Papuan Tip languages
|Eastern New Guinea|
The Papuan Tip languages are a branch of the Western Oceanic languages consisting of 60 languages. All Papuan Tip languages, except Nimoa, Sudest, and the Kilivila languages (all spoken on islands off the coast of mainland Papua New Guinea), have SOV word order due to influences from nearby Papuan languages (Lynch, Ross, & Crowley 2002:104). Universally, this is considered to be a typologically unusual change.
According to Lynch, Ross, & Crowley (2002), the structure of the family is as follows:
- Nuclear Papuan Tip linkage
- Suauic linkage: Buhutu, 'Auhelawa, Oya'oya, Unubahe, Saliba, Suau, Bwanabwana, Wagawaga
- North Mainland – D'Entrecasteaux linkage
- Bwaidoga: Bwaidoka, Diodio (West Goodenough), Iamalele, Iduna, Koluwawa, Maiadomu
- Dobu–Duau: Dobu, Molima, Bunama, Boselewa, Duau, Galeya, Mwatebu, Sewa Bay
- Kakabai: Dawawa, Kakabai
- Are–Taupota
- Kilivila–Misima linkage
- Nimoa–Sudest family: Nimoa, Sudest
- Central Papuan Tip family
Maisin is difficult to classify, but its Austronesian component likely belongs with Nuclear Papuan Tip.