Kilich Khan

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Kilich Khan

Hajji Nawab Khwaja Abid Siddiqi, Khwaja Abid Khan, Kilich Khan Bahadur, Ghazi Kilich Khan son of Shaikh Mir Ismail Siddiqi ( Alam Shaikh Siddiqi ) better known as Kilich Khan a title given by Emperor Shah Jahan later he became a Nawab under Emperor Aurangzeb. He was a loyal general of the Mughal Empire. He was the father of Ghazi ud-Din Khan Feroze Jung also a Mughal General and the grandfather of the celebrated Nizam-ul-Mulk Qamar-ud-din Khan, Asaf Jah I of Hyderabad.

Birth[edit]

Kilich Khan was born in Adilabad near the ancient Silk Road city of Samarkand. His father was Khwaja Ismail Siddiqi s/o Shaikh Allahdad Siddiqi s/o Abdul Rehman Shaikh Azizzan Siddiqi 14 in direct descent from Shaikh Shihab uddin Siddiqi Suhrawardy of Sohrevard in Kurdistan a celebrated Sufi mystic lived in Persia, a renowned scholar known for his piety and knowledge of the law and was even honored with the title Allum-ul-Ulemma (wisest of the wise). Through his fathers side of the family Nawab Khwaja Abid Siddiqi could trace his lineage back 34 generations to the first Caliph of Islam Abu Bakr Siddiqi and on his mothers to the Islamic prophet Muhammad himself[citation needed].

Early life[edit]

Kilich Khan broke with family tradition and became a fighter rather than a scholar. Kilich Khan is known to have utilized the Composite bow and arrow, he kept the Quran attached to his Quiver and rode along with a Crescent standard and a yellow flag. Henry Brigs a historian wrote,

In youth he was trained to the use of the bow, the spear and the sword. Riding on horseback was familiar to him from the moment he could toddle alone from his mother's knee as it is to this day to everybody from the plains of Arabia to the hills of Afghanistan and he was specially taught to regard the cause of the Crescent and the Quran as the great purpose of his existence

It was in 1641 that Kilich Khan undertook a pilgrimage to Makkah. But on his way there he stopped off in India to present himself before Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan. The Mughal Emperor bestowed on Kilich Khan a Khilat or dress of honour and promised him that after he returned from Makkah he could take up a post on his personal staff. He was promoted to Sadar-i-Qul ( Supt. of Endowments ) 1681 - 1685, Subedar of Ajmer 1667-1672, Subedar of Multan 1672-1676, Amir-i-Haj 1676-1680. Faujdar of Zafarabad ( Bidar ) 1686-1687. Granted the title of Azim Khan 1657, and Qilich Khan Bahadur 1680.

Later life[edit]

He returned from his pilgrimage to India in 1658 to take up his post serving the Emperor Shah Jahan, only to find that the Emperor had been taken ill and so Kilich Khan decided to throw his lot in with Prince Aurangzeb. Taking command of one of the Mughal armies, Kilich Khan played a crucial role in the Battle of Samugarh. For this he was rewarded by being made Sadr us Sadur (President of Presidents) and one of the Emperor's most trusted generals.

He then proceeded to follow Aurangzeb around India as the Emperor pursued his dream of bringing all of Hindustan under the Timuri Flag. Many battles were fought and many Forts besieged but it was during the Siege of Golconda in 1687 that Kilich Khan shone through as the Emperors most loyal and courageous general. When Aurangzeb's army left to attack Golconda, it was under the command of Kilich Khan's son Ghazi ud-Din Khan Feroze Jung.

Ghazi ud-Din Khan Feroze Jung was so keen on taking the fort in a sudden assault, he sent his father in charge of the storming party. However Kilich Khan was hit the shrapnel of a powerful cannonball, the bombardment which completely severed his arm. He returned to the Mughal camp on his horse refusing to dismount. Aurangzeb's Vizier-e-Azam (prime minister) Asad Khan noticed that while the surgeons were busy taking bits of bone and iron from his wound, he was stoically sipping coffee. Kilich Khan died a few days later, his arm was also found identified by the signet ring he always wore on his finger. Kilich Khan is buried in a tomb at Kismatpur near Himayat sagar only a few Kilometers from where he had died at Golconda. Hyderabad Andhra Pradesh India.

Children[edit]

Having had issue, five sons and two daughters. Nawab Ghaziuddin Khan, Nawab Khwaja Hamid Khan Bahadur, Nawab Rahim Chin Kilich Khan Bahadur and two sons died young. Khadija Begum Sahiba and another daughter married to Nawab Riyat Khan Bahadur.

The ruins of Golconda fort where Khwaja Abid died fighting and also where such diamonds were found that would make his descendants the richest people in the world

Promotions[edit]

  • 1000 zat (infantry, meaning that he had been granted lands that would provide 1000 infantry in times of battle) Granted in 1655 by Emperor Shah Jahan.
  • 3000 zat and 500 sowar in 1657 (sowar were cavalry troops) Granted by Emperor Aurangzeb.
  • 4000 zat and 700 sowar in 1658
  • 4000 zat and 1500 sowar in 1665
  • 5000 zat and 1500 sowar in 1681

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • Zubrzycki, John. (2006) The Last Nizam: An Indian Prince in the Australian Outback. Pan Macmillan, Australia. ISBN 978-0-330-42321-2.