Killwangen

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Killwangen
Killwangen -
Country Switzerland Coat of Arms of Killwangen
Canton Aargau
District Baden
47°26′N 8°21′E / 47.433°N 8.350°E / 47.433; 8.350Coordinates: 47°26′N 8°21′E / 47.433°N 8.350°E / 47.433; 8.350
Population 1,897 (Dec 2013)[1]
- Density 781 /km2 (2,022 /sq mi)
Area 2.43 km2 (0.94 sq mi)[2]
Elevation 393 m (1,289 ft)
Postal code 8956
SFOS number 4030
Surrounded by Neuenhof, Oberrohrdorf, Spreitenbach, Würenlos
Website www.killwangen.ch
SFSO statistics
Killwangen is located in Switzerland
Killwangen
Killwangen
Killwangen

Killwangen is a municipality in the district of Baden in the canton of Aargau in Switzerland.

History[edit]

The town was first known as Chullewangen as early as 1227.[3] The name is alemannish in origin. For nearly 600 years, Killwangen was dependent on the monastery in nearby Wettingen. In 1798, Napoleon's troops came through Switzerland and the Helvetic Republic was born. Killwangen was part of the Canton of Baden which enjoyed a short history as a separate Canton, being absorbed by the new Canton of Aargau in 1803. On 7 August 1847, the first railway line in Switzerland opened between Baden and Zurich. On 1 February 1848, the town received its own railways station on the pioneer line.

Geography[edit]

Fields outside Killwangen

Killwangen has an area, as of 2006, of 2.4 km2 (0.93 sq mi). Of this area, 27.6% is used for agricultural purposes, while 50.6% is forested. Of the rest of the land, 19.3% is settled (buildings or roads) and the remainder (2.5%) is non-productive (rivers or lakes).[4]

The town lies in the Limmat valley between Baden and Zürich. Killwangen lies on the south side of the Limmat river, within easy walking distance of the Heitersberg. Elevation of the Limmat at Killwangen is 385 m (1,263 ft) a.s.l. The highest point in Killwangen is the Sennenberg ridge at 702 m (2,303 ft). Neighboring towns are Wurenlos to the North, Spreitenbach to the east, Neuenhof to the West and Oberrohrdorf to the south.

Coat of arms[edit]

The blazon of the municipal coat of arms is Gules a Mullet Argent under a Chevron rose of the same.[5]

Demographics[edit]

Killwangen has a population (as of 31 December 2013) of 1,897.[1] As of 2008, 23.6% of the population was made up of foreign nationals.[6] Over the last 10 years the population has grown at a rate of 30.7%. Most of the population (as of 2000) speaks German (88.2%), with Italian being second most common ( 2.7%) and Serbo-Croatian being third ( 1.9%).[4]

The age distribution, as of 2008, in Killwangen is; 175 children or 9.8% of the population are between 0 and 9 years old and 180 teenagers or 10.1% are between 10 and 19. Of the adult population, 249 people or 14.0% of the population are between 20 and 29 years old. 244 people or 13.7% are between 30 and 39, 319 people or 17.9% are between 40 and 49, and 274 people or 15.4% are between 50 and 59. The senior population distribution is 192 people or 10.8% of the population are between 60 and 69 years old, 99 people or 5.6% are between 70 and 79, there are 43 people or 2.4% who are between 80 and 89,and there are 6 people or 0.3% who are 90 and older.[7]

As of 2000, there were 49 homes with 1 or 2 persons in the household, 257 homes with 3 or 4 persons in the household, and 229 homes with 5 or more persons in the household. The average number of people per household was 2.44 individuals.[8] In 2008 there were 294 single family homes (or 37.8% of the total) out of a total of 778 homes and apartments.[9]

The historical population is given in the following table:[3][7]

Historical population
Year Pop. ±%
1778 90 —    
1850 182 +102.2%
1900 306 +68.1%
1950 597 +95.1%
1975 961 +61.0%
1980 1,044 +8.6%
1990 1,310 +25.5%
2000 1,377 +5.1%

Government[edit]

In the 2007 federal election the most popular party was the SVP which received 37.4% of the vote. The next three most popular parties were the CVP (21.6%), the SP (17.7%) and the FDP (10.1%).[4]

Members of the town council are voted on once every four years. The town council is composed of five councilors, of which one is elected as the chairperson.

The five town councilors for 2006-2009 are as follows:

  • Cornelia Biasca, CVP, Chairperson
  • Alois Greber, CVP, Assistant chairperson
  • Jürg Lienberger, SVP
  • Leo Dittli, independent
  • Markus Würsch, CVP

Religion[edit]

Roman Catholic Church of Killwangen

From the 2000 census, 667 or 48.4% are Roman Catholic, while 414 or 30.1% belonged to the Swiss Reformed Church. Of the rest of the population, there are 5 individuals (or about 0.36% of the population) who belong to the Christian Catholic faith.[8]

Economy[edit]

Killwangen is primarily a bedroom community, as most of the employed workforce commutes daily to Baden, Spreitenbach or to jobs in the Zurich agglomeration.

As of 2007, Killwangen had an unemployment rate of 4.57%. As of 2005, there were 11 people employed in the primary economic sector and about 6 businesses involved in this sector. 233 people are employed in the secondary sector and there are 15 businesses in this sector. 158 people are employed in the tertiary sector, with 54 businesses in this sector.[4]

As of 2000 there were 739 total workers who lived in the municipality. Of these, 649 or about 87.8% of the residents worked outside Killwangen while 295 people commuted into the municipality for work. There were a total of 385 jobs (of at least 6 hours per week) in the municipality.[10]

Transportation[edit]

Killwangen is served by half hour S-Bahn (commuter service) from Killwangen-Spreitenbach railway station as well as by the Baden transit corporation which operates frequent bus service as. Killwangen-Spreitenbach is a stop of the S-Bahn Zürich on the lines S3 and S12.

Education[edit]

Killwangen operates two separate Kindergarten facilities and one Primary School. Children from the 6th class and older travel to nearby Spreitenbach to middle school. High Schools in Wettingen and Baden follow for those students with qualifying performance.

The entire Swiss population is generally well educated. In Killwangen about 84.1% of the population (between age 25-64) have completed either non-mandatory upper secondary education or additional higher education (either university or a Fachhochschule).[4] Of the school age population (in the 2008/2009 school year), there are 119 students attending primary school in the municipality.[8]

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b Swiss Federal Statistics Office – STAT-TAB Ständige und Nichtständige Wohnbevölkerung nach Region, Geschlecht, Nationalität und Alter (German) accessed 18 August 2014
  2. ^ Arealstatistik Standard - Gemeindedaten nach 4 Hauptbereichen
  3. ^ a b Killwangen in German, French and Italian in the online Historical Dictionary of Switzerland.
  4. ^ a b c d e Swiss Federal Statistical Office accessed 8 February 2010
  5. ^ Flags of the World.com accessed 8 February 2010
  6. ^ Statistical Department of Canton Aargau -Bereich 01 -Bevölkerung (German) accessed 20 January 2010
  7. ^ a b Statistical Department of Canton Aargau -Bevölkerungsdaten für den Kanton Aargau und die Gemeinden (Archiv) (German) accessed 20 January 2010
  8. ^ a b c Statistical Department of Canton Aargau - Aargauer Zahlen 2009 (German) accessed 20 January 2010
  9. ^ Statistical Department of Canton Aargau (German) accessed 20 January 2010
  10. ^ Statistical Department of Canton Aargau-Bereich 11 Verkehr und Nachrichtenwesen (German) accessed 21 January 2010