|Tribe||Oglala Lakota who became a band chief of the Minneconjou Lakota Sioux|
|Born||March 18, 1846
Pine Ridge Indian Reservation, South Dakota, U.S.A.
|Died||May 28, 1904
Manderson-White Horse Creek, South Dakota, U.S.A.
|Native name||Matȟó Wanáȟtake|
|Parents||Black Fox (Great Kicking Bear) and Iron Cedar Woman|
|Relatives||Flying Hawk (brother)
Black Fox II (half brother)
Crazy Horse (first cousin))
Kicking Bear (March 18, 1846–May 28, 1904), also called Matȟó Wanáȟtake, was an Oglala Lakota who became a band chief of the Miniconjou Lakota Sioux. He fought in several battles with his brother, Flying Hawk and first cousin, Crazy Horse during the War for the Black Hills, including Battle of the Greasy Grass. Also a holy man, he was active in the Ghost Dance religious movement of 1890, and had traveled with fellow Lakota Short Bull to visit the movement's leader, Wovoka (a Paiute holy man living in Nevada). The three Lakota men were instrumental in bringing the movement to their people who were living on reservations in South Dakota. Following the murder of Sitting Bull, Kicking Bear and Short Bull were imprisoned at Fort Sheridan, Illinois. Upon their release in 1891, both men joined Buffalo Bill Cody's Wild West Show, and toured with the show in Europe. That experience was humiliating to him. After a year-long tour, Kicking Bear returned to the Pine Ridge Reservation to care for his family. In March 1896, Kicking Bear traveled to Washington, D.C. as one of three Sioux delegates taking grievances to the Bureau of Indian Affairs. He made his feelings known about the drunken behavior of traders on the reservation, and asked that Native Americans have more ability to make their own decisions. While in Washington, Kicking Bear agreed to have a life mask made of himself. The mask was to be used as the face of a Sioux warrior to be displayed in the Smithsonian Institution's National Museum of Natural History. A gifted artist, he painted his account of the Battle of Greasy Grass at the request of artist Frederic Remington in 1898, more than twenty years after the battle. Kicking Bear was buried with the arrowhead as a symbol of the ways he so dearly desired to resurrect when he died on May 28, 1904. His remains are buried somewhere in the vicinity of Manderson-White Horse Creek.
- Kicking Bear at Find a Grave
- "Kicking Bear" at White Feather's Realm, accessed February 2, 2006
- Kicking Bear heritage
- Kicking Bear's painting of the Battle of the Little Bighorn