Killa Abdullah District
|Qilla Abdullah District|
Map of with Qilla Abdullah District highlighted
|• Deputy Commissioner||Muhammad Asghar Harifal|
|• Total||3,293 km2 (1,271 sq mi)|
|Time zone||PST (UTC+5)|
|Number of Tehsils||4|
Killa Abdullah or Qilla Abdullah or Abdullah Qilla (Pashto: قلعہ عبد الله) is a district in the north west of Balochistan province of Pakistan. Over 99% of the people of the area are Muslims. The population of Qilla Abdullah District was estimated to be over 200,000 in 2005, the vast majority being Pakhtuns.
Qilla Abdullah district lies between 30 - 04 ' to 31 - 17 ' North Longitude in the foothills of the Shela Bagh Mountain range. It is bordered by Pishin District in the east, Quetta District in the South and by Afghanistan in the west. The geographical area of the district is 5,264 km2. It is composed of two sub-divisions; Gulistan and Chaman. The general character of the district is mountainous. Its northern area is covered by the Toba Plateau. The hill ranges are fairly uniform in character. They consist of long central ridges with numerous spurs. These spurs vary in elevation from 1,500 to 3,300 meters.
Qilla Abdullah is a small valley bordered by mountains. The valley floor is covered with unconsolidated alluvial sediments that are mostly composed of clay, silt, silty clay and clayey silt. All these sediments were deposited in the valley by the seasonal streams that flow across the valley (generally north to south). The soil is of loamy nature in the Gulistan area, while the soil of Tehsil Chaman is sandy clay - gravial (Admixture). The sandy fraction increases towards the mountain ranges. The scarcity of water in the area and the semi-desert climatic conditions have limited trees and shrubs to grow.
The climate of the district Killa Abdullah is generally dry and temperate. The adjoining districts have somewhat deviating temperatures, owing to different elevations. The climatic conditions of the district are particularly suitable for horticulture/ agriculture. The climate is especially suitable for the growth of fruits e.g. apples, apricots, peaches, plums, grapes, cherries and vegetables such as potatoes, onions, tomatoes.
In 1839, this area along with Quetta and Pishin region became a part of British India as a result of the First Anglo Afghan War. However, in 1842, the Afghans regained the entire Pishin Valley, losing it again in 1879. Four years later, Pishin and the surrounding areas were merged with Quetta district. In 1993, it was separated from Pishin for administrative reasons and was given the status of a district.
Sites of interest
- 1998 District Census Report of Killa Abdullah, Population Census Organisation, Government of Pakistan, Islamabad, 2000. Pg 1
- 1998 District Census Report of Killa Abdullah, Population Census Organisation, Government of Pakistan, Islamabad, 2000. Pg 6
- Tehsils & Unions in the District of Killa Abdullah - Government of Pakistan