Kiczyce

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Kiczyce
Village
Elementary school
Elementary school
Coat of arms of Kiczyce
Coat of arms
Kiczyce is located in Poland
Kiczyce
Kiczyce
Coordinates: 49°49′46.75″N 18°48′36.07″E / 49.8296528°N 18.8100194°E / 49.8296528; 18.8100194Coordinates: 49°49′46.75″N 18°48′36.07″E / 49.8296528°N 18.8100194°E / 49.8296528; 18.8100194
Country Poland
Voivodeship Silesian
County Cieszyn
Gmina Skoczów
First mentioned 1316
Area
 • Total 7.3 km2 (2.8 sq mi)
Population (2008)
 • Total 983
 • Density 130/km2 (350/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 43-430
Car plates SCI

Kiczyce [kiˈt͡ʂɨt͡sɛ] is a village in Gmina Skoczów, Cieszyn County, Silesian Voivodeship, southern Poland.[1] It has a population of about 980 and lies in the historical region of Cieszyn Silesia.

History[edit]

The village was first mentioned in 1316 as Kytsitz.[2][3] Politically the village belonged then to the Duchy of Teschen, formed in 1290 in the process of feudal fragmentation of Poland and was ruled by a local branch of Piast dynasty. In 1327 the duchy became a fee of Kingdom of Bohemia, which after 1526 became part of the Habsburg Monarchy. In years 1573/1577–1594 it belonged to Skoczów-Strumień state country that was split from the Duchy of Teschen but was later purchased back.[4]

After Revolutions of 1848 in the Austrian Empire a modern municipal division was introduced in the re-established Austrian Silesia. The village as a municipality was subscribed to the political district of Bielsko and the legal district of Skoczów. According to the censuses conducted in 1880, 1890, 1900 and 1910 the population of the municipality dropped from 575 in 1880 to 499 in 1910, with a majority of the inhabitants being native Polish-speakers (96.9%-100%) and in 1890 also a small German-speaking minority (18 or 3.1%), in terms of religion the majority were Roman Catholics (73.7% in 1910), followed by Protestants (25.7% in 1910) and Jews (3 people).[5] The village was also traditionally inhabited by Cieszyn Vlachs, speaking Cieszyn Silesian dialect.

After World War I, fall of Austria-Hungary, Polish–Czechoslovak War and the division of Cieszyn Silesia in 1920, it became a part of Poland. It was then annexed by Nazi Germany at the beginning of World War II. After the war it was restored to Poland.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Central Statistical Office (GUS) – TERYT (National Register of Territorial Land Apportionment Journal)" (in Polish). 2008-06-01. 
  2. ^ Panic, Idzi (2010). Śląsk Cieszyński w średniowieczu (do 1528) [Cieszyn Silesia in the Middle Ages (until 1528)] (in Polish). Cieszyn: Starostwo Powiatowe w Cieszynie. p. 312. ISBN 978-83-926929-3-5. 
  3. ^ Mrózek, Robert (1984). Nazwy miejscowe dawnego Śląska Cieszyńskiego [Local names of former Cieszyn Silesia] (in Polish). Katowice: Uniwersytet Śląski w Katowicach. p. 89. ISSN 0208-6336. 
  4. ^ Panic, Idzi (2011). Śląsk Cieszyński w początkach czasów nowożytnych (1528-1653) [Cieszyn Silesia in the beginnings of Modern Era (1528-1653)] (in Polish). Cieszyn: Starostwo Powiatowe w Cieszynie. pp. 68, 228. ISBN 978-83-926929-5-9. 
  5. ^ Piątkowski, Kazimierz (1918). Stosunki narodowościowe w Księstwie Cieszyńskiem (in Polish). Cieszyn: Macierz Szkolna Księstwa Cieszyńskiego. p. 255, 277.