|This article needs additional citations for verification. (August 2010)|
|United States Assistant Secretary of State for International Organization Affairs|
November 19, 2002 – May 1, 2005
|President||George W. Bush|
|Preceded by||David Welch|
|Succeeded by||Kristen Silverberg|
|Alma mater||University of Central Florida
Kim R. Holmes, Ph.D., is an American former diplomat and current "think tank" foreign/defense policy expert. He currently serves as the Vice President of Foreign and Defense Policy Studies at the Heritage Foundation and as director of its Kathryn and Shelby Cullom Davis Institute for International Studies. From 2002 to 2005, he served as the United States Assistant Secretary of State for International Organization Affairs.
His published works include Liberty's Best Hope: American Leadership in the 21st Century (2008) and the annual Heritage/Wall Street Journal Index of Economic Freedom.
Kim Holmes returned to the Heritage Foundation as Vice President in 2005 to lead its team of over 40 experts in a broad portfolio covering international affairs and national security. Holmes had first joined Heritage in 1985 as a defense policy analyst focusing on strategic defenses, the U.S. defense budget, military reform and weapons systems. He served as Senior Policy Analyst for National Security Affairs specializing in arms control, NATO, and East-West strategic relations, and then as Director of Foreign and Defense Policy Studies before being named Vice President for the first time in 1992.
In 2001, Holmes accepted a presidential nomination to serve as Assistant Secretary of State for International Organization Affairs under Secretary of State Colin Powell, a position he held until mid-2005. He was responsible for U.S. engagement at the United Nations and 46 other international organizations, directing over 400 U.S. diplomats and civil servants at the State Department headquarters in Washington and at U.S. missions in New York, Geneva, Vienna, Paris, Rome, Montreal and Nairobi. Key U.S. multilateral efforts included developing stronger mechanisms for countering terrorism and proliferation of weapons of mass destruction; stopping human rights abuses such as genocide in Sudan; standing up and supporting peacekeeping missions, including Iraq and Afghanistan; promoting economic development; averting pandemics; improving aviation and maritime security; reforming the U.N. system; reentering UNESCO and other technical, economic and political concerns. Major U.N. Security Council resolutions securing during his tenure dealt with the U.N.'s involvement in Iraq and Sudan, and the adoption of the first-ever resolution (1540) on nonproliferation, which recognized the importance of global partnerships such as the U.S.-led Proliferation Security Initiative. Holmes also helped to forge the first democracy caucus at the U.N. and to establish the U.N. Democracy Fund.
Since returning to Heritage in 2005, Holmes has expanded its engagement in international affairs. He was instrumental in establishing The Heritage Foundation's Margaret Thatcher Center for Freedom - the only such center in the world carrying Lady Thatcher's name. He is a popular presenter at national and international conferences on global affairs, defense security, international law, and economic and political freedom. He is interviewed frequently by domestic and foreign media, and has appeared on major current affairs programs on CNN, C-SPAN, Fox News Channel, MSNBC, Al-Jazeera, Kyodo News and others.
Holmes is founding editor of the Heritage Foundation/Wall Street Journal's Index of Economic Freedom. Its trade policy scores are used by the U.S. government to determine country eligibility for Millennium Challenge Account funds. Business and risk management firms also use the Index to assess foreign investment climates.
Holmes has published a number of articles and books, and currently publishes a regular biweekly column in the Washington Times. Shortly after the September 11, 2001 terrorist attacks, he spearheaded a task force that produced a groundbreaking homeland security study entitled, "Defending the American Homeland." Many of the recommendations in that report have been adopted by the U.S. government. In 1995, he helped to lay the intellectual groundwork for renewing the U.S. commitment to missile defense and ending self-imposed restrictions under the Anti-Ballistic Missile Treaty with the now-defunct Soviet Union. He has edited a number of foreign policy books, including: Restoring American Leadership: A U.S. Foreign and Defense Policy Blueprint; Mandate for Leadership, a quadrennial guide for Washington policymakers; Between Diplomacy and Deterrence: Strategies for U.S. Relations with China; Reshaping Europe: Strategies for Post-Cold War Europe; and Strategic Defenses for the 1990s and Beyond. Holmes has published scholarly articles in such journals as National Interest, Journal Aspenia (Italy), the African Executive, Harvard University's International Security and Columbia University's Journal of International Affairs.
Just prior to joining Heritage in 1985, Holmes was a Senior Fellow at the Institute for Foreign Policy Analysis, a research institute associated with the Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy. He also was a research fellow at the Institute for European History in Mainz, Germany while completing his 1982 dissertation on the history of National Socialism in Bavaria between World War I and World War II. He taught European security and history as an Adjunct Professor at Georgetown University.
Holmes is a member of the Council on Foreign Relations and a former member of its Washington Advisory Committee. He has served on the Defense Policy Board of experts who advise the Secretary of Defense, on the Executive Committee and Board of Directors of the Center for International Private Enterprise, and as a public member of the U.S. delegation to the Organization on Security and Cooperation in Europe. He is also a member of the Institute for International Strategic Studies and the Cosmos Club of Washington, D.C.
On October 6, 2011, Mitt Romney announced that Holmes would be a member of his Foreign Policy and National Security Advisory Team. This group draws on a wide array of experience to advise Governor Romney on foreign policy strategy, defense issues, intelligence matters, counterterrorism, and regional policy.
Holmes is married with two grown children and plays lead guitar in a DC-area band known as Satellite Papa.
- Studies and papers
- Twelve Principles to Guide U.S. Energy Policy
- The U.S. and India: Partnership for the 21st Century (Lecture)
- Spreading Freedom Around the World
- North Korea Nuclear and Missile Issues: What's the Solution?
- The Heritage Foundation
- The Index of Economic Freedom
- The NSDAP and the Crisis of Agrarian Conservatism in Lower Bavaria (1982, Garland Pub.)
- Reshaping Europe: Strategies for a Post-Cold War Europe (1990)
- SDI at the Turning Point: Readying Strategic Defenses for the 1990s and Beyond (1990)
- A Safe and Prosperous America: A U.S. Foreign and Defense Policy Blueprint (1994)
- The New Member’s Guide to the Issues
- Defending America: A Near- and Long-Term Plan to Deploy Missile Defenses
- Restoring American Leadership: A U.S. Foreign and Defense Policy Blueprint (1996) ISBN 978-0-89195-239-8
- Between Diplomacy and Deterrence: Strategies for U.S. Relations with China (1997)
- Mandate for Leadership IV: Turning Ideas into Actions (1997)
- Issues: The Candidate’s Briefing Book,(1998,2000)
- Priorities for the President (2001)
- Reclaiming the Language of Freedom at the United Nations: A Guide for U.S. Policymakers (2005)
- Liberty’s Best Hope: American Leadership in the 21st Century (2008)
- ConUNdrum: The Limits of the United Nations and the Search for Alternatives (2009)
- "On the road to re-Carterizing America", The Washington Times, June 9, 2010
|Assistant Secretary of State for International Organization Affairs
November 19, 2002 – May 1, 2005