Kidlington

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Coordinates: 51°49′23″N 1°17′28″W / 51.823°N 1.291°W / 51.823; -1.291

Kidlington
Kidlington old village.jpg
Church Street, Kidlngton
Kidlington is located in Oxfordshire
Kidlington
Kidlington
 Kidlington shown within Oxfordshire
Population 13,723 (2011 Census)[1]
OS grid reference SP4914
Civil parish Kidlington
District Cherwell
Shire county Oxfordshire
Region South East
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town Kidlington
Postcode district OX5
Dialling code 01865
Police Thames Valley
Fire Oxfordshire
Ambulance South Central
EU Parliament South East England
UK Parliament Oxford West and Abingdon
Website Kidlington Parish Council
List of places
UK
England
Oxfordshire

Kidlington is a large village and civil parish between the River Cherwell and the Oxford Canal, 5 miles (8 km) north of Oxford and 7.5 miles (12 km) southwest of Bicester.

History[edit]

Kidlington's toponym is derived from the Old English Cudelinga tun: the tun (settlement) of the "Kidlings" (sons) of Cydel-hence. The Domesday Book in 1086 mentions Chedelintone and by 1214 the spelling Kedelinton appears in a Calendar of Bodleian Charters.

The Church of England parish church of St. Mary the Virgin is a Grade I listed building dating from 1220 with fine medieval stained glass and a 220-foot (67 m) spire known as "Our Lady's Needle". The bell tower has a peal of eight bells.[2] There is evidence of a church existing on the site from AD 1073. Behind the church there are archaeological remains of a three-sided moat, and a causeway has recently been discovered which is possibly of Roman origin. St. Mary's Rectory is Tudor.

Alongside the church is the almshouse, built by Sir William Morton in 1671 in memory of his wife and children, whose names are inscribed above the windows. Sir William was a Royalist Commander during the Civil War and lived in nearby Hampden Manor in Mill Street. Other famous residents of Hampden Manor include Sir John Vanbrugh who lived here during the building of Blenheim Palace in Woodstock. The square tower water closet in the front garden of Hampden Manor was built by Vanbrugh. It drains into a brook that now runs underground along Mill Street into the nearby River Cherwell. Thomas Beecham formulated his medicine whilst living in a cottage near the Manor, where he worked for a time as a gardener for John Sydenham.

The settlement listed in Domesday grew from an ancient village adjacent to the church. Here there are as many 18th century Georgian buildings as modern houses. Until the Enclosure acts in 1818, a large section south of the village was unenclosed common land, and the village was widely known as Kidlington-on-the-Green. Just prior to World War II, this land was built up in an estate known as Garden City.

There was once a zoo in Kidlington where the Thames Valley Police headquarters is now. This short-lived attraction was in existence from 1931 until 1937, when the animals were transferred to Dudley zoo.

In the 1920s and 1930s Kidlington was subject to ribbon development along the main (now A4260) road through the village. Since 1945 many housing estates have been built behind this on both sides.

In the 20th century Kidlington grew to be a contender for largest village in England (as well as Europe) with a population of 13,700[1] (compared with 1,300 in 1901). Kidlington residents have so far resisted proposals to become a town, though it clearly qualifies for such status against any criteria. Following a peremptory change by the Parish Council to Town status, the change was voted down in a ballot of the local electorate by 98%, and reversed.

Railways[edit]

A railway station on the Oxford and Rugby Railway near Langford Lane was designed by Isambard Kingdom Brunel and opened in 1852. The station was named Woodstock Road, although it was nearly 3 miles (5 km) from Woodstock and less than 1 mile (1.6 km) from Kidlington. The Oxford and Rugby Railway was part of the Great Western Railway, which in 1890 added a branch line to a new Blenheim and Woodstock railway station at Woodstock and renamed Woodstock Road "Kidlington". British Railways closed Kidlington railway station in 1964. The station building remained in 1983. Speculation from the 1980s onwards was that a new station might be built on land between Flatford Place and Thorne Close on Lyne Road.

Oxford Road Halt on the former Varsity Line, 1.5 miles (2.4 km) south of the centre of Kidlington, was opened by the London and North Western Railway in 1905 and closed by its successor the London, Midland and Scottish Railway in 1926. Train operator Chiltern Railways plans to build a new Oxford Parkway railway station close to the site of the former halt as part of its Project Evergreen3 development programme, opening in summer 2015, with frequent services to London Marylebone taking one hour.[3]

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Lady Anne Morton's almshouses
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Church of England parish church of St Mary the Virgin
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Former Kidlington station

Amenities[edit]

Kidlington has about 50 shops, banks and building societies, a public library, a large village hall and a weekly market. There are seven public houses, two cafes, and four restaurants. The public houses are concentrated along the main A4260 road through the village. North to south these are: the Highwayman Hotel (originally the Anchor, then The Railway Hotel, finally the Wise Alderman, before being renamed again in 2009),[4] the Black Horse, the Black Bull, the Red Lion, as well as the King's Arms in the Moors, and the Six Bells in Mill Street. The Squire Bassett was converted into a Nepalese Restaurant and renamed the Gurkha Village in 2012.

There is a secondary school (Gosford Hill) and a handful of primary schools to deal with the expanding population. Recently Gosford Hill School has started a narrowband radio show for its pupils.

Kidlington has a Women's Institute.[5]

Economy[edit]

The headquarters of the Oxfordshire Fire and Rescue Service, Thames Valley Police and the county St. John Ambulance are all in Kidlington, as is the UK head office of the European publishing company Elsevier. Oxford Airport, renamed London Oxford Airport in 2009, is also in Kidlington; since 1962 it has had a pilot training school that has trained thousands of pilots for many airlines in more than 40 countries. There are several industrial and business parks and a large motor park in the north of the village.

Significant to the village's development is the existence of London Oxford Airport. Opposite the airport is the Langford Locks industrial estate and Oxford Motor Park which has showrooms for makes including Honda, Nissan and Toyota. [6] Businesses including Eurocopter, Guylian Chocolates and Essentra Components[7] all have premises in the village.

Campsfield House, an immigration detention centres run for the UK Government, is next to the industrial area near the airport.

Music[edit]

Kidlington has possessed a brass band continuously since 1892, with earlier foundations dating back to at least the 1850s. The current band, Kidlington Concert Brass, was founded by the merger of Kidlington Silver Band and Oxford Concert Brass in 1992. It presents regular local concerts and has competed nationally in the highest grade for many years.

Kidlington Amateur Operatic Society (KAOS) was founded in 1977, and presents concerts of varied choral material in the village several times annually in addition to staging regular productions of musicals.

Sports[edit]

Kidlington Football Club was founded in 1909. Its first team plays in the Uhlsport Hellenic Premier Division and its reserve side plays in Hellenic Division Two. Kidlington FC also runs an under-18 youth team that plays in the Allied Counties League. All three teams play and are based at Kidlington F.C.'s ground in Yarnton Road. The pitch is floodlit and has spectator terracing and seating for 150 spectators. 2010–11 season saw Kidlington reach the final of the Oxfordshire Senior Cup for the first time in its history where it was beaten by Oxford United at the Kassam Stadium.[8] Kidlington F.C. previously played at other sites in or just outside the village.[9]

Kidlington Royals Football Club is the only Sunday football team in Kidlington, playing in the Premier Division of the Upper Thames Valley League. It was founded in 2004 and plays its home games at Bletchington Sports Ground (just outside Kidlington). It is regarded[by whom?] as one of the best Sunday League sides in Oxfordshire,[citation needed] being made up of players who play at a high level of Saturday football, including the Blue Square (football conference), Southern League and the Hellenic Premier Division. In April 2012 it reached the final of the Oxfordshire FA Sam Waters Challenge Cup. It lost 3-2 after extra time to Highfield.[10] The club reached the final of this competition again in 2013.

Kidlington Old Boys Football club was formed in 1999, and currently plays in the Oxfordshire Senior League Division 1. It plays its home games at Exeter Close.[11]

The Gosford All Blacks was founded on 15 May 1956, taking its name from the New Zealand All Blacks team which was touring that season. Despite its name, the club is based in Kidlington.[12] Gosford's first team plays in the Berks, Bucks & Oxon Premier League. When first founded, the club used the Gosford Hill School pitch and facilities. The Kings Arms, The Moors, became its headquarters. In May 1959 the club moved to Langford Lane and in December 1962 became the youngest club to acquire its own clubhouse. The neighbouring airport donated one of its hangars, which the members transformed into a clubhouse. Gosford all black was county rugby shield holder for the 2011–12 season.

Kidlington Cricket Club was founded in 1837 and used to play in the Oxford Times Cherwell Cricket League.[13] However, in January 2009 the League voted to expel Kidlington CC for alleged rule breaches.[14] As of the 2010 season, the club now plays in the Oxfordshire Cricket Association (OCA) league.

References[edit]

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External links[edit]