Kifl Haris

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Kifl Haris
Other transcription(s)
 • Arabic كفل حارس
 • Also spelled Kifl Hares (official)
Kefl Harith (unofficial)
View of Kifl Hares, 2011
View of Kifl Hares, 2011
Kifl Haris is located in the Palestinian territories
Kifl Haris
Kifl Haris
Location of Kifl Haris within the Palestinian territories
Coordinates: 32°07′07.02″N 35°09′25.02″E / 32.1186167°N 35.1569500°E / 32.1186167; 35.1569500Coordinates: 32°07′07.02″N 35°09′25.02″E / 32.1186167°N 35.1569500°E / 32.1186167; 35.1569500
Governorate Salfit
Government
 • Type Village Council
 • Head of Municipality Ahmad Buziah[1]
Population (2007)[2]
 • Jurisdiction 3,248
Name meaning "The village of the guard"[3]

Kifl Haris (Arabic: كفل حارس‎) is a Palestinian village in the northern West Bank, located six kilometers west of Salfit and 18 kilometers south of Nablus in the Salfit Governorate, northwest of the Israeli settlement city Ariel.

History[edit]

Ottoman Empire[edit]

In 1517, the village was incorporated into the Ottoman Empire with the rest of Palestine, and in 1596, Kafr Harit appeared in Ottoman tax registers as being in nahiya (subdistrict) of Jabal Qubal under the liwa' (district) of Nablus. It had a population of 54 households, all Muslim. They paid taxes on occasional revenues, goats and/or beehives, and a fixed amount.[4]

In the late Ottoman period, in 1870, the French explorer Victor Guérin reached the village, after walking trough "beautiful plantations of figs and olives". He estimated it had 600 inhabitants.[5] The name of this place was given to Guérin as Kefil Haris. The Wely marked on the Palestine Exploration Fund 1880s map as Sheikh Ata, 1 mile north-east of Kefr Haris, is called by him Sheikh Khather. He also calls attention to the remains of an old watchtower built of large, well-cut stones, between Deir Estia and Kefr Haris. At the latter place he found two broken marble columns built up in the wall of the mosque.[6]

In 1882, it was described as a "somewhat small village on high ground, with olive groves to the east. It has three sacred places, Neby Kifl, Neby Nun, and Neby Lusha. [..]"[7]

British Mandate of Palestine[edit]

In the 1922 census of Palestine conducted by the British Mandate authorities, Kufr Hares had a population of 373, all Muslim,[8] increasing in the 1931 census to 562 persons, still all Muslim, in 130 houses.[9]

In 1945 the population was 770 Arabs while the total land area was 9,393 dunams, according to an official land and population survey.[10] Of this, 4,117 were allocated for plantations and irrigable land, 2,131 for cereals,[11] while 32 dunams were classified as built-up areas.[12]

Tomb of Joshua[edit]

According to a Samaritan tradition, noted in 1877, the tombs of Joshua and Caleb were in Kifl Haris.[13]

Biblical tradition places the tomb of Joshua, Caleb, and Nun according to Joshua 24:30 in Timnath-heres which is attributed to be the current location of Kifl Haris.[citation needed] Thousands make the pilgrimage to the tombs on the annual commemoration of Joshua's death, 26th of Nisan on the Hebrew calendar.[citation needed]

Tomb of Joshua

References[edit]

  1. ^ Municipalities Nablus Municipality
  2. ^ 2007 PCBS Census Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics. p. 112.
  3. ^ Palmer, 1881, p. 230
  4. ^ Hütteroth and Abdulfattah, 1977, p. 131
  5. ^ Guérin, 1875, p. 161
  6. ^ Guérin, 1875, p. 161, as translated by Conder and Kitchener, 1882, p. 324
  7. ^ Conder and Kitchener, 1882, SWP II, pp. 284-285
  8. ^ Barron ,1923, Table IX, Sub-district of Nablus, p. 25
  9. ^ Mills, 1932, p. 61.
  10. ^ Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 60
  11. ^ Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 107
  12. ^ Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 157
  13. ^ Conder and Kitchener, 1882, p. 218 - 219

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]