Kiev metropolitan area

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The Kiev metropolitan area (Ukrainian: Київська агломерація; Kyivs’ka ahlomeratsia) is an unofficially-designated urban agglomeration in Ukraine within the Kiev Oblast, consisting of the country's capital city of Kiev, its satellite settlements and nearest rural areas closely bound to the city by employment and commerce. According to different sources, it is ranked among 20 largest metropolitan areas in Europe.

Area and population[edit]

  • Total population: censae and estimates numbers vary from 3.275.000 [1] to 3,648,900 (some other sources[which?] bring 4,130,000 - 5,206,000);
  • Kiev City proper population:
    • official: 2,847,200 as of July 2013;[2]
    • 2,611,300 as of the 2001 Ukrainian census
    • at least 3.5 million, according to the 2007 estimates based on the amount of bakery products sold in the city (thus including temporary visitors and commuters)[3]
  • Suburban population: 1,076,000[citation needed][4]
  • Total area: 13,534 km².
  • Population density: 268,4 people/km².

Consisting urban settlements and administrative subdivisions[edit]

The metropolitan area includes the following cities: Kiev, Berezan, Boryspil, Brovary, Vasylkiv, Irpin, Rzhyschiv, and Fastiv.[citation needed] The city of Kiev also creates a very close conurbation with such cities as Irpin-Bucha, Brovary, Vyshhorod, and Vyshneve, while cities Boyarka and Boryspil are located in close vicinity. The town of Kotsiubynske is located within the city limits of Kiev, while being subordinate to the city council of Irpin.

The agglomeration stretches over some 11 raions of Kiev Oblast: Baryshivka,[dubious ] Boryspil, Borodianka, Brovary, Fastiv, Kaharlyk,[dubious ] Kiev-Sviatoshyn, Makariv, Obukhiv, Vasylkiv and Vyshhorod.

Economy and infrastructure[edit]

Transport[edit]

Simplified map of the major railway lines in Kiev Oblast.

The area has a highly developed railway and road infrastructure, being linked to Kiev through the suburban railways, buses and minibuses.

Kiev metropolitan area is served by two international passenger airports: Boryspil Airport and Kyiv (Zhuliany) Airport; there are also the Gostomel cargo airport and additional three operating airfields facilitating airplane manufacturing and general aviation.

Environment[edit]

According to the UN 2011 evaluation, there were no risks of natural disasters in the Kiev metropolitan area[5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Major Agglomerations of the World". Citypopulation.de. 2013-04-01. Retrieved 27 August 2013. 
  2. ^ "Соціально-економічне становище м.Києва: Січень–липень 2013 року". Department of Statistics, Kiev City State Administration. July 2013. Retrieved 1 September 2013. 
  3. ^ "There are up to 1.5 mln undercounted residents in Kiev". Korrespondent (in Russian). 15 June 2007. Retrieved 2 September 2013. 
  4. ^ (out of the 1,722,875 total population of the Kiev Oblast outside the Kiev City)
  5. ^ "Urban agglomerations with 750,000 inhabitants or more in 2011 and types of natural risks". United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. April 2012. Retrieved 2 September 2013. 

External links[edit]

  • Алфьоров М.А. Урбанізаційні процеси в Україні в 1945-1991 рр: Монографія/ М.А.Алфьоров – Донецьк: Донецьке відділення НТШ ім. Шевченка, ТОВ «Східний видавничий дім» 2012. – 552 с. (Ukrainian)