Kiedrich

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Kiedrich
Kiedrich-pano-01s.jpg
Coat of arms of Kiedrich
Coat of arms
Kiedrich is located in Germany
Kiedrich
Kiedrich
Coordinates: 50°2′27″N 8°5′5″E / 50.04083°N 8.08472°E / 50.04083; 8.08472Coordinates: 50°2′27″N 8°5′5″E / 50.04083°N 8.08472°E / 50.04083; 8.08472
Country Germany
State Hesse
Admin. region Darmstadt
District Rheingau-Taunus-Kreis
Government
 • Mayor Winfried Steinmacher (SPD)
Area
 • Total 12.35 km2 (4.77 sq mi)
Elevation 150 m (490 ft)
Population (2012-12-31)[1]
 • Total 3,910
 • Density 320/km2 (820/sq mi)
Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes 65399
Dialling codes 06123
Vehicle registration RÜD

Kiedrich is a community in the Rheingau-Taunus-Kreis in the Regierungsbezirk of Darmstadt in Hesse, Germany.

Geography[edit]

Kiedrich lies in the Rheingau on the south slope of the Taunus, approximately 2 km north from the town of Eltville am Rhein and 3 km from the banks of the Rhine. Kiedrich borders on the community of Schlangenbad in the north, and on the town of Eltville in the east, south, and west.

History[edit]

Fränkische Dorfschmiede

Kiedrich is first mentioned in a document of the Archbishopric of Mainz. Although the document is not dated, it is known to have originated during the time of Archbishop Frederick (937-954). About 1160 building work began on Scharfenstein Castle. Winegrowing in Kiedrich was first mentioned as early as 1131.[citation needed]

Kiedrich belonged to Electoral Mainz (the Archbishopric), and passed, in 1806, to the Duchy of Nassau. In 1866 it was absorbed by Prussia. The community avoided amalgamation with other municipalities during Hesse’s municipal restructuring.[citation needed]

Government[edit]

Through political activities in the three Kiedrich active parties (SPD, CDU, FDP), Kiedrichers have been involved with the framework of the local Agenda 21.[clarification needed]

The office of mayor in Kiedrich is currently held by Winfried Steinmacher (SPD), who was directly elected through the first vote system in November 2005, with 77.7% of the vote.[citation needed]

Election results[edit]

Results of the municipal election held on 26 March 2006:

Parties and voter communities %
2006
Seats
2006
%
2001
Seats
2001
CDU Christian Democratic Union of Germany 28.4 6 33.4 8
SPD Social Democratic Party of Germany 60.5 14 57.5 13
FDP Free Democratic Party 11.1 3 9.1 2
Total 100.0 23 100.0 23
Voter turnout in % 49.5 65.9

Culture[edit]

Saint Valentine’s Catholic parish church
Interior of Saint Valentine
Church and chapel

Music[edit]

The organ in the parish church, with approximately 950 pipes, dates from the Late Gothic period, and is one of Germany’s oldest playable organs. The choir of boys and men (lately including girls), the Kiedricher Chorbuben, has, according to documents, been practicing a special Mainz choral dialect of liturgical Latin plainsong at services since 1333 dialect – the dialect is only preserved here. The choir performs a Latin mass most Sundays except during school vacations.[2] Countertenor Andreas Scholl was a member of the choir, his sister Elisabeth Scholl was the first girl to be accepted.[3]

The oldest bell dates from 1389.[citation needed] The Gothic architecture of the building is accompanied by the sound of that period in music and bells.

Events[edit]

  • Champagnerfest (first Sunday in June, organizer: Freundschaftsbund Kiedrich-Hautvillers)
  • Rieslingfest (last weekend in June, organizer: Ausschuss Kiedricher Rieslingfest)
  • Hahnwaldlauf (walk, early July, organizer: Turnerschaft Kiedrich)
  • Adventsbasar (first day in Advent, organizer: local SPD club)
  • Schnorrerrallye (Thursday before Ash Wednesday, organizer: Kiedricher Carneval Verein Sprudelfunken)
  • Rosenmontagszug (parade, Shrove Monday, organizer: Kiedricher Carneval Verein Sprudelfunken)
  • Mundartmatinée (first Sunday in August, organizer: Community of Kiedrich)
  • Rheingau Musik Festival, usually a concert of sacred music in the church and a concert at Weingut Robert Weil[4]

Landmarks[edit]

former villa of John Sutton and now Robert Weil wine estate

Owing to its Gothic churches, Kiedrich is also called Schatzkästlein der Gotik ("Little Treasure Chest of Gothic").[citation needed]

Landmarks are:

  • The Catholic pilgrimage church consecrated to Saint Valentine – completed in 1493 – and the neighbouring Saint Michael’s Chapel (Michaelskapelle) from 1444 with its ossuary and large two-sided candlestick Madonna (from about 1520)
  • the Renaissance Town Hall dating from 1585
  • at the churchyard wall is the oldest market well in the Rheingau, from 1541, with the coats of arms of Kiedrich and the old Mainz overlord, Elector and Cardinal Albrecht von Brandenburg.
  • Burg Scharfenstein (castle, built about 1160, and in ruins since the 16th century) was part of Archiepiscopal Mainz’s border fortifications. The tower (keep), which is still standing, with the Wheels of Mainz, has been borne as an emblem in the community seal from the time of the oldest known court seal of about 1420.
  • The house of benefactor and patron Sir John Sutton’s (1820–1873), which today is the Weil wine estate.
  • Virchow-Quelle (spring), a 24° lithium-laden beneficial salt spring.

Twinning[edit]

Economy[edit]

Winegrowing[edit]

High-grade wines are grown in Kiedrich. The vineyards (or 'Weinlagen') Gräfenberg, Wasseros, Klosterberg, Sandgrub and Turmberg, and the larger wine-growing area ('Großlage') Heiligenstock are said to be the Rheingau’s top wines.[citation needed] The Kiedrich winemakers’ wine-growing tradition originates in the year 1480, when wine was already being grown by the winemaker’s house that is still exists today, under the name 'Adelsgut Langenhof'. The local winemakers’ cooperative has existed since 1893, making it the oldest in the Rheingau.[citation needed]

Public institutions[edit]

St Valentinushaus, psychiatric hospital founded in 1884, today also a nursing home.

Education[edit]

  • Chorschule neben der Kirche, school endowed by Sir John Sutton in 1865 for vocal training and promotion of plainsong
  • John-Sutton-Schule, primary school of the Rheingau-Taunus-Kreis: Jena plan school
  • Integrative Kindertagesstätten "Hickelhäusje" und "St. Valentin": "wood" group
  • secondary schools in Eltville am Rhein, Geisenheim and Wiesbaden.

Notable people[edit]

  • John Sutton (1820–1873), patron and endower of the choral school (1865)
  • Anton Raky, oil drilling pioneer, grew up in Kiedrich and developed a special boring bit during his apprenticeship
  • Gerson Stern, writer, lived from 1920 to 1937 in Kiedrich and wrote his novel Weg ohne Ende (1934) here.
  • Andreas Scholl, countertenor, former Kiedrich choirboy (Kiedricher Chorbube), Kiedrich citizen
  • Elisabeth Scholl, soprano, sister of Andreas Scholl, the first girl accepted in the boys choir Kiedricher Chorbuben

Further reading[edit]

  • Clemens Jöckle: Kiedrich im Rheingau. (= Kunstführer; Nr. 1465). 9. Auflage. Schnell und Steiner, Regensburg 1997, ISBN 3-7954-6036-0
  • Josef Staab: Kiedrich in alten Ansichten. Europäische Bibliothek, Zaltbommel 1992, ISBN 90-288-5174-7
  • Josef Staab (publisher): St.-Valentinuskirche in Kiedrich. 1493–1993. Zur 500Jahrfeier ihrer Vollendung. Katholisches Pfarramt St. Valentin, Kiedrich 1993, ISBN 3-921865-04-2
  • Josef Staab, Bruno Kriesel, Rudolf Fenzl: Kiedrich im Rheingau, das gotische Weindorf. Geschichte, Kunst, Kultur von A-Z. Förderkreis Kiedricher Geschichts- und Kulturzeugen, Kiedrich 2003, ISBN 3-9808438-4-X
  • Förderkreis Kiedricher Geschichts- und Kulturzeugen e.V. "Kiedricher Persönlichkeiten aus sieben Jahrhunderten", ISBN 978-3-00-025555-7

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Die Bevölkerung der hessischen Gemeinden". Hessisches Statistisches Landesamt (in German). July 2013. 
  2. ^ Die Kiedricher Chorbuben at the Boys Choirs and Soloists directory (English/German)
  3. ^ "Elisabeth Scholl (Soprano)". bach-cantatas.com. 2001. Retrieved 17 November 2010. 
  4. ^ Winery Robert Weil on the Rheingau Musik Festival website (German/English)

External links[edit]


This article incorporates information from the German Wikipedia.