Regions of Ethiopia

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The nine regions and two chartered cities of Ethiopia
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Since 1995, Ethiopia is constitutionally formed by a federation of nine ethnically-based regional states (plural: kililoch; singular: kilil) and two chartered cities (plural: astedader akababiwach; singular: astedader akabibi). These administrative regions replaced the older system of provinces. The word "kilil" more specifically means "reservation" or "protected area".[1] The ethnic basis of the regions and choice of the word "kilil" has drawn fierce criticism from those in opposition to the ruling party who have drawn comparisons to the bantustans of apartheid South Africa.[2]

The two chartered cities are Addis Ababa and Dire Dawa. Harari, though very small, is a regional state.

Regions are governed by a regional council whose members are directly elected to represent districts (woreda). Each council has a president, who is elected by the council. The regions also have an executive committee, whose members are selected by the president from among the councilors and approved by the council. Each region has a sector bureau, which implements the council mandate and reports to the executive committee.[3]

List of regions[edit]

The 9 regions and 2 city administrations of Ethiopia
Map Flag Region name Population[4] Area (km2)[5] Density (km2) Capital
1 Addis Ababa (city admin.) and capital city 2,739,551 526.99 5,198.49 N/A
2 Flag of the Afar Region.svg Afar Region 1,411,092 72,052.78 19.58 Semera
3 Flag of the Amhara Region.svg Amhara Region 17,214,056 154,708.96 111.28 Bahir Dar
4 Flag of the Benishangul-Gumuz Region.svg Benishangul-Gumuz Region 670,847 50,698.68 13.23 Asosa
5 Dire Dawa (city admin.) 341,834 1,558.61 219.32 N/A
6 Flag of the Gambella Region.svg Gambela Region 306,916 29,782.82 10.31 Gambela
7 Et harrar.png Harari Region 183,344 333.94 549.03 Harar
8 Flag of the Oromia Region.svg Oromia Region 27,158,471 284,537.84 95.45 Addis Ababa
9 Flag of the Somali Region.svg Somali Region 4,439,147 279,252 (est.) 15.90 Jijiga
10 Flag of the Southern Nations, Nationalities, and Peoples' Region.svg Southern Nations, Nationalities, and Peoples' Region 15,042,531 105,887.18 142.06 Hawassa
11 Flag of the Tigray Region.svg Tigray Region 4,316,988 41,409.95 104.19 Mek'ele

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Amharic Dictionary. 2012-12-19. Accessed: 2012-12-19. (Archived by WebCite® at
  2. ^ Demaret, Luc (29 October 2002). "'They knew I would rather die than give up the fight': Interview with Taye Woldesmiate (Ethiopia)". International Labour Organization. Archived from the original on 25 July 2008. Retrieved 15 July 2012. 'Since 1993, the education system has been substantially decentralised, with responsibility passing to the provincial authorities.' ... as Taye Woldesmiate went on to point out, the government 'decided to use education policy to promote its own political agenda, meaning its ethnic policy to divide the country'. At the time, teachers denounced this shift. 'The regime created apartheid-type Bantustan states called "killils", or homelands. Citizens are confined within their "killils" never to seek education or jobs outside their homeland', they said. 
  3. ^ Yilmaz, Serdar; Venugopal, Varsha (2008). Local Government Discretion and Accountability in Ethiopia. Working Paper 08-38. International Studies Program, Andrew Young School of Policy Studies, Georgia State University. pp. 4–5. Retrieved 22 June 2013. 
  4. ^ Census 2007 Tables
  5. ^ 2011 National Statistics

External links[edit]