Kiladar

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Kiladar was a title for the governor of a fort or large town in medieval India, particularly in the Mughal Empire and also in Maratha Empire.[1] In Maratha Empire, the title was commonly pronounced as 'Killedar' (Marathi: किल्लेदार).The office of Kiladar had the same functions as that of Castellan.[2]

Etymology[edit]

The title is composed of the Persian word for fort "Kila", and the suffix "Dar", signifying an occupation. The military historian R.H.R. Smythies originally translated the term as "Custodian of the Fort".[3][4]

History[edit]

A Kiladar was the official commander of a fort usually chosen by the Mughal Emperor, after a successful siege. Kiladars were particularly honored by Akbar during his campaigns and later by Muhammad Shah.[5][5]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Archaeological Survey of India (1885). Reports. Office of the Superintendent of Government Printing. pp. 122–. Retrieved 13 June 2010. 
  2. ^ Taylor, Alice Meadows; Bruce, Henry (1920). The story of my life. H. Milford, Oxford university press. pp. 312–. Retrieved 13 June 2010. 
  3. ^ Smythies, Raymond Henry Raymond (1894). Historical records of the 40th (2nd Somersetshire) Regiment, now 1st Battalion the Prince of Wales's Volunteers (South Lancashire Regiment).: From its formation, in 1717 to 1893. Printed for the subscribers by A.H. Swiss. pp. 256–. Retrieved 13 June 2010. 
  4. ^ Smith, Vincent Arthur; Cunningham, Sir Alexander (1887). General index to the reports of the Archaeological Survey of India, volumes I to XXIII. Printed by the Superintendent of Government Printing. pp. 207–. Retrieved 13 June 2010. 
  5. ^ a b Chaurasia, R.S. (2004-01-01). History of the Marathas. Atlantic Publishers & Distributors. pp. 196–. ISBN 978-81-269-0394-8. Retrieved 13 June 2010.