Kidnapping of Kim Dae-jung
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In the South Korean presidential election, 1971, Kim represented the Democratic Party, challenging incumbent President Park Chung-hee of the Democratic Republican Party (South Korea). Kim won 45.3% of the popular vote but narrowly lost to Park's 53.2%, with about 900,000 votes. Following the election, Kim was involved in a car accident which left him with a permanent injury on his hip joint. This accident was targeted by Park, which as an assassination by Park but fell. Believing the accident to be an attempt on his life, Kim fled to Japan where he eventually began an exile movement for democracy in South Korea, following Seoul's declaration of the Yushin Constitution in October 1972. With widespread allegations of corruption and manipulation of the results, Park turned his regime into a military dictatorship.
Around noon of August 8, 1973, Kim was attending a meeting with the leader of the Democratic Unification Party held in the Room 2212 of the Hotel Grand Palace in Tokyo. At around 13:19, Kim was abducted by a group of unidentified agents as he walked out of the room after the meeting. The entire rest of the floor of that hotel was rumored to have been rented out by a notorious yakuza syndicate run by the South Korean national Machii Hisayuki, a man long known to have extensive ties to the KCIA. He was then taken into the empty Room 2210 where he was drugged and fell unconscious. Later Kim was moved to Osaka and later to Seoul, South Korea.
Kim was later quoted as saying that a weight had been attached to his feet aboard the boat heading toward Korea, indicating that the kidnappers had intended to drown him by throwing him into the sea. They were, however, forced to abandon this plan as the Japan Maritime Self-Defense Force began a pursuit of the kidnappers' boat. Subsequently Kim was released in Busan. He was found alive at his house in Seoul five days after the kidnapping.
On October 24, 2007, following an internal inquiry, South Korea's National Intelligence Service (NIS) has admitted that its precursor, the Korean Central Intelligence Agency (KCIA), undertook the kidnapping, saying it had at least tacit backing from then-leader Park Chung-hee.
The film KT (2002) depicts the kidnapping of Kim Dae-jung.