Kidal Region

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Kidal Region
Region
Location within Mali
Location within Mali
Coordinates: 19°58′24″N 0°44′49″E / 19.97333°N 0.74694°E / 19.97333; 0.74694Coordinates: 19°58′24″N 0°44′49″E / 19.97333°N 0.74694°E / 19.97333; 0.74694
Country  Mali
Capital Kidal
Area
 • Total 151,430 km2 (58,470 sq mi)
Population (2009 census)[1]
 • Total 67,638
 • Density 0.45/km2 (1.2/sq mi)
Time zone UTC (UTC±0)

Kidal Region is the eighth administrative region of Mali, covering 151,430 km2. This area was formerly part of Gao Region, but was created as a separate region in 1991. It is located in the north of the country, within the territory which the National Movement for the Liberation of Azawad proclaimed to be the independent nation-state of Azawad on 6 April 2012. This independence has not been recognized by any country or international organization. It was under the control of different armed movements such as the Ansar Dine and MNLA until January 2013, when French forces liberated the region.[2] The Region's administrative capital is the town of Kidal.

Geography[edit]

The region is bordered on the west by Tomboctou Region, to the south by Gao Region, to the east by Niger and to the north by Algeria.

Kidal has a desert climate with day-time temperatures that reach as high as 45°C (113°F).

In 2009 the region had a population of 67,638.[1] In addition 30% of its population, mostly Tuareg and Songhai were displaced to North Africa during the 1990s.

The largest towns of the region are Kidal, Tessalit, and Aguel'hoc.

Transportation and economy[edit]

The primary trades of Kidal Region include livestock breeding, craft-making, and commerce. Commercial farming has been developed in some areas. The region is extremely isolated, with no paved highways or rivers for transportation.

History[edit]

The region saw Tuareg Rebellions in 1963–1964 and in 1990–1991. The accords of Tamanresset followed on January 6, 1991, creating the Kidal Region by decree on August 8, 1991.

By the end of 2011, another group of Tuareg rebels, the National Movement for the Liberation of Azawad, were active in the region.[3] The Movement declared Azawad to be an independent republic in April 2012, with the Kidal region as part of the new (but unrecognised) state.

Culture[edit]

The region is peopled primarily by Tuaregs, a nomadic ethnicity of Berber origin. Their writing is the Tifinagh alphabet.

Though nomadism remains the lifestyle best adapted to the difficult environment of the region, several settlements have emerged at Kidal: Aguel'hoc, Tessalit, and Tinzawatène.

Administrative subdivisions[edit]

Cercles of the Kidal Region

Kidal Region is divided into four cercles encompassing 11 communes:[4]

Cercle name Area (km2) Population
Census 1998
Population
Census 2009
Kidal 21,353 16,495 33,087
Tessalit 39,000 12,362 16,289
Abeïbara 23,750 7,363 10,286
Tin-Essako 2,554 7,976

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Resultats Provisoires RGPH 2009 (Région de Kidal), République de Mali: Institut National de la Statistique 
  2. ^ "Mali conflict: 'Many die' in Ifoghas mountain battle". BBC News. February 23, 2013. 
  3. ^ BBC Staff (March 30, 2012). "Mali coup: Rebels seize desert capital Kidal". BBC News. Retrieved March 30, 2012. 
  4. ^ Communes de la Région de Kidal (in French), Ministère de l'administration territoriale et des collectivités locales, République du Mali .
  • This article is based on a translation of the corresponding article from the French Wikipedia, retrieved on July 8, 2005.

External links[edit]