the metric prefixes causes relatively small differences with the smallest prefixes in the series, i.e. for kilo and mega, but grows to substantial differences beyond (see binary prefix: deviation between powers of 1024 and powers of 1000).
In Introduction to MMIX, Donald Knuth proposed that this unit be called a large kilobyte (abbreviated KKB). Other early proposals included using the Greek lowercase letter κ (kappa) for 1024 bytes (and using k exclusively for 1000), bK, KB, and others. See binary prefix: early suggestions.
Binary prefixes are increasingly used in scientific literature and open source software. In product advertising and other non-scientific publications, the kilobyte sometimes refers to a power of ten and sometimes a power of two.
- International Electrotechnical Commission (2007). "Prefixes for binary multiples". Retrieved 2014-01-09.
- International Electrotechnical Commission (January 1999), IEC 60027-2 Amendment 2: Letter symbols to be used in electrical technology - Part 2: Telecommunications and electronics
- "What is a kilobyte?". Retrieved 2010-05-20.
- "Safier vs WDC complaint". WesternDigital.com. Retrieved 2007-11-15.[dead link]
- Rowlett, Brian (7 August 2005). "I've got a bigger gigabyte than you!". Independent Computer Products Users Group (ICPUG). Retrieved 2007-11-15.
- Barry Wittman; Aditya Mathur; Tim Korb (30 December 2012). Start Concurrent: An Introduction to Problem Solving in Java with a Focus on Concurrency, 2013 Edition. Purdue University Press. p. 5. ISBN 978-1-55753-672-3. Retrieved 1 May 2013.