Kilchberg, Zürich

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Kilchberg, Zurich)
Jump to: navigation, search
For other places with the same name, see Kilchberg (disambiguation).
Kilchberg
Coat of arms of Kilchberg
Coat of arms
Kilchberg is located in Switzerland
Kilchberg
Kilchberg
Coordinates: 47°19′N 8°33′E / 47.317°N 8.550°E / 47.317; 8.550Coordinates: 47°19′N 8°33′E / 47.317°N 8.550°E / 47.317; 8.550
Country Switzerland
Canton Zürich
District Horgen
Government
 • Mayor Hans-Ulrich Forrer
Area[1]
 • Total 2.58 km2 (1.00 sq mi)
Elevation 408 m (1,339 ft)
Population (Dec 2013[2])
 • Total 7,767
 • Density 3,000/km2 (7,800/sq mi)
Postal code 8802
SFOS number 0135
Surrounded by Adliswil, Küsnacht, Rüschlikon, Zollikon, Zürich
Twin towns Kilchberg bei Tübingen (Germany)
Website www.kilchberg.ch
SFSO statistics

Kilchberg is a municipality in the district of Horgen in the canton of Zürich in Switzerland. Its coat of arms features a sky-blue shield with a trillium. Kilchberg is the site of a regional cemetery.

History[edit]

Kilchberg is first mentioned in 1248 as Hilchberch. In 1250 it was mentioned as Kilchperch.[3] It grew out of the mediaeval village of Bendlikon (first mentioned in 1250 as Benklinkon) where Kilchberg was just a section of the village.

Geography[edit]

Kilchberg has an area of 2.6 km2 (1.0 sq mi). Of this area, 26.5% is used for agricultural purposes, while 1.9% is forested. Of the rest of the land, 71.2% is settled (buildings or roads) and the remainder (0.4%) is non-productive (rivers, glaciers or mountains).[4] In 1996 housing and buildings made up 58.1% of the total area, while transportation infrastructure made up the rest (13.2%).[5] As of 2007 74.9% of the total municipal area was undergoing some type of construction.[5]

Demographics[edit]

Church of Kilchberg

Kilchberg has a population (as of 31 December 2013) of 7,767.[2] As of 2007, 21.2% of the population was made up of foreign nationals. As of 2008 the gender distribution of the population was 48.1% male and 51.9% female. Over the last 10 years the population has grown at a rate of 1.8%. Most of the population (as of 2000) speaks German (84.0%), with English being second most common ( 4.1%) and Italian being third ( 2.8%).

In the 2007 national election the most popular party was the SVP which received 30.8% of the vote. The next three most popular parties were the FDP (27.4%), the SPS (12.5%) and the CSP (10.2%).

The age distribution of the population (as of 2000) is children and teenagers (0–19 years old) make up 17.2% of the population, while adults (20–64 years old) make up 63% and seniors (over 64 years old) make up 19.8%. The entire Swiss population is generally well educated. In Kilchberg about 84.7% of the population (between age 25-64) have completed either non-mandatory upper secondary education or additional higher education (either university or a Fachhochschule).[4] There are 3,512 households in Kilchberg.[5]

As of 2008 there were 1928 Catholics and 2786 Protestants in Kilchberg. In the 2000 census, religion was broken down into several smaller categories. From the census, 44.3% were some type of Protestant, with 42.7% belonging to the Swiss Reformed Church and 1.6% belonging to other Protestant churches. 28.1% of the population were Catholic. Of the rest of the population, 0% were Muslim, 6.3% belonged to another religion (not listed), 3.3% did not give a religion, and 17.3% were atheist or agnostic.[5]

The historical population is given in the following table:[3]

year population
1467 43 households
1634 286
1671 515
1722 617
1836 958
1850 1,141
1900 1,951
1950 5,474
1970 7,546
1990 7,081
2000 7,197

Industry[edit]

Kilchberg is home to the corporate headquarters of the confectioner Lindt & Sprüngli.

Kilchberg has an unemployment rate of 1.64%. As of 2005, there were 118 people employed in the primary economic sector and about 11 businesses involved in this sector. 1479 people are employed in the secondary sector and there are 48 businesses in this sector. 1983 people are employed in the tertiary sector, with 306 businesses in this sector.[4] As of 2007 65% of the working population were employed full-time, and 35% were employed part-time.[5] Kilchberg is also the location of the private hospital Krankenhaus Sanitas.

Transport[edit]

Kilchberg railway station is a stop of the S-Bahn Zürich on the lines S8 and S24.

Tourist boat trips, run by the Zürichsee-Schifffahrtsgesellschaft, also sail from here to Zürich and Rapperswil.

International relations[edit]

Kilchberg, Zürich is twinned with:

Famous residents[edit]

Thomas Mann's grave in Kilchberg
  • German author Thomas Mann made his home in Kilchberg when he returned to Europe after World War II, and he is buried there.
  • Swiss author Conrad Ferdinand Meyer was born in Zürich (October 11, 1825) and died in Kilchberg (November 28, 1898). In his honor, there is a C.F. Meyer museum in Kilchberg.
  • Swiss-German chocolatier, David Sprüngli-Schwartz, and his son were born in Zürich but owned factories and died in Kilchberg. Their chocolate company Lindt & Sprüngli, most commonly known as Lindt, is world famous.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Arealstatistik Standard - Gemeindedaten nach 4 Hauptbereichen
  2. ^ a b Canton of Zurich Statistical Office (German) accessed 11 March 2014
  3. ^ a b Kilchberg in German, French and Italian in the online Historical Dictionary of Switzerland.
  4. ^ a b c Swiss Federal Statistical Office accessed 07-Aug-2009
  5. ^ a b c d e Statistics Zurich (German) accessed 4 August 2009

External links[edit]