Kilconquhar

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Kilconquhar (Listeni/kɨˈnjʌxər/ ki-NYUKH-ər or Listeni/kɪlˈkɒŋkər/; Scots: Kineuchar,[1] from the Scottish Gaelic: Cill Dúnchad or Conchad, Church of (St) Duncan or Conchad)[2] is a village and parish in Fife in Scotland. It includes the small hamlet of Barnyards. It is bounded by the parishes of Elie, Ceres, St Monans, Carnbee, Newburn and Largo. It is approximately 9 miles from north to south. Much of the land is agricultural or wooded. The village itself is situated inland, north of Kilconquhar Loch.

In the 18th century the village was noted as a weaving centre. This industry faded in the late 19th century. The population was at a high in 1836 of 558 but dropped to 350 in 1881. By 2011 it had fallen to just over 200.

Parish Church[edit]

Kilconquhar Parish Church is within the Church of Scotland. The historic church building is still in regular use; it is an exact, but larger scale, copy, of Cockpen and Carrington Parish Church in Midlothian[3] has an unusually tall tower for such a small parish.

St. Conquhar is noted as a Scottish saint in a 15th-century Perth Psalter. His saint's day is noted as May 3.

The new church was planned in 1818 and opened in 1821. It contains several fine stained glass windows including "The Acts of Charity" by Ward and Hughes installed in 1867 and four biblical warriors installed in the 1920s by Mrs Andrew Grant in memory of her four nephews lost in World War I.[4]

The church bell was donated by Robert, son of the Countess Dowager of Crawford, in the mid 19th century, but is an 18th-century bell, formerly in Greenwich Hospital.[4][3]

The remains of Old Kilconquhar Church lie in the churchyard. This was originally called Culdee Church and is first mentioned in 1177. In 1200 Duncan, Earl of Fife bestowed revenues from this church to the Cistercian nunnery in North Berwick. The church was consecrated in 1243 by Bishop de Bernham. In 1499 Patrick Dunbar, Laird of Kilconquhar, set up an altar to "Our Lady of Pitie (Pity)".

Other notable buildings[edit]

The local pub is the Kinneuchar Inn. It dates from around 1750.

Lochside Farm, Allan Cottage and Woodlands all date from the mid 18th century.

History[edit]

Kilconquhar Castle was formerly owned by the Adams of Kilconquhar. Adam of Kilconquhar married Marjorie, Countess of Carrick to become the Earl of Carrick. Adam went to the Crusades with Prince Edward of England and died in Acre. His widow subsequently married Robert de Brus, 6th Lord of Annandale, who thus became Earl of Carrick and Lord of Kilconquhar. Their son was Robert the Bruce.[4] [5]

Kilconquhar gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ The Online Scots Dictionary
  2. ^ Taylor, Simon; Gilbert Márkus (2009). The Place-Names of Fife, Vol. III. Donington, Lincolnshire: Shaun Tyas. pp. 303–6. ISBN 978-1-900289-97-9. 
  3. ^ a b Mitchell, Robin I. (January 1965). "A Bell Called The Countess". The Scots Magazine: 365. 
  4. ^ a b c Kilconquhar: A Hidden Gem by Jean Lindesay-Bethune 2011
  5. ^ Kilconquhar Castle http://archive.org/stream/castellateddomes05macguoft#page/304/mode/2up

Coordinates: 56°12′N 2°49′W / 56.200°N 2.817°W / 56.200; -2.817