Kilan

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Kilan
كيلان
city
Kilan is located in Iran
Kilan
Kilan
Coordinates: 35°33′13″N 52°09′48″E / 35.55361°N 52.16333°E / 35.55361; 52.16333Coordinates: 35°33′13″N 52°09′48″E / 35.55361°N 52.16333°E / 35.55361; 52.16333
Country  Iran
Province Tehran
County Damavand
Bakhsh Central
Population (2006)
 • Total 3,038
Time zone IRST (UTC+3:30)
 • Summer (DST) IRDT (UTC+4:30)
An inhabitant of Kilan

Kilan (Persian: كيلان‎, or more properly, Kailan, also Romanized as Kīlān; also known as Kilun)[1] is a city in the Central District of Damavand County, Tehran Province, Iran. At the 2006 census, its population was 3,038, in 913 families.[2]

The name is derived from the Kurdish tribe of Kailan/Khailan/Gailan who were settled in this region in the Safavid period. Only a few still speak Kurdish and mostly further up north toward Kelardasht. The local folklore, however, produces a folk etymology for the now mysterious name as "meaning ' Kingsplace.

In the mountain area of Kilan, leftovers were found from people living there about eighteen thousand years ago. The mountains around the town, like Dar Ali, are scattered with remainders from the Cenozoic.

As of 2006, there are around 3,000 inhabitants, with a remarkably high (75%) of the inhabitants of the town having academic degrees.

The name is a popular last name across the Islamic World. This is largely due to the impact of the famous medieval mystic, Abdul-Qadir Gilani, the Sufi master of the Qadiriyya Sufi order. The Prime Minister of Pakistan Yousaf Raza Gillani, for example, carries this as his last name. But this is because of their adherence to the Qadiriyya Sufims than belonging to the tribe or family by that last name.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Kilan can be found at GEOnet Names Server, at this link, by opening the Advanced Search box, entering "-3071654" in the "Unique Feature Id" form, and clicking on "Search Database".
  2. ^ "Census of the Islamic Republic of Iran, 1385 (2006)" (Excel). Islamic Republic of Iran. Archived from the original on 2011-11-11. 

External links[edit]