Kyiv International Airport (Zhuliany)

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For the larger international airport serving Kiev, see Boryspil International Airport.
Kyiv International Airport (Zhuliany)
Міжнародний аеропорт "Київ" (Жуляни)
Kyiv International Airport Logo.gif
Kiev - Zhulyany (IEV - UKKK) AN2250734.jpg
IATA: IEV[1]ICAO: UKKK
WMO: 33345
Summary
Airport type Public / Military
Owner City of Kiev/Govt. of Ukraine
Serves Kiev, Ukraine
Location Zhuliany
Opened 1924
Focus city for Wizz Air[2]
Elevation AMSL 587 ft / 179 m
Coordinates 50°24′06″N 30°27′06″E / 50.40167°N 30.45167°E / 50.40167; 30.45167Coordinates: 50°24′06″N 30°27′06″E / 50.40167°N 30.45167°E / 50.40167; 30.45167
Website airport.kiev.ua
Map
IEV is located in Kiev Oblast
IEV
IEV
Location in Kiev Oblast
Runways
Direction Length Surface
ft m
08/26 7,579 2,310 Concrete
Statistics (2013)
Passengers Increase 1,838,393

Kyiv International Airport (Zhuliany) (Ukrainian: Міжнародний аеропорт "Київ" (Жуляни)) (IATA: IEVICAO: UKKK) is one of the two passenger airports of the Ukrainian capital Kiev. It is owned by the municipality of Kiev and located in the southern Zhuliany neighbourhood of the city. Aside from facilitating regular passenger flights, Kyiv International Airport is also the main business aviation airport in Ukraine, and one of the busiest business aviation hubs in Europe.[3]

History[edit]

Early years[edit]

The airport is known since 1923 as a military airfield that was co-used by the "Ukrpovitroshlyakh" ("Ukrainian Society of Air Communications") which in 1934 was completely integrated into Aeroflot as the latter's regional administration. The airport terminal was built only after the World War II in 1949. Until the 1960s, Zhuliany was the only passenger airport serving Kiev.

In 1959, the larger Boryspil International Airport was built near the city of Boryspil, gradually replacing Zhuliany as the main airport serving the city. Since that time the old "Kiev" airport became commonly known just as "Zhuliany" (or Kyiv-Zhuliany) and was used for Soviet domestic flights only.

International flights and traffic revival[edit]

After Ukraine gained independence in 1991, "Kyiv" airport began receiving international flights from nearby countries (first from its former Soviet "domestic" destinations), increasingly so since the 2000s when Ukraine's civil aviation started booming. On 27 March 2011, Wizz Air, the locally-pioneering low cost airline, moved all its operations to "Zhuliany" from the Boryspil Airport,[4] - starting the new era of around-the-clock flights at the airport and increasing the passenger traffic by 1520%.

In 2012, the airport has managed to survive the European cold wave without major flight delays or cancellations.[5]

Surrounded by major railways, highways and residential districts, the airport has limited possibilities to expand its runway. Therefore, it is limited in the weight of aircraft that are allowed to fly in the airport (currently up to Boeing 737/Airbus A320 type). In 2013, the airport declared plans to expand the runway for additional 150 m, although stressing complete safety and operability of its current length.[6] Other parts of the airport infrastructure are also being developed. The new "A" terminal opened on 17 May 2012,[7][8] now receives all international and some domestic flights. Projects for expanding Zhuliany's taxiways and aircraft parking lots considered as well.

Recent developments[edit]

In the first half of 2013, the airport's passenger traffic rose 2.7-fold (to 816 757) since the beginning of the year, including 4.2-fold growth of the domestic traffic.[9] According to the media and industry experts, once underdog Zhuliany Airport has rapidly grown into a major, and more efficient, competitor to the country's leading Boryspil Airport.[10]

As of July 2013, Moscow, Treviso and Dortmund were the most popular international destinations from the airport, with Simferopol, Donetsk and Odessa leading among domestic destinations.[9] Also in 2013, the airport opened a new domestic terminal and a new business terminal,[11] with currently 3 terminals in service.

In March 2015, Wizz Air Ukraine announced that it would cease operations leading to the cancellation of several routes from their base at the airport. Only some of their former routes were taken over by its parent, Wizz Air.[12]

Airlines and destinations[edit]

The original Soviet-built passenger terminal, serving as the domestic terminal until mid-2013
Airlines Destinations Terminal
Aegean Airlines Athens, Larnaca (resumes 30 May 2015) A
Aviatrans Kiev Seasonal: Antalya, Athens, Heraklion, Pisa, Varna A
Dniproavia Dnipropetrovsk (begins 11 May 2015)[13] TBU
flydubai Dubai-International A
Khors Air Charter: Athens A
Motor Sich Airlines Uzhhorod, Zaporizhia D
Transaero Airlines Moscow-Domodedovo, Moscow-Vnukovo A
UTair Ukraine Lviv, Moscow-Vnukovo A, B
Vueling Seasonal: Barcelona A
Wizz Air Budapest, Cologne/Bonn, Dortmund, Katowice, Larnaca, Lübeck, London-Luton, Memmingen, Vilnius (begins 16 September 2015) A
Yanair Batumi (resumes 6 June 2015)[14] A

Neighboring aviation facilities[edit]

  • A major aircraft maintenance, repair and overhaul company, ARP-410, adjoins the airport.
  • In 2003, the Ukraine State Aviation Museum was created in one of the industrial estates neighboring the airport. It is the largest aviation museum in Ukraine, exhibiting some unique Soviet examples including original prototypes for famous airliners.
  • The Ukrainian Air Force maintains a small training facility in the vicinity of the Zhuliany Airport.

Statistics[edit]

Year Passengers Change
2010 29,000 -
2011 469,800 Increase01.520%
2012 862,000 Increase083.5%
2013 1,838,393 Increase0113.3%

Ground transportation[edit]

Road[edit]

The Airport is connected to the city's main highway infrastructure via the Povitroflotskyi Avenue, and served by a number of city transport routes, including:

as well as private bus routes. Car parking facilities at the airport itself are limited, however, long stay parking can be found in the airport's immediate vicinity. Taxis can often be found waiting directly outside the terminal, in the passenger drop-off/pick-up area.

Rail[edit]

The airport's passenger terminal is located about 0.5 km away from the Kyiv-Volynskyi rail station - a stop for elektrichka commuter trains as well as for the new intracity Urban Electric Train service.

Metro[edit]

Plans for the Orange line 4 Podilsko-Vyhurivska Line, which is now under construction elsewhere in the city, include the Airport transfer station from the 'Zhulyany' Airport. The station is expected to be constructed by 2050.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Code IATA «IeV» from old soviet transliteration Kiev. KIE was already used by Kieta Airport
  2. ^ "Wizzair wickelt Ukraine-Tochter ab" [Wizzair handles Ukrainian subsidiary] (in German). aero.de. 27 March 2015. Retrieved 19 April 2015. 
  3. ^ "Жуляны" настроены по-деловому ["Juliani" set up to do business] (in Russian). Kommersant.ua. 7 December 2012. Retrieved 19 April 2015. 
  4. ^ Wizz Air перевела свої рейси з Борисполя в Жуляни [Wizz Air has transferred its flights from Boryspil to Juliani]. News.bigmir.net (in Russian). 25 September 2014. Retrieved 19 April 2015. 
  5. ^ Столичні аеропорти працюють у штатному режимі [The capital's airports are operating in normal mode]. Kiev.unian.net (in Ukrainian). 14 February 2012. Retrieved 19 April 2015. 
  6. ^ ЧП в Жулянах: авиакомпания жалуется на посадочную полосу, аэропорт намекает на ошибку экипажа [Problem at Zhuliany: Airline complains about the runway, airport implies crew error]. Korrespondent.net (in Russian). 13 July 2013. Retrieved 24 August 2013. 
  7. ^ "Kolesnikov opens new terminal at Kyiv Airport". Kyiv Post. 17 May 2012. Archived from the original on 2012-05-17. Retrieved 19 April 2015. 
  8. ^ "Digital Journal: Ukraine opens second airport in Kyiv". Kyiv Post. 22 May 2012. Archived from the original on 2012-05-23. Retrieved 19 April 2015. 
  9. ^ a b Аэропорт Жуляны похвалился трехкратным ростом пассажиропотока в 2013 [Juliani Airport boasting a three-fold increase in passenger traffic in 2013]. Korrespondent.net (in Russian). 9 July 2013. Retrieved 24 August 2013. 
  10. ^ Киев уходит в небо. Аэропорт Жуляны превращается в младшего брата-счастливчика не слишком успешного Борисполя [Kiev is heading for the skies. Juliani airport is turning to the success of its younger brother, Boryspil] (in Russian). Korrespondent.net. 13 May 2013. Retrieved 19 April 2015. 
  11. ^ "Kyiv international airport opens business terminal". Kyiv Post. 13 December 2013. Retrieved 2 January 2014. 
  12. ^ "Wizz Air Further Restructures Ukrainian Operations". Wizzair.com. 26 March 2015. Retrieved 19 April 2015. 
  13. ^ "Flight schedule". «Dniproavia» airlines. Retrieved 29 April 2015. 
  14. ^ "З "Жулян" у Грузію додадуть нові рейси". Українська правда. Iнтерфакс-Україна. 27 April 2015. Retrieved 28 April 2015. 

External links[edit]

Media related to Kyiv International Airport (Zhuliany) at Wikimedia Commons

 This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the National Weather Service.