Kyiv International Airport (Zhuliany)

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Kyiv International Airport (Zhuliany)
Міжнародний аеропорт "Київ" (Жуляни)
Kyiv International Airport Logo.gif
Kiev - Zhulyany (IEV - UKKK) AN2326841.jpg
IATA: IEV[1]ICAO: UKKK
WMO: 33345
Summary
Airport type Public / Military
Owner City of Kiev/Govt. of Ukraine
Serves Kiev, Ukraine
Location Zhuliany
Opened 1924
Focus city for
Elevation AMSL 587 ft / 179 m
Coordinates 50°24′06″N 30°27′06″E / 50.40167°N 30.45167°E / 50.40167; 30.45167Coordinates: 50°24′06″N 30°27′06″E / 50.40167°N 30.45167°E / 50.40167; 30.45167
Website www.airport.kiev.ua
Map
IEV is located in Kiev Oblast
IEV
IEV
Location in Kiev Oblast
Runways
Direction Length Surface
ft m
08/26 7,579 2,310 Concrete
Statistics (2013)
Passengers Increase 1,838,393

Kyiv International Airport (Zhuliany) (Ukrainian: Міжнародний аеропорт "Київ" (Жуляни)) (IATA: IEVICAO: UKKK) is one of the two passenger airports of the Ukrainian capital Kiev. It is owned by the municipality of Kiev and located in the southern Zhuliany neighbourhood of the city.

History[edit]

Beginning of the passenger services[edit]

Zhuliany's original Soviet-built passenger terminal, serving as the domestic terminal until mid-2013.

The airport is known since 1923 as a military airfield that was co-used by the "Ukrpovitroshlyakh" ("Ukrainian Society of Air Communications") which in 1934 was completely integrated into Aeroflot as the latter's regional administration. The airport terminal was built only after the World War II in 1949. Until the 1960s, Zhuliany was the only passenger airport serving Kiev.

Secondary domestic role[edit]

In 1959, the larger Boryspil International Airport was built near the city of Boryspil, gradually replacing Zhuliany as the main airport serving the city. Since that time the old "Kyiv" airport became commonly known just as "Zhuliany" (or Kyiv-Zhuliany) and was used for Soviet domestic flights only.

International flights and traffic revival[edit]

After Ukraine gained independence in 1991, "Kyiv" airport began receiving international flights from nearby countries (first from its former Soviet "domestic" destinations), increasingly so since the 2000s when Ukraine's civil aviation started booming. On 27 March 2011, Wizz Air, the locally-pioneering low cost airline, moved all its operations to "Zhuliany" from the Boryspil Airport,[2] - starting the new era of around-the-clock flights at the airport and increasing the passenger traffic by 1520%.

In 2012, the airport has managed to survive the European cold wave without major flight delays or cancellations.[3]

Surrounded by major railways, highways and residential districts, the airport has limited possibilities to expand its runway. Therefore, it is limited in the weight of aircraft that are allowed to fly in the airport (currently up to Boeing 737/Airbus A320 type). In 2013, the airport declared plans to expand the runway for additional 150 m, although stressing complete safety and operability of its current length.[4]

Other parts of the airport infrastructure are also being developed. The new "A" terminal opened on 17 May 2012,[5][6] now receives all international and some domestic flights. Projects for expanding Zhuliany's taxiways and aircraft parking lots considered as well.

Post-Euro-2012 growth and rivalry with Boryspil[edit]

In the first half of 2013, the airport's passenger traffic rose 2.7 times (to 816 757) since the beginning of the year, including 4.2-fold growth of the domestic traffic.[7] According to the media and industry experts, once underdog Zhuliany Airport has rapidly grown into a major, and more efficient, competitor to the country's leading Boryspil Airport.[8]

In 2013, the airport opened new domestic terminal and new business terminal,[9] with currently 3 terminals in service.

Airlines and destinations[edit]

Passenger[edit]

Airlines Destinations Terminal
Aegean Airlines Athens
Seasonal: Kalamata
A
Air One Seasonal: Catania[10] A
Aviatrans Kiev Seasonal: Antalya, Athens, Pisa, Heraklion, Varna A
flydubai Dubai A
Khors Air Ivano-Frankivsk
Charter: Athens[11]
A/B
Motor Sich Airlines Kryvyi Rih, Uzhhorod,[12] Zaporizhia[12] B
Transaero Airlines Moscow-Domodedovo, Moscow-Vnukovo,[13] Perm, Saint Petersburg, Ufa, Yekaterinburg A
UTair Aviation Moscow-Vnukovo A
UTair Ukraine Donetsk, Lviv
Cancelled due to the Crimea`s annexation: Simferopol
A*
Vueling Seasonal: Barcelona A
Wind Rose Aviation Donetsk A
Wizz Air Budapest, London-Luton A
Wizz Air Ukraine Antalya, Bergamo, Cologne/Bonn, Dortmund, Girona, Katowice, Kutaisi,[14] Larnaca (begins 1 May 2014), Lübeck, Memmingen,Milan-Malpensa (begins 13 May 2014), Naples (begins 14 June 2014), Sofia,[15] Treviso, Valencia, Vilnius[15] A
Yanair Kharkiv, Odessa
Cancelled due to the Crimea`s annexation: Simferopol
B

As of July 2013, Moscow, Treviso and Dortmund were the most popular international destinations in the airport, with Simferopil, Donetsk and Odessa leading among domestic destinations.[7]

Cargo[edit]

Airlines Destinations
SprintAir Warsaw-Chopin
Dartair Antalya

^* - UTair Ukraine domestic flights arrive at Terminal B, but depart from terminal A

Statistics[edit]

Year Passengers
2010 29,000
2011 469,800
2012 862,000
2013 1,838,393

Executive aviation[edit]

Aside from facilitating regular passenger flights, Kyiv International Airport is also the main business aviation airport in Ukraine, and one of the busiest business aviation hubs in Europe.[16]

Public transport connections[edit]

Road transport[edit]

The Airport is connected to the city's main highway infrastructure via the Povitroflotskyi Avenue, and served by a number of city transport routes, including:

as well as private bus routes.

Car parking facilities at the airport itself are limited, however, long stay parking can be found in the airport's immediate vicinity. Taxis can often be found waiting directly outside of the terminal, in the passenger drop-off/pick-up area.

Railway connection[edit]

The airport's passenger terminal is located about 0.5 km away from the Kyiv-Volynskyi rail station - a stop for elektrichka commuter trains as well as for the new intracity Urban Electric Train service.

Future Metro connection[edit]

Plans for the Orange line 4 Podilsko-Vyhurivska Line, which is now under construction elsewhere in the city, include the Airport transfer station from the 'Zhulyany' Airport. The station is expected to be constructed by 2020.

Neighboring aviation facilities[edit]

A major aircraft maintenance, repair and overhaul company, ARP-410, adjoins the airport.

In 2003, the Ukraine State Aviation Museum was created in one of the industrial estates neighboring the airport. It is the largest aviation museum in Ukraine, exhibiting some unique Soviet examples including original prototypes for famous airliners.

Ukrainian Air Force maintains a small training facility in the vicinity of the Zhuliany airport.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Code IATA «IeV» from old soviet transliteration Kiev. KIE was already used by Kieta Airport
  2. ^ Wizz Air перевела свої рейси з Борисполя в Жуляни
  3. ^ Столичні аеропорти працюють у штатному режимі (Ukrainian)
  4. ^ "ЧП в Жулянах: авиакомпания жалуется на посадочную полосу, аэропорт намекает на ошибку экипажа". Korrespondent.net. 2013-07-16. Retrieved 24 August 2013. 
  5. ^ Kolesnikov opens new terminal at Kyiv Airport
  6. ^ Digital Journal: Ukraine opens second airport in Kyiv
  7. ^ a b "Аэропорт Жуляны похвалился трехкратным ростом пассажиропотока в 2013". Korrespondent.net (in Russian). 09.07.2013. Retrieved 24 August 2013. 
  8. ^ Тымкив, Каролина (03/05/2013). "Киев уходит в небо. Аэропорт Жуляны превращается в младшего брата-счастливчика не слишком успешного Борисполя". Korrespondent. Retrieved 24 August 2013. 
  9. ^ "Kyiv international airport opens business terminal". Kyiv Post. 13 December 2013. Retrieved 2 January 2014. 
  10. ^ "Air One вернется в Украину, начав полеты Катания-Киев". avianews.com by Aviation Today. 15 April 2013. Retrieved 15 April 2013. 
  11. ^ Онлайн-бронирование
  12. ^ a b Синицына, Елена (4 February 2013). ""Борисполь" покинули еще две авиакомпании". ООО «Коммерсантъ-Украина». Retrieved 5 February 2013. 
  13. ^ "City pairs Schedule". Information and Services. JSC "TRANSAERO" Airlines. Retrieved 19 December 2012. 
  14. ^ Kirtzkhalia, N. (4 June 2012). "Georgian President presents entry of Hungarian low budget airlines into country's market". Trend News Agency. Retrieved 5 June 2012. 
  15. ^ a b Evans, Piers (21 March 2013). "Wizz Air unveils three routes from Ukraine". Routes News. Retrieved 21 March 2013. 
  16. ^ "Жуляны" настроены по-деловому(Ukrainian)

External links[edit]

Media related to Kyiv International Airport (Zhuliany) at Wikimedia Commons