Kick scooter

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Two-wheeled, three-wheeled and four-wheeled scooters which appeared around 2000.

A kick scooter, push scooter or scooter, is a human-powered land vehicle with a handlebar, deck and wheels that is propelled by a rider pushing off the ground. The most common scooters today have two hard small wheels, are made primarily of aluminium and fold for convenience. Some kick scooters that are made for younger children have 3 or 4 wheels and are made of plastic or do not fold. High performance racing scooters made for adults resemble the old "penny-farthing" with a much larger wheel in front.

Models and history[edit]

Early scooters[edit]

Wooden scooter with a pair of roller skates

Primitive scooters have been hand-made in industrial urban areas for at least 100 years. One common homemade version is made by attaching roller skate wheel sets to a board with some kind of handle, usually an old box.[1] You can lean to turn, or by a second board connected by a crude pivot. The construction was all-wooden, with 3–4 inch (75–100 mm) wheels with steel ball bearings. An additional advantage of this construction was loud noise, just like from a "real" vehicle. An alternative construction consists of one steel clamp–on roller skate divided into front and rear parts and attached to a wood beam.

Pneumatic tires[edit]

Before bicycles became popular among children, steel scooters with two small bicycle wheels had been the most useful vehicles for them. Around 1987, many BMX manufacturers produced BMX-like scooters as Scoot.[2] Those manufacturers discontinued their scooters, but some scooter manufacturers were established after years, and still develop similar scooters today; Some are used in dense urban areas for utility purposes, being faster than a folding scooter and more convenient than a utility bicycle. Some are made for off-road use and are described as Mountain Scooters. Besides commuting, sports competition and off-road use, large wheel scooters are a favorite for Dog scootering where single or team dogs such as huskies pull a scooter and rider in the same way that a sled is pulled across snow. Some amish are not allowed to ride bicycles, so they ride scooters instead.[3] Today variations on the kicksled with scooter design features are also available, such as the Kickspark.

Kickbike[edit]

The development of the Kickbike[4] in Finland in 1994 changed the way scooters are viewed. The kickbike has a large standard size bicycle front wheel and a much smaller rear wheel, allowing a much faster ride. The Footbike Eurocup has been held since 2001.[5]

Folding scooters[edit]

Children on scooters

In 1996, a foldable aluminium scooter with inline skates wheels was created by Wim Ouboter of Micro Mobility Systems in Switzerland[6][7] The scooter was sold as "Micro Skate Scooter", "Razor" and "JDBUG/JDRAZOR MS-130A".[8] After the Razor was introduced to Japan in 1999, many young people in Tokyo began to use it as a portable transporter then it became a fad around the world, and such small scooters also became popular toys for children.[9]

Stunt scooter[edit]

Children on stunt scooters

A newer,stronger and modern version of scooters are 'stunt scooters'. They had been developed for to drive in halp pipes and to make tricks.

Due to the light weight, a new sport "freestyle scootering" was also born from the folding scooter. Today unfoldable professional scooters are produced by many manufacturers.

Large folding scooters[edit]

Folding kick scooters optimized for adults generally have more durable parts and are designed with wider decks, hand brake, and larger wheels,[10] for smoother transportation instead of less weight and portability. An example is the Xootr Street, which incorporates 180 mm (7.1 in) wheels with a maximum load of 300 lbs (136 kg).[11] Another example is the Go-Ped Know-Ped, which incorporates 6 in wheels with solid-rubber tires with a maximum load of 400 lbs (181 kg).[12]

Three wheels[edit]

A three-wheeled K2 Kickboard

Three-wheeled scooters like tricycles have been produced for little children.

In 1999, Micro Mobility Systems and K2 produced a reverse-three-wheeled scooter as "Kickboard". Micro also produced the Kickboard-like-children's scooters as "Mini Micro" and "Maxi Micro". The reverse design inherently provides greater stability than the standard: a standing person will tend to stand at the front of a scooter rather than at the back. However, the steering geometry is inherently weak & requires innovative solutions to provide a decent response. An example is the MiniMicro, which uses a spring-loaded system to translate lateral force on the handbars (child leaning) into turning motion on the wheels, referred by the makers as 'lean and steer'.

Four wheels[edit]

A Fuzion-like scooter

The early scooters, which were made with roller skates, were four-wheeled like skateboards.

Around 2000, A Swiss company produced a four-wheeled scooter as "Wetzer Stickboard". The Stickboard was a narrow skateboard with a foldable pole on the nose.[1]

In 2006, a company called Nextsport started producing a line of four-wheeled scooters, known as Fuzion s. Fuzion scooters are typically bigger and heavier than Razor and Micro models. The early Fuzion models come with large, wide wheels, and an oversized deck for carving stability. Later scooters, such as the Fuzion NX, include smaller, harder wheels, and 360 degree handlebar spinning capabilities, unlike its predecessors. The aforementioned are all classified under Fuzion Scooter's new Pro Scooters line up which includes models like the Z300, Z400 and X-3.

There are also a few instances of freestyle scooter riders mounting skateboard trucks to standard aluminum style scooters to make four-wheelers.[2]

Comparison with the bicycle[edit]

A folding scooter and a utility bicycle

Unlike a kick scooter, a bicycle has a seat and drive train, which add speed, cost, weight and bulk. A folding scooter can be more easily carried than a folding bicycle or even a portable bicycle. Even a non-folding scooter is easier to manoeuvre between obstacles, as there are no protruding pedals. Thus a cyclist has advantages in longer journeys and open spaces, and a kick scooter in shorter and more crowded ones. Kickers seldom have a luggage rack, so the rider usually carries any cargo on their back.

At low speeds a bicycle is difficult to control while pedaling, which is why cyclists sometimes kick their way through dense traffic or in other conditions where they cannot take advantage of the speed of their machine. Thanks to the superior low-speed stability of a Kickbike, it is usually regarded as a kick scooter and permitted on footways where riding a bicycle is forbidden.

Since the feet are nearer the ground on a scooter, it is easier to step on and off than even a step-through frame bicycle, hence the rider can alternate walking and pushing as energy and route dictate. Large wheel scooters such as the Kickbike afford a more effective cross training workout than standard bicycles as the whole body is engaged in the effort of kicking. Pushing or kicking a large wheel scooter places less stress on the knee joints than pedaling a bicycle,[citation needed] so it is often preferred by people with knee problems. Although the bicycle is a much more effective and efficient long distance machine, in 2001 Jim Delzer propelled a Kickbike across the United States.[13]

These factors aside, a bicycle is undoubtedly a vehicle more suited to rugged terrain or long roads, as the more compact scooter is less efficient when the aim is not easy manoeuvrability on a flat surface. This is shown in the use of bicycles outside of the city situation, except of course when trends influence either way, and fashion interferes with practicality.

Modifications[edit]

Racing wheels for inlineskates will provide smoother riding.

Most scooters have some compatibilities with bicycle or inline skates parts, so they can be upgraded easily.

Freestyle riders are modifying their scooters with the increase in the manufacturing of aftermarket kick scooter products. This includes items such as grips, one piece bars, one piece decks, complete deck griptape, aftermarket bearings and metalcore wheels. See Freestyle scootering#Freestyle scooter parts.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]