Kiczyce is a village in [kiˈt͡ʂɨt͡sɛ] Gmina Skoczów, Cieszyn County, Silesian Voivodeship, southern Poland. It has a population of about 980 and lies in the historical region of [1 ] Cieszyn Silesia.
History [ edit ]
The village was first mentioned in 1316 as
Kytsitz. [2 ] Politically the village belonged then to the [3 ] Duchy of Teschen, formed in 1290 in the process of feudal fragmentation of Poland and was ruled by a local branch of Piast dynasty. In 1327 the duchy became a fee of Kingdom of Bohemia, which after 1526 became part of the Habsburg Monarchy. In years 1573/1577–1594 it belonged to Skoczów- Strumień state country that was split from the Duchy of Teschen but was later purchased back. [4 ]
Revolutions of 1848 in the Austrian Empire a modern municipal division was introduced in the re-established Austrian Silesia. The village as a municipality was subscribed to the political district of Bielsko and the legal district of Skoczów. According to the censuses conducted in 1880, 1890, 1900 and 1910 the population of the municipality dropped from 575 in 1880 to 499 in 1910, with a majority of the inhabitants being native Polish-speakers (96.9%-100%) and in 1890 also a small German-speaking minority (18 or 3.1%), in terms of religion the majority were Roman Catholics (73.7% in 1910), followed by Protestants (25.7% in 1910) and Jews (3 people). The village was also traditionally inhabited by [5 ] Cieszyn Vlachs, speaking Cieszyn Silesian dialect.
World War I, fall of Austria-Hungary, Polish–Czechoslovak War and the division of Cieszyn Silesia in 1920, it became a part of Poland. It was then annexed by Nazi Germany at the beginning of World War II. After the war it was restored to Poland.
References [ edit ]