Kigoma

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
For the town in Burundi, see Kigoma, Burundi.
KIGOMA
Kilolo
KIGOMA is located in Tanzania
KIGOMA
KIGOMA
Location in Tanzania
Coordinates: 4°53′S 29°38′E / 4.883°S 29.633°E / -4.883; 29.633
Country  Tanzania
Region Kigoma Region
District Kigoma Urban District
Population (2012)
 • Total 2,127,930
 •  100,000
Time zone East Africa Time (UTC+3)
The train station

Kigoma is a town and lake port in western Tanzania, on the eastern shore of Lake Tanganyika and close to the border with Burundi. It serves as the capital for the surrounding Kigoma Region and has a population of 135,234 (2007 census) and an elevation of 775 m.

The historic trading town of Ujiji is 6 km south-east of Kigoma.

Kigoma Port[edit]

Lake Tanganyika

Kigoma is one of the busiest ports on Lake Tanganyika, since historically it was the only one that had a functioning railway connection (the one at Kalemie in DR Congo is not operational), a direct link to the seaport at Dar-es-Salaam. Kigoma Port in Kigoma Bay has a wharf of two hundred metres and several cranes and is equipped to handle shipping containers.[1] However, the bay is suffering from silting up as a result of soil erosion from surrounding hills, and the water depth at wharfside has diminished from 6 m to 1.8 m which threatens the economic future of the port. In May 2007 the Tanzanian Government announced a plan to create an economic zone at the port to stimulate trade.[2]

Lake ferries including the MV Liemba sail from Kigoma to Bujumbura in Burundi, Kalundu-Uvira, Kalemie in DR Congo, Mpulungu in Zambia at the southern tip of the lake, and a number of other lakeside towns in Tanzania.

Road connections for Kigoma are poor however. A gravel road links the town northeast to the national road network, and earth tracks link north to Burundi and southeast to Sumbawanga.[3]

Kigoma-Dar es Salaam Railway[edit]

The Central Line of the Tanzania Railways Corporation runs from Kigoma to the port of Dar-es-Salaam on the Indian Ocean coast via Tabora and Dodoma. It was completed in 1915 when Kigoma was part of German East Africa. In Tabora, there is connection to Mwanza on Lake Victoria, with ferry connections to Uganda. At Tabora you can also travel by train to Mpanda. For a time in early 2010, the line was closed[4] but service has apparently been restored.[5]

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Kigoma
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 27
(80)
27
(81)
27
(81)
27
(81)
28
(83)
28
(83)
28
(83)
29
(84)
29
(85)
29
(84)
27
(80)
26
(79)
27.7
(82)
Average low °C (°F) 19
(67)
19
(67)
19
(67)
19
(67)
19
(67)
18
(64)
17
(63)
18
(64)
20
(68)
21
(69)
20
(68)
19
(67)
19
(66.5)
Precipitation mm (inches) 122
(4.8)
130
(5)
150
(5.9)
130
(5.1)
43
(1.7)
5
(0.2)
3
(0.1)
5
(0.2)
18
(0.7)
48
(1.9)
142
(5.6)
135
(5.3)
931
(36.5)
Source: Weatherbase [6]

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Tanzania Railways Corporation: Kigoma Port. Retrieved 30 May 2007.
  2. ^ Daily News, Tanzania: "500m/- set for Kigoma economic zone." Monday, May 28, 2007. Retrieved 31 May 2007.
  3. ^ Michelin Motoring and Tourist Map (2000): "No 955 Africa Central and South". Michelin, Paris.
  4. ^ The Economist, Burundi's election; Pretty squalid; East Africa’s weakest new component Retrieved 24 July 2010
  5. ^ The Washington Post, A train ride across Tanzania Retrieved 9 October 2010
  6. ^ "Weatherbase: Historical Weather for Kigoma, Tanzania". Weatherbase. 2011.  Retrieved on November 24, 2011.

Coordinates: 04°53′S 29°38′E / 4.883°S 29.633°E / -4.883; 29.633