Kilmarnock (UK Parliament constituency)

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For the 1832–1918 constituency, see Kilmarnock Burghs (UK Parliament constituency).
Kilmarnock
Former County constituency
for the House of Commons
Subdivisions of Scotland Ayrshire
Major settlements Kilmarnock
19181983
Number of members One
Replaced by Kilmarnock and Loudoun
Created from Kilmarnock Burghs

Kilmarnock was a county constituency of the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom from 1918 to 1983. It elected one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election.

The constituency included the area of the former parliamentary burgh of Kilmarnock. The parliamentary burgh had been, previously, a component of the Kilmarnock Burghs constituency.

Prominent Members for this seat included long-serving Scottish Secretary Willie Ross, and senior judge Craigie Mason Aitchison

Boundaries[edit]

1918 to 1950[edit]

The constituency was created by the Representation of the People Act 1918 as one of four constituencies covering the county of Ayr and the county of Bute. Of the other three constituencies, two were county constituencies: Bute and Northern Ayrshire and South Ayrshire. The third, Ayr Burghs, was a district of burghs constituency. All four constituencies were entirely within the boundaries of the two counties.

The Kilmarnock constituency consisted of "The county district of Kilmarnock, inclusive of all burghs situated therein except insofar as included in the Ayr District of Burghs."

The counties of Ayr and Bute had been covered, previously, by the five constituencies of Ayr Burghs, Buteshire, Kilmarnock Burghs, North Ayrshire and South Ayrshire. Two of these, Ayr Burghs and Kilmarnock Burghs, had included areas (parliamentary burghs) outside the two counties.

1950 to 1974[edit]

Constituency boundaries were redrawn in 1950, creating five constituencies to cover the counties of Ayr and Bute. Ayr Burghs was abolished and two new county constituencies, Ayr and Central Ayrshire, were created. Part of the Kilmarnock constituency was transferred to the new Central Ayrshire constituency.

1974 to 1975[edit]

In 1974, the boundary between the Kilmarnock and Ayrshire Central constituencies was redrawn to enlarge Kilmarnock.

1975 to 1983[edit]

In 1975, under the Local Government (Scotland) Act 1973, local government counties were abolished and replaced by a system of regions and districts. The areas of the counties of Ayr and Bute were merged into the Strathclyde region and, thus, the Kilmarnock constituency became one of a number covering the region. Eight years were to elapse before new constituency boundaries took account of new local government boundaries.

In 1983 the Kilmarnock constituency was merged into the Kilmarnock and Loudoun constituency.

Members of Parliament[edit]

Election Member[1] Party
1918 Alexander Shaw Coalition Liberal
1922 National Liberal
1923 Robert Climie Labour
1924 Charles Glen MacAndrew Scottish Unionist Party
1929 Robert Climie Labour
1929 by-election Craigie Mason Aitchison Labour
1931 National Labour
1933 by-election Kenneth Lindsay National Labour
1945 Clarice Shaw Labour
1946 by-election Willie Ross Labour
1979 Willie McKelvey Labour
1983 constituency abolished: see Kilmarnock and Loudoun

Election results[edit]

Elections in the 1910s[edit]

Alexander Shaw
General Election, May 1918: Kilmarnock [2]

Electorate 32,298

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Coalition Liberal Hon. Alexander Shaw 13,568 67.1 n/a
Independent Labour Peter Malcolm 6,652 32.9 n/a
Majority 6,916 34.2 n/a
Turnout 20,220 62.6 n/a
Coalition Liberal win

Elections in the 1920s[edit]

General Election, 1922: Kilmarnock [3]

Electorate 33,210

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
National Liberal Hon. Alexander Shaw 12,991 54.7 -2.4
Labour Robert Climie 10,752 45.3 +2.4
Majority 2,239 9.4 -4.8
Turnout 71.5 +8.9
National Liberal hold Swing -2.4
Sir Donald Maclean
General Election, 1923: Kilmarnock [4]

Electorate 33,652

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Robert Climie 10,922 43.2 -2.1
Liberal Rt Hon. Sir Donald Maclean 8,185 32.1 -22.6
Unionist Alexander Morrice Mackay 6,298 24.7 n/a
Majority 2,8.7 11.1 20.5
Turnout 75.7 +4.2
Labour gain from Liberal Swing +10.2
General Election, 1924: Kilmarnock [5]

Electorate 34,315

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Unionist Charles Glen MacAndrew 14,237 52.2 +27.5
Labour Robert Climie 13,054 47.8 +4.6
Majority 1,183 4.4 24.9
Turnout 79.5 +3.8
Unionist gain from Labour Swing +11.4
General Election, May 1929: Kilmarnock

Electorate 46,310

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Robert Climie 17,368 48.2 +0.4
Unionist Charles Glen MacAndrew 10,939 30.4 −21.8
Liberal James Rankin Rutherford 7,700 21.4 N/A
Majority 6,429 17.8 N/A
Turnout 36,007 77.8 −0.7
Labour gain from Unionist Swing +11.2
Kilmarnock by-election, 1929

Electorate 46,310

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Rt Hon. Craigie Mason Aitchison 18,465 55.6 +7.4
Unionist Charles Glen MacAndrew 13,270 40.0 +9.6
Communist Isabel Brown 1,448 4.4 N/A
Majority 5,195 15.6 −2.2
Turnout 33,183 71.7 −6.1
Labour hold Swing 12.6

Elections in the 1930s[edit]

General Election, October 1931: Kilmarnock

Electorate 46,006

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
National Labour Rt Hon. Craigie Mason Aitchison 21,803 59.6 N/A
Ind. Labour Party John Pollock 14,767 40.4 N/A
Majority 7,036 19.2 +3.6
Turnout 36,580 79.5 +7.8
National Labour hold Swing N/A
Kilmarnock by-election, 1933

Electorate

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
National Labour Kenneth Martin Lindsay 12,577 34.8 −24.8
Labour James Barr 9,924 27.4 N/A
Ind. Labour Party John Pollock 7,575 20.9 −19.5
Scottish Party Sir Alexander McEwen 6,098 16.9 N/A
Majority 2,653 7.4 −11.8
Turnout 77.3 −2.2
National Labour hold Swing N/A
General Election, 1935: Kilmarnock [6]

Electorate 47,734

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
National Labour Kenneth Martin Lindsay 19,115 50.9 +16.1
Labour J. Crawford 12,558 33.4 +6.0
Ind. Labour Party John Pollock 3,582 9.5 -11.4
SNP T.W. Campbell 2,346 6.2 -10.7
Majority 6,557 17.5 +10.1
Turnout 78.8 +1.5
National Labour hold Swing +5.0

Elections in the 1940s[edit]

General Election, July 1945: Kilmarnock

Electorate 52,721

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Clarice Marion McNab Shaw 23,837 59.4 +26.0
Unionist George E.O. Walker 16,300 40.6 N/A
Majority 7,537 18.8
Turnout 40,137 76.1 −2.7
Labour gain from National Labour Swing N/A
Kilmarnock by-election, 1946

Electorate 55,022

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour William Ross 22,456 59.7 +0.3
Unionist George E.O. Walker 12,239 32.5 −8.1
SNP George Dott 2,932 7.8 N/A
Majority 10,217 27.2 +8.4
Turnout 37,627 68.4 −7.7
Labour hold Swing +4.2

Elections in the 1950s[edit]

General Election, 1959: Kilmarnock[7]

Electorate 49,090

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour William Ross 25,379 62.7 +1.8
Conservative R. Ian McNaught 15,087 37.3 -1.8
Majority 10,292 25.4 +3.6
Turnout 40,466
Labour hold Swing +1.8

Elections in the 1970s[edit]

General Election, Oct 1974 : Kilmarnock [8]

Electorate

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour William Ross 22,184
SNP Alistair MacInnes 14,655
Conservative William Adams 9,203
Liberal K. Purcell 2,508
Majority 7,529
Labour hold Swing

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "K" (part 2)[self-published source][better source needed]
  2. ^ Whitaker's Almanack, 1920
  3. ^ The Times, 17 November 1922
  4. ^ The Times, 8 December 1923
  5. ^ Oliver & Boyd's Edinburgh Almanac, 1927
  6. ^ Whitaker's Almanack, 1939
  7. ^ Whitaker's Almanack, 1963
  8. ^ Whitaker's Almanack, 1977
  • Craig, F. W. S. (1983) [1969]. British parliamentary election results 1918-1949 (3rd edition ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. ISBN 0-900178-06-X.