Kiboga district was formed in 1991. It is predominantly a rural district. The district is traversed by a major highway linking Kampala, Uganda's capital city with Hoima, the base of Uganda's petrochemical industry. The district is administered by the Kiboga District Administration, with headquarters at Kiboga. In 2010, the district was split into two, the western part being set up as a separate district, Kyankwanzi District. The district is sub-divided into the following administrative units:
In 1991, the national population census estimated the district population at about 98,200. The 2002 national census estimated the population of the district at about 108,900, with an estimated annual population growth rate of 4.3%. In 2012 the population of Kiboga District was estimated at approximately 165,100.
The table below illustrates in numbers, the growth of the population in the district during the first decade of the 21st century. All figures are estimates.
Agriculture is the mainstay of the district economy. It is estimated that 80% of the district labor force are engaged in agriculture. Agriculture involves both crop and animal husbandry. Livestock agriculture is common in the western side of the district, known as the cattle corridor. Residents are engaged in subsistence agriculture, especially in the southern and eastern parts of the district. Crops grown include: