Killavullen Caves

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Killavullen Caves
Killavullen Caves.jpg
One of the cave entrances, overhanging the River Blackwater
Location Killavullen, County Cork
Entrances 3+

The Killavullen Caves are limestone caves near the village of Killavullen in County Cork, Ireland. They are situated on the south bank of the River Blackwater at Killavullen Bridge.[1]

The caves have been known to local people for hundreds of years, and have been inhabited at various times during their history. Some of them were inhabited when Irish antiquary Thomas Crofton Croker visited in the early 19th century:

"...the road winds round a mass of steep limestone rock, in which are natural caverns, used as habitations by the peasantry. One of these was the dwelling of the village smith, the light from whose forge threw a broad and vivid reflection across the road, that lay in the solemnity of deep shadow."[2]

The caves are particularly notable for the large number of archaeological and palaeontological remains discovered within. Excavations in one of the caves in 1934 revealed the remains of Irish Elk, brown bear, wolf and reindeer[3] and further excavations produced a human skull.[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Coleman, J. C. (1965). The Caves of Ireland. Tralee, Co. Kerry: Anvil Press. pp. 25, 73. 
  2. ^ Croker, Thomas Crofton (1824). "VII: The River Blackwater". Researches in the south of Ireland. London: Murray, John. pp. 138–139. Retrieved 2010-12-17. 
  3. ^ Leask, Harold G. (1934). "Notes on Excavations in Ireland during 1934". Proceedings of the Prehistoric Society 7: 410–411. 
    cited in Coleman (1965), p. 73
  4. ^ Martin, Cecil P. (1935). "VI". Prehistoric Man in Ireland. London. 
    cited in Coleman (1965), p. 73

Coordinates: 52°08′55″N 8°30′57″W / 52.1486°N 8.5158°W / 52.1486; -8.5158