Kilis Province

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Kilis Province
Kilis ili
Province of Turkey
Location of Kilis Province in Turkey
Location of Kilis Province in Turkey
Country Turkey
Region Southeastern Anatolia
Electoral district Kilis
Area
 • Total 1,642 km2 (634 sq mi)
Population (2010-12-31)[1]
 • Total 123,135
 • Density 75/km2 (190/sq mi)
Area code(s) 0348
Vehicle registration 79

Kilis Province (Turkish: Kilis ili) is a province in south-central Turkey. It used to be the southern part of the province of Gaziantep and was formed in 1994. The town of Kilis is home to around 67% of the inhabitants of the province, the other towns and villages are very small.

History[edit]

There is evidence of human occupation from 4,000 years ago, in the Middle Bronze Age. The region has been ruled by the Hurrians, the Assyrian Empire, the Hittite Empire, the Persian Empire, the Macedonian Empire, the Roman Empire (including the Byzantine Empire), the Armenian Kingdom and finally by Ottoman Empire. Places of historical interest include a number of burial mounds, castles and mosques.

The name of Kilis is thought to be originating from two possible sources. First one the Arabic word for lime which is "Kil'seh", was shortened and became Kilis. The reason is that the soil of Kilis contains high levels of lime. Second possible source is Turkish word for church, which is "Kilise" (from Greek ekklesia, εκκλησία). Around 16th century Armenian pilgrims who traveled to St. Hovhannes Monastery in Kilis, caught the attention of nearby Turkish villagers. When Turks asked Armenians where they were traveling, they replied "Kiliseye gidiyoruz, Kiliseden dönüyoruz"; translates " We are traveling back and forth to church".

Geography[edit]

Kilis is located in the southern foothills of the Taurus Mountains west of the Euphrates River on the northern edge of the Syria Plain. The district contains areas of good agricultural land, watered by small rivers and 68% of the land area of Kilis is planted. Almost 4% of Turkey's grape production comes from Kilis. Other important agricultural products are olives, fruit, wheat, barley and tobacco. A Mediterranean climate dominates over the region, which is around 60 to 80 km away from the sea. Winters are cool and rainy, spring and fall months warm, and summers are hot. Average winter temperatures are 4 to 7 degrees Celsius, while in summer the temperatures do not fall under 25 degrees Celsius.

There is a border crossing into Syria, from where the road goes south to the Syrian city of Aleppo.

Kilis is traversed by the northeasterly line of equal latitude and longitude.

Prominent citizens[edit]

  • Former chief-of-staff General Doğan Güreş was later Member of Parliament for Kilis.
  • Army general İzettin İyigün was born in Kilis (1938).
  • Columnist and beauty contest judge Hıncal Uluç was born in Kilis (1939).
  • Poet and Veterinarian, Seyfettin Başcıllar, was born in Kilis (1930 - 2002).

Education[edit]

Kilis 7 Aralık University is located in Kilis and has around 8000 undergraduate and graduate students from all around the world. More information about Kilis 7 Aralık University can be found at http://www.kilis.edu.tr/english/

Kilis 7 Aralık University Main Gate
Logo of Kilis 7 Aralık University
Kilis 7 Aralık University,a Higher Education Institution located in Kilis, Turkey

Districts[edit]

Kilis province is divided into 4 districts (capital district in bold):

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Turkish Statistical Institute, MS Excel document – Population of province/district centers and towns/villages and population growth rate by provinces

External links[edit]


Coordinates: 36°48′03″N 37°07′26″E / 36.80083°N 37.12389°E / 36.80083; 37.12389