Killerton

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Killerton House
Killerton Chapel

Killerton is an 18th-century house in Broadclyst, Exeter, Devon, England, which, with its hillside garden and estate, has been owned by the National Trust since 1944 and is open to the public. The National Trust displays the house as a comfortable home. On display in the house is a collection of 18th- to 20th-century costumes, originally known as the Paulise de Bush collection, shown in period rooms.

The estate covers some 2590 hectares (25.9 km2, 6400 acres).[1] Included in the Estate is a steep wooded hillside with the remains of an Iron Age Hill fort on top of it, also known as Dolbury which has also yielded evidence of Roman occupation, thought to be a possible fort or marching camp within the Hill fort.[2]

Killerton House itself and the Bear's Hut summerhouse in the grounds are Grade II* listed buildings. [3] [4]

History[edit]

The manor of Columb John in the parish of Broadclyst was purchased by Sir John Acland (d.1620), MP and High Sheriff of Devon. The adjoining estate of Killerton was purchased a short time thereafter by his nephew Sir Arthur Acland (d.1610) of Acland in the parish of Landkey as jointure for his wife Eleanor Mallet.[5] The present Georgian Killerton House was built for Sir Thomas Acland, 7th baronet in 1778, The chapel was built in 1738 to the designs of Charles Robert Cockerell.

The garden was created in the 1770s by John Veitch, one of the leading landscape designers of the time. It features rhododendrons, magnolias, herbaceous borders and rare trees, as well as an ice house and early 19th-century summer house. The surrounding parkland and woods offer a number of circular walks.

Killerton was given to the National Trust by British politician Sir Richard Acland, the 15th baronet.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "National Trust - Killerton". web page. National Trust. Retrieved 21 April 2012. 
  2. ^ R.R.Sellman; Aspects of Devon History, Devon Books 1985 - ISBN 0-86114-756-1 - Chapter 2; The Iron Age in Devon. Map Page 11 of Iron Age hill forts in Devon includes Dolbury.
  3. ^ "Name: KILLERTON HOUSE AND HA HA APPROXIMATELY 20 METRES IN FRONT OF ENTRANCE List entry Number: 1098331". English Heritage. Retrieved 8 June 2014. 
  4. ^ "Name: THE BEAR'S HUT 220 METRES NORTH NORTH WEST OF KILLERTON HOUSE List entry Number: 1170706". English Heritage. Retrieved 8 June 2014. 
  5. ^ Acland, Anne, A Devon Family: The Story of the Aclands. London and Chichester: Phillimore, 1981, pp.4-6

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 50°47′29″N 3°27′28″W / 50.7915°N 3.4578°W / 50.7915; -3.4578