Kilauea Plantation

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The Kilauea Plantation or Kilauea Sugar Plantation was a large sugarcane plantation on the north side of Kauai island, Hawaii, including the community of Kilauea, Hawaii. It was owned and operated by the 1880-incorporated Kilauea Sugar Company, which became the Kilauea Sugar Plantation, Co. from 1899 on.[1][2] The original property was bought by an American, Charles Titcomb, from Kamehameha IV by 1863 who used it for cattle ranching. It was sold to Englishmen John Ross and E.P. Adams, who also leased additional land from Titcomb. Ross and Adams planted sugarcane, then incorporated a firm. It was operated as a plantation from 1880 to 1971.[3]

Historic buildings[edit]

Several historic buildings of the plantation survive, and are listed on the U.S. National Register of Historic Places (NRHP).[4] Among these are several stone buildings, of a local style that took advantage of fieldstone removed from sugarcane fields. Temporary railway tracks were laid down to transport the fieldstone from piles beside the fields to the building locations.[2]

Kilauea Plantation Manager's House[edit]

Kilauea Plantation Manager's House
Location 4591 Kauwa Rd., Kilauea, Hawaii
Coordinates 22°12′20″N 159°24′44″W / 22.20556°N 159.41222°W / 22.20556; -159.41222
Area 13 acres (5.3 ha)
Built 1926
Built by Larsen, L. David
Architectural style Bungalow/craftsman
Governing body Private
MPS Kilauea Plantation Stone Buildings MPS
NRHP Reference # 93000777[4]
Added to NRHP August 5, 1993

The Kilauea Plantation Manager's House, at 4591 Kuawa Rd. in Kilauea, was NRHP-listed in 1993; the listing includes three contributing buildings.[5]

Kilauea Plantation Head Luna's House[edit]

Kilauea Plantation Head Luna's House
Kauai-Kilauea-KoloRd2457-yard.JPG
Location 2457 Kolo Rd., Kilauea, Hawaii
Coordinates 22°12′30″N 159°24′46″W / 22.20833°N 159.41278°W / 22.20833; -159.41278
Area less than one acre
Built 1931
Built by Allen, Ray M.
Architectural style Bungalow/craftsman
Governing body Private
MPS Kilauea Plantation Stone Buildings MPS
NRHP Reference # 93000775[4]
Added to NRHP August 5, 1993

Also known at the William Akana Residence, the Kilauea Plantation Head Luna's House, at 2457 Kolo Rd. in Kilauea, also was NRHP-listed in 1993.[4][6]

Kilauea Plantation Head Bookkeeper's House[edit]

Kilauea Plantation Head Bookkeeper's House
Kauai-Kilauea-KoloRd2421.JPG
Location 2421 Kolo Rd., Kilauea, Hawaii
Coordinates 22°12′30″N 159°24′46″W / 22.20833°N 159.41278°W / 22.20833; -159.41278
Area less than one acre
Built 1930
Built by Allen, Ray M.
Architectural style Bungalow/craftsman
Governing body Private
MPS Kilauea Plantation Stone Buildings MPS
NRHP Reference # 93000774[4]
Added to NRHP August 5, 1993

The Kilauea Plantation Head Bookkeeper's House, at 2421 Kolo Rd. in Kilauea, Hawaii, was built in 1930. Its NRHP listing, also in 1993, included two contributing buildings.[4] The main house was the seventh stone house built by the plantation, and is a "a good example of the bungalow/craftsman style in Hawaii".[7]

Kilauea School[edit]

Main article: Kilauea School

22°12′39″N 159°24′44″W / 22.21083°N 159.41222°W / 22.21083; -159.41222 (Kilauea School)

The school for the community was the Kilauea School, located on the edge of the plantation, at 2440 Kolo Rd., Kilauea, Hawaii. It was built in 1922 and is NRHP-listed, but is not built of stone. It was listed for its architecture and its association with the community.[4][8]

Kong Lung Store[edit]

Main article: Kong Lung Store

22°12′55″N 159°24′35″W / 22.21528°N 159.40972°W / 22.21528; -159.40972 (Kong Lung Store)

This was a grocery store for plantation workers, located on W. side of Lighthouse Rd., about .5 mi N. of HI 56., and is listed on the National Register. Built in c.1941, it was the last stone building built by the plantation.[9]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Finding Aid". Kaua'i Historical Society. 
  2. ^ a b "Kilauea Plantation Stone Buildings MPS". 
  3. ^ Chris Cook (June 26, 2000). "Kilauea Plantation 1877-1971". The Garden Island. 
  4. ^ a b c d e f g "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2010-07-09. 
  5. ^ Barbara Robeson (May 23, 1991). "National Register of Historic Places Registration: Kilauea Plantation Manager's House". National Park Service.  and accompanying two photos
  6. ^ Barbara Robeson (May 23, 1991). "National Register of Historic Places Registration: Kilauea Plantation Head Luna's House". National Park Service.  and accompanying photo
  7. ^ Barbara Robeson (May 23, 1991). "National Register of Historic Places Registration: Kilauea Plantation Head Bookkeeper's House". National Park Service.  and accompanying photo
  8. ^ Beryl Blaich and Don Hibbard (February 1983). "National Register of Historic Places Inventory/Nomination: Kilauea School". National Park Service.  and accompanying three photos from 1981
  9. ^ Barbara Robeson (May 23, 1991). "National Register of Historic Places Inventory/Nomination: Kong Lung Store". National Park Service.  and accompanying photo