Kidapawan

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Kidapawan
City
City of Kidapawan
City Hall
City Hall
Official Seal of Kidapawan City
Seal
Nickname(s): City of Fruits and Highland Springs; Spring in the Highlands; Second Fruit Basket of the Philippines; City at the Foot of Mt. Apo
Map of Cotabato with Kidapawan highlighted
Map of Cotabato with Kidapawan highlighted
Kidapawan is located in Philippines
Kidapawan
Kidapawan
Location in the Philippines
Coordinates: 07°01′N 125°05′E / 7.017°N 125.083°E / 7.017; 125.083Coordinates: 07°01′N 125°05′E / 7.017°N 125.083°E / 7.017; 125.083
Country Philippines
Region SOCCSKSARGEN (Region XII)
Province North Cotabato
District 2nd District of Cotabato
Founded August 18, 1947
Cityhood February 12, 1998
Barangays 40
Government[1]
 • Mayor Joseph A. Evangelista
Area[2]
 • Total 358.47 km2 (138.41 sq mi)
Elevation 279 m (915 ft)
Population (2010)[3]
 • Total 125,447
 • Density 350/km2 (910/sq mi)
Time zone PHT (UTC+8)
ZIP code 9400
Dialing code 64
Income class 3rd Class
Website kidapawancity.gov.ph

Kidapawan, officially the City of Kidapawan (Filipino: Lungsod ng Kidapawan) or Kidapawan City, is a third class city in the province of Cotabato, Philippines. It is the capital city of Cotabato Province. Located at the foot of Mount Apo, it is popular destination from late October to December and in the summer, when thousands of tourists climb the country's highest mountain.

Etymology[edit]

The word Kidapawan comes from the words tida, which means 'spring', and pawan, which means 'highland'.[citation needed]

History[edit]

The first settlers around Kidapawan were predominantly Manobos. The influx of Christian settlers from Luzon and the Visayas resulted in the evolution of the word from 'Tidapawan' to 'Kidapawan'.

Kidapawan City was created by the Republic Act. No. 8500, signed by President Fidel V. Ramos on February 12, 1998, making it the first component city of Cotabato Province. The Act was ratified by a large majority by a plebiscite on March 21, 1998. It was originally named a district of Pikit.

In 1942, the Japanese Imperial forces entered Kidapawan. Three years later, local Filipino soldiers of the Philippine Commonwealth Army and Philippine Constabulary units and Moro guerrilla fighters taken to liberate Kidapawan fought the battles against the Japanese Imperial forces. Kidapawan was later declared a separate municipality by Executive Order No. 82 issued by President Manuel Roxas on August 18, 1947. It thus become the fourth town of the then Empire Province of Cotabato, composed previously of the municipalities of Cotabato (now Cotabato City), Dulawan (later named Datu Piang) and Midsayap.

Created along with the city were the twelve original barangays, namely: Birada, Ginatilan, Indangan, Linangcob, Luvimin, Manongol, Marbel, Mateo, Meohao, Mua-an, Perez, and Sibawan. From the original land area of 273, 262 hectares, Kidapawan retained only 34,007.20 hectares when four municipalities were created from it namely: Magpet (June 22, 1963, R.A. 3721), Matalam (Dec. 29, 1961, E.O. 461), M’lang (Aug. 3, 1951, E.O. 462) and President Roxas (May 8, 1967, R.A. 4869).

Prior to its conversion to a municipality, five appointed District Mayors had served Kidapawan. The first was Datu Siawan Ingkal, tribal chieftain of the Manobos, who headed the Civilian Emergency Administration when World War II broke out. He was followed by Felimon Blanco, Ceferino Villanueva, Jacinto Paclibar, and Alfonso Angeles Sr., who became the first elected mayor of the municipality.

Kidapawan became the provincial capital of Cotabato Province pursuant to Presidential Decree No. 341 dated 22 November 1973, with the provincial seat of government located in Amas. Later, Batas Pambansa No. 660 dated 19 December 1983 renamed the Province of North Cotabato just plain Cotabato. By the time it became the province capital, Kidapawan had already 40 barangays under its geopolitical jurisdiction.

Geography[edit]

Kidapawan is located at the foot of Mount Apo in the southeastern section of Cotabato province, placed in the middle of five other major cities of Davao, Digos, Cotabato, General Santos, and Cagayan de Oro.[citation needed]

Climate[edit]

Kidapawan lies outside the typhoon belt and has a mild climate characterized by wet and dry seasons. The coldest months are December and January. The hottest are April and May.[citation needed]

Barangays[edit]

Kidapawan City is politically subdivided into 40 barangays.[2]

  • Amas - (Urban)
  • Amazion - (Rural)
  • Balabag - (Rural)
  • Balindog - (Urban)
  • Binoligan - (Rural)
  • Birada - (Urban)
  • Gayola - (Rural)
  • Ginatilan - (Rural)
  • Ilomavis - (Rural)
  • Indangan - (Rural)
  • Junction - (Rural)
  • Kalaisan - (Rural)
  • Kalasuyan - (Rural)
  • Katipunan - (Rural)
  • Lanao - (Urban)
  • Linangcob - (Rural)
  • Luvimin - (Rural)
  • Macebolig - (Rural)
  • Magsaysay - (Rural)
  • Malinan - (Rural)
  • Manongol - (Rural)
  • Marbel(Embac) - (Rural)
  • Mateo - (Rural)
  • Meohao - (Rural)
  • Mua-an - (Rural)
  • New Bohol - (Rural)
  • Nuangan - (Urban)
  • Onica - (Rural)
  • Paco - (Rural)
  • Patadon(Patadon East) - (Rural)
  • Perez - (Rural)
  • Poblacion - (Urban)
  • San Isidro - (Rural)
  • San Roque - (Rural)
  • Santo Niño - (Rural)
  • Sibawan - (Rural)
  • Sikitan - (Rural)
  • Singao - (Rural)
  • Sudapin - (Urban)
  • Sumbac - (Rural)

Demographics[edit]

Population census of Kidapawan
Year Pop. ±% p.a.
1995 87,758 —    
2000 101,205 +3.10%
2007 117,610 +2.09%
2010 125,447 +2.38%
Source: National Statistics Office[3]

Based on the 2010 census, the city has a total population of 125,447 people,[3] up from 117,610 in 2007. The religion is predominantly Roman Catholic, although there are many Muslims residing in the city. The main language is Cebuano. Ilonggo, Tagalog and English are the secondary languages.

Cebuanos and Ilonggos are the major ethnic groups in the city. Other ethnic groups residing in the area are the Ilocanos, Maguindanaons and Manobos. Cebuano language is the most widely spoken language, especially in the city proper. English is considered as the medium of instruction in schools and other learning institutions; it is also predominantly used in major government agencies in their transactions and reports. Laws and ordinances in the city are all written in English. Most of the inhabitants can also speak Filipino.

Economy[edit]

Kidapawan City was classified as a 1st class city per Department of Finance Order No. 20-2005 . In 2006, it yielded an income of Php268.94 million, of which 73.8 percent constituted the Internal Revenue Allotment. Of its Php314.22 million total expenditures for the year, 25.9 percent were expended on economic services.

The City is considered as the province’s industrial hub. It plays a pivotal role in the economic development of the province and its adjacent areas. It is the commercial and trading hub of six neighboring municipalities. It lies at the heart of two large domestic markets: General Santos City, Davao City and Cotabato City.

Agriculture[edit]

The flower-cutting industry is a primary source of livelihood among Cotabateños, especially those residing in Kidapawan City. In addition to ornamental and forest tree seedlings, flowers such as roses, anthuriums and orchids are abundantly grown locally providing a very promising and highly profitable source of livelihood and business in the area.

Kidapawan is the second largest producer of fruit in the Philippines, after Davao City. Exotic fruits like durian, Mangosteen, lanzones, marang, singkamas, rambutan, banana, and the like are grown and harvested in abundance in the highlands of Mt. Apo, in rural communities of Kidapawan City, and also in small home plots.

Crops abundantly grown in the area include abaca, rubber, corn, rice, coconut, and vegetables.

Tourism[edit]

Mt. Apo
Lake Venado

Kidapawan City is the most well-known starting point for trekking on Mount Apo[4][5][6][7] which towers at 10,311 feet above sea level with a total area of 14.6 square meters. The country’s tallest peak is an abode to the almost extinct Philippine Eagle.[8][9][10] The mountain is surrounded by moss-covered century-old-trees, a wide variety of flora and fauna, sulfur craters, and massive boulders. Within the Mt. Apo Natural Park is the Mandarangan Geological Site which is being promoted as a major educational tourism site. Lake Venado, hidden among the mountain ranges, stands at an elevation of 7,200 feet above sea level. Lake Agko is a steaming blue lake where hot and cold springs converge. It stands at an elevation of 4,200 feet above sea level.

Marbel Falls is a hidden twin waterfall of about 60 to 70 feet surrounded by hot springs. Mawig Falls is located in Barangay Balabag and is the source of the Matingao River.

To celebrate the abundance of the exotic fruits grown in Kidapawan City, the city government hold an annual festival in the month of August called Timpupu, the fruit festival. This festival, first held in 2002[11] celebrates the fruit harvest. The city purchases large quantities of local fruit which is laid out on tables along the streets for visitors and residents.[12] Dubbed “Timpupu” from the Manobo word “harvest”, the celebration signifies the people's thanksgiving for the bountiful harvest and richness of the exotic fruits that thrive in the area. Activities featured during the annual event include the Fruit Galore, Fruit Float Parade, Fruit Arrangement and Street Dancing Competition.

The Foundation Anniversary of the City of Kidapawan (February 12) is celebrated with parades, beauty contests, and traditional, non-lethal horse fights.

Transportation[edit]

Local public transportation is primarily served by almost 2,000 motor tricycles known as just "motor". Multicabs, and jeepney provide transportation to barangays and adjacent municipalities. Public Utility Vans also served routes to and from the cities of Davao, Cotabato, Tacurong and General Santos.

Educational institutions[edit]

Media[edit]

Radio Stations[edit]

  • DXCA-FM 90.3 mHz Charm Radio (Andolana Broadcasting Network/Polytechnic Foundation of Cotabato & Asia)
  • The Edge Radio 101.5 mHz (United Christian Broadcasting)
  • DXGM-FM 103.1 mHz Dream FM (DepEd)
  • DXYY-FM 107.1 mHz Radyo Natin (Manila Broadcasting Company) Defunct
  • DXKM-FM 107.9 mHz Z-FM (G.Mercado Entertainment Center/RMC)
  • DXDM-FM 88.7 mHz Happy FM (Notre Dame Broadcasting Corporation)
  • DXND-AM 747 kHz Radyo Bida (Notre Dame Broadcasting Corporation)
  • DXCM-AM 1089 kHz RADYO UKAY (UM Broadcasting Network)
  • DXAN FM 102.3 MHz GOLD FM (Kalayaan Broadcasting System Inc.)
  • 105.7 MHz JOY FM (Yaki Broadcasting System)
  • 96.5 MHz LIKE FM (Northwest Cable TV Network)
  • 98.5 MHz ENERGY FM (KIDAPAWAN DOCTORS BROADCASTING AND MULTIMEDIA CORPORATION) AN AFFILIATE OF ULTRASONIC BROADCASTING SYSTEM, INC.

TV Network Stations[edit]

  • People's Television Network DXKN-TV 8(with transmitters located in Cotabato Provincial Compound, Amas, Kidapawan)
  • ABS-CBN TV 4 (relay station with transmitter located at Ilomavis, Kidapawan City)
  • CTS-TV 6 (community television station of PCB-Countryside Television System)
  • ABS-CBN Sports+Action TV 26 (relay station with transmitter located at Kidapawan City)

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Official City/Municipal 2013 Election Results". Intramuros, Manila, Philippines: Commission on Elections (COMELEC). 12 May 2014. Retrieved 3 June 2014. 
  2. ^ a b "Province: COTABATO (NORTH COTABATO)". PSGC Interactive. Makati City, Philippines: National Statistical Coordination Board. Retrieved 3 June 2014. 
  3. ^ a b c "Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay: as of May 1, 2010". 2010 Census of Population and Housing. National Statistics Office. Retrieved 3 June 2014. 
  4. ^ http://whc.unesco.org/en/tentativelists/5022/
  5. ^ http://www.summitpost.org/mount-apo/483022
  6. ^ http://volcano.phivolcs.dost.gov.ph/update_VMEPD/Volcano/VolcanoList/apo.htm
  7. ^ http://www.volcano.si.edu/world/volcano.cfm?vnum=0701-03=
  8. ^ http://pawb.gov.ph/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=71:region-11&catid=69:regions
  9. ^ IUCN Red List
  10. ^ http://www.haribon.org.ph/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=223:the-largest-eagle-in-the-world&catid=57:news-on-h&Itemid=119
  11. ^ Mindanews - Kidapawan prepares for Fruit Festival
  12. ^ Sun.Star General Santos - Timpupu Festival: Paying homage to the exotic fruits
  13. ^ http://www.kdci.edu.ph/
  14. ^ http://www.cdk.edu.ph/
  15. ^ http://www.university-directory.eu/Philippines/Notre-Dame-of-Kidapawan-College.html
  16. ^ http://www.philippinecompanies.com/companyprofile/52413/notre-dame-of-kidapawan-college
  17. ^ http://www.rvmonline.net/?q=education
  18. ^ http://mom.exchange.ph/schools/kidapawan-city/st-marys-academy-of-kidapawan
  19. ^ http://www.philippinecompanies.com/companyprofile/52416/st-mary-s-academy-of-kidapawan
  20. ^ http://www.ndea.org.ph/index.php?module=index&event=postsdetails&postid=9
  21. ^ http://www.usm.edu.ph
  22. ^ https://www.facebook.com/pages/Saniel-Cruz-National-High-School/213923581988462,

External links[edit]